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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1984
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study with acceptable restrictions
Remarks:
study predates GLP

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1984
Report date:
1984

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Trisodium 1-amino-4-[[3-[[4-chloro-6-[(sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2,4,6-trimethyl-5-sulphonatophenyl]amino]-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxoanthracene-2-sulphonate
EC Number:
276-481-8
EC Name:
Trisodium 1-amino-4-[[3-[[4-chloro-6-[(sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2,4,6-trimethyl-5-sulphonatophenyl]amino]-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxoanthracene-2-sulphonate
Cas Number:
72214-18-7
Molecular formula:
C32H26ClN7O11S3.3Na
IUPAC Name:
trisodium 1-amino-4-[[3-[[4-chloro-6-[(sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2,4,6-trimethyl-5-sulphonatophenyl]amino]-9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxoanthracene-2-sulphonate
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
None
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Company code: FAT 41'001/D
Batch No: EN 94060.32
Purity: 78.8 %
Appearance: granulate
Stability of the test compound: until November 1988
pH-value: 7.6 (lg/l water)
Test article received: December 6, 1983

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Kleintierfarm Madoerin AG, CH-4414 Fuellinsdorf
- Age at study initiation: 1800-1990 g
- Weight at study initiation: 12 - 14 weeks
- Housing: Animals were housed individually in metal cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70
- Air changes (per hr): approximately 15 air changes/h.
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours light/day

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: The left eye remained untreated and served as a control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
one second
Observation period (in vivo):
1, 24, 48, and 72 hours
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 males
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM:
The irritating and/or corrosive potential of the test article (theoretical range: non-irritant - extremely irritant) was assessed on the basis of the maximum irritant effect observed
- in one or several of the ocular tissues (conjunctiva, iris, cornea), observed over the range of observation time
- in one or more animals and taking into account the reversibility of the effect.

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: hand-slit lamp

SCORING SYSTEM: Scale for scoring Ocular Lesions.
1.Cornea
(A) Opacity-degree of density (area most dense taken for reading)
- No opacity: 0
- Scattered or diffuse area, details of iris clearly visible: 1
- Easily discernible translucent areas, details of iris slightly obscured: 2
- Opalescent areas, no details of iris visible, size of pupil barely discernible: 3
- Opaque, iris invisible: 4

(B) Area of cornea involved
- One quarter (or less) but not zero: 1
- Greater than one quarter but less than half: 2
- Greater than half, but less than three quarters: 3
- Greater than three quarters, up to whole area: 4

AxBx5 Total maximum=80

2.Iris
(A) Values
- Normal: 0
- Folds above normal, congestion, swelling, circumcorneal injection (any or all of these or combination of any thereof) iris still reacting
to light (sluggish reaction is positive): 1
- No reaction to light, haemorrhage, gross destruction (any or all of these): 2
Ax5 Total maximum=10

3.Conjunctivae
(A) Redness (refers to palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae excluding cornea and iris)
- Vessels normal: 0
- Vessels definitely injected above normal: 1
- More diffuse, deeper crimson red, individual vessels not easily discernible: 2
- Diffuse beefy red: 3

(B) Chemosis
- No swelling: 0
- Any swelling above normal (includes nictitating membrane): 1
- Obvious swelling with partial eversion of lids: 2
- Swelling with lids about half closed: 3
- Swelling with lids about half closed to completely closed: 4

(C) Discharge'
- No discharge: 0
- Any amount different from normal (does not include small amounts observed" in inner canthus of normal animals): 1
- Discharge with moistening of the lids and hairs just adjacent to lids: 2
- Discharge with moistening of the lids and hairs, and considerable area around the eye: 3
Score (a+b+c)x 2 Total maximum=20

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 21 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1.55
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 21 days
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 21 days
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3.67
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 21 days

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 1 (irreversible effects on the eye) based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
FAT 41001/D is severely irritant and corrosive when applied to the rabbit eye mucosa.
Executive summary:

FAT 41001/D was evaluated for eye irritation potential according to the procedure prescribed by OECD test guideline 405. 3 male Albino rabbits were used to perform the test. 0.1 g of the test article was placed into the conjunctival sac of the right eye of each animal, after gently pulling away the lower lid from the eyeball. The lids were then held together for about one second in order to prevent loss of the test material. The left eye remained untreated and served as a control. The ocular reactions were examined 1, 24, 48, and 72h, 7 and 21 days after substance instillation and again during the following observation period. The 24/48/72h mean corneal opacity, iris, conjunctivae, chemosis scores were reported as 3, 1.55, 3 and 3.67 respectively. Iris and chemosis effects were not reversible within 21 days. No abnormal effects on body weight was observed. Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that FAT 41001/D is severely irritant and corrosive when applied to the rabbit eye mucosa.