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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures

Immediately remove contaminated clothing. If danger of loss of consciousness, place patient in

recovery position and transport accordingly. Apply artificial respiration if necessary. First aid

personnel should pay attention to their own safety.

If inhaled:

Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a

controlled/metered dose inhaler.

On skin contact:

Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:

Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open,

consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:

Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see

section 2) and/or in section 11., Further symptoms are possible

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific

antidote.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media:

water spray, dry powder, foam, carbon dioxide

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

nitrogen oxides, carbon oxides

The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire. Under certain

conditions in case of fire other hazardous combustion products may be generated.

5.3. Advice for fire-fighters

Special protective equipment:

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:

Collect contaminated extinguishing water separately, do not allow to reach sewage or effluent

systems.

Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

6.2. Environmental precautions

Do not empty into drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

For small amounts: Pick up with suitable appliance and dispose of.

For large amounts: Pick up with suitable appliance and dispose of.

Sweep/shovel up. Collect waste in suitable containers, which can be labeled and sealed. Incinerate

or take to a special waste disposal site in accordance with local authority regulations.

Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas.

Protection against fire and explosion:

Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should

be kept handy. Accumulation of fine dust may entail the risk of a dust explosion in the presence of

air.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Further information on storage conditions: Containers should be stored tightly sealed in a dry place.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

8.2. Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection:

Breathing protection if breathable aerosols/dust are formed. Breathing protection if dusts are formed.

Particle filter with high efficiency for solid and liquid particles (e.g. EN 143 or 149, Type P3 or FFP3).

Hand protection:

Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove

manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g.

temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in

practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.

Suitable chemical resistant safety gloves (EN 374) also with prolonged, direct contact

(Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to

EN 374): E.g. nitrile rubber (0.4 mm), chloroprene rubber (0.5 mm), butyl rubber (0.7 mm) and other

Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:

Tightly fitting safety goggles (splash goggles) (e.g. EN 166)

General safety and hygiene measures

Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Wearing of closed work clothing is required

additionally to the stated personal protection equipment.

Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity

No hazardous reactions if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Corrosion to metals: No corrosive effect on metal.

10.2. Chemical stability

The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

Dust explosion hazard.

10.4. Conditions to avoid

Avoid dust formation. Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame.

10.5. Incompatible materials

Substances to avoid:

strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

No hazardous decomposition products if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.

A waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) cannot be specified, due to

dependence on the usage.

The waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) must be specified in

cooperation with disposal agency/manufacturer/authorities.

Contaminated packaging:

Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for

recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.