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Ecotoxicological information

Short-term toxicity to fish

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to fish
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Remarks:
Other: read across from a Qsar prediction
Adequacy of study:
other information
Study period:
November 2015
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Justification for type of information:
Read across from a (Q)SAR prediction for the substance 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine CAS 156-83-2: QSAR migrated from IUCLID 5.6

Data source

Referenceopen allclose all

Reference Type:
other: QMRF
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report date:
2015
Reference Type:
other: QPRF
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH guidance on QSARs R.6 May/July 2008
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Model or submodel name: ACD/Percepta model for acute aquatic toxicity in
Fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas).
Model version: ACD labs/Percepta (2015 Release).

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
4-chloro-2,6-diaminopyrimidine
EC Number:
205-863-9
EC Name:
4-chloro-2,6-diaminopyrimidine
Cas Number:
156-83-2
Molecular formula:
C4H5ClN4
IUPAC Name:
6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine
Details on test material:
SMILES: Clc1cc(N)nc(N)n1
InChI: InChI=1S/C4H5ClN4/c5-2-1-3(6)9-4(7)8-2/h1H,(H4,6,7,8,9)

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Pimephales promelas

Results and discussion

Effect concentrations
Duration:
96 h
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect conc.:
290 mg/L

Any other information on results incl. tables

Sublethal observations / clinical signs:

Endpoint: Short-term toxicity to fish

Dependent variable: Log LC50, where LC50 is the chemical concentration (measured in milligrams per liter) that is expected to kill 50% of a group of organisms (i.e., Pimephales promelas) after an exposure of 96h. The final prediction results are converted back to LC50 value (mg/L).

Model or submodel name: ACD/Percepta model for acute aquatic toxicity in

Fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas).

Model version: ACD labs/Percepta (2015 Release).

Domains: ACD/Percepta provides an estimation of the reliability of the prediction, by a reliability index (RI). This index provides values in a range from 0 to 1 and gives an evaluation of whether a submitted compound falls within the model applicability domain. In particular: RI < 0.3 (Not Reliable), RI in range 0.3-0.5 (Borderline Reliability), RI in range 0.5-0.75 (Moderate Reliability), RI >= 0.75 (High Reliability). Estimation of the RI takes into account the following two aspects: similarity of the tested compound to the training set and the consistency of experimental values for similar compounds. In this case the prediction is considered as moderate reliable since RI is equal to 0.51.

i. descriptor domain: not applicable.

ii. structural fragment domain: not applicable.

iii. mechanism domain: not applicable.

iv. metabolic domain, if relevant: not applicable.

Structural analogues: The similarity of 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine with respect to the training set compounds was analysed in terms of “property-specific” and structural similarity. Five compounds were identified as analogues of 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine.

Considerations on structural analogues: The identified analogues exhibit moderate similarity with respect to 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine (similarity index ranging from 0.62 to 0.71), meaning that the target compound is moderately represented in the training set of the model, and experimental LC50 values ranging from 100 mg/L to 1600 mg/L.

The uncertainty of the prediction is evaluated by ACD/Percepta by means of the reliability index (RI). This index provides values in a range from 0 to 1 and gives an evaluation of whether a submitted compound falls within the model applicability domain. In particular: RI < 0.3 (Not Reliable), RI in range 0.3-0.5 (Borderline Reliability), RI in range 0.5-0.75 (Moderate Reliability), RI >= 0.75 (High Reliability).

Estimation of the RI takes into account the following two aspects: similarity of the tested compound to the training set and the consistency of experimental values for similar compounds. In this case the prediction is considered of moderate reliability since RI is equal to 0.51.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Read across from 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine predicted for the substance 2,4-Diamino-6-chloropyrimidine-3-oxide an acute LC50 to to fish (Pimephales promelas) equal to 290 mg/L. The prediction is considered of moderate reliability.
Executive summary:

Regulatory purpose: This study was designed to generate estimated in silico (nontesting) data for acute aquatic toxicity in fish for 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine to be used in the regulatory framework of REACH.

Approach for regulatory interpretation of the model result: ACD/Percepta predicted for 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine an acute LC50 to fish (Pimephales promelas) equal to 290 mg/L. The prediction is considered of moderate reliability.

Read across from 6-chloropyrimidine-2,4-diamine as supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate) of the substance 4-Diamino-6-chloropyrimidine-3-oxide is considered moderate reliable.