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Description of key information

LD50 oral > 2000 mg/kg.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From 24 April 2014 to 11 July 2014
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP study, OECD 423 compliant
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Remarks:
06 May 2013
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany.
- Age at study initiation: Young adult animals (approx. 8 weeks old) were selected.
- Weight at study initiation: 137 to 164 g. Body weight variation did not exceed +/- 20% of the sex mean.
- Fasting period before study: Animals were deprived of food overnight prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test substance. Water was available ad libitum.
- Housing: Group housing of 3 animals per cage in labeled Makrolon cages (MIV type; height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Lignocel S 8-15, JRS - J.Rettenmaier & Söhne GmbH + CO. KG, Rosenberg, Germany) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Free access to tap water.
- Acclimation period: Acclimatization period was at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18 to 24°C
- Humidity (%): 40 to 70%
- Air changes (per hr): at least 10 air changes/hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
propylene glycol
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE
Vehicle: Propylene glycol (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) (specific gravity 1.036)
Rationale: The vehicle was selected based on trial formulations performed at WIL Research Europe and on test substance data supplied by the sponsor.
Preparation: The formulations (w/w) were prepared within 4 hours prior to dosing. Homogeneity was accomplished to a visually acceptable level. Adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle. No correction was made for purity of the test substance.
Doses:
2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
3 females at 2000 mg/kg, twice.
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
OBSERVATIONS
Mortality/Viability: Twice daily.

Body weights: Days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15.

Clinical signs: At periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15. The symptoms were graded according to fixed scales and the time of onset, degree and duration were recorded:
Maximum grade 4: grading slight (1) to very severe (4)
Maximum grade 3: grading slight (1) to severe (3)
Maximum grade 1: presence is scored (1).

Necropsy: At the end of the observation period, all animals were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure and subjected to necropsy. Descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
other: Hunched posture and/or piloerection were noted for the animals between Days 1 and 3.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.
Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The oral LD50 value of Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.

According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.
Executive summary:

In a study (2014), Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) was administered by oral gavage to two subsequent groups of three female Wistar rats at 2000 mg/kg body weight. Animals were subjected to daily observations and weekly determination of body weight. Macroscopic examination was performed after terminal sacrifice (Day 15).

 

No mortality occurred.

Hunched posture and/or piloerection were noted for the animals between Days 1 and 3.

The body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be normal.

No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

 

The oral LD50 value of Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.

 

According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.

 

Based on these results, Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) does not have to be classified and has no mandatory labelling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011)(including all amendments)and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (including all amendments).

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Quality of whole database:
GLP study, OECD 423 compliant.

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

In a study (2014), Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) was administered by oral gavage to two subsequent groups of three female Wistar rats at 2000 mg/kg body weight. Animals were subjected to daily observations and weekly determination of body weight. Macroscopic examination was performed after terminal sacrifice (Day 15).

 

No mortality occurred.

Hunched posture and/or piloerection were noted for the animals between Days 1 and 3.

The body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be normal.

No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

 

The oral LD50 value of Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.

According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.


Justification for selection of acute toxicity – oral endpoint
Only one study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the results obtained in the OECD 423 study, Terephthalic acid, hexane-1,6-diamine (1:1) does not have to be classified and has no mandatory labelling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011) Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures.