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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
21 May - 24 May 1991
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
study well documented, meets generally accepted scientific principles, acceptable for assessment
Remarks:
GLP-Guideline study, tested with the source substance Fatty acids, C14-18 and C16-18-unsatd., esters with propylene glycol (CAS No. 84988-75-0). According to the ECHA guidance document “Practical guide 6: How to report read-across and categories (Dec 2012)”, the reliability was changed from RL1 to RL2 to reflect the fact that this study was conducted on a read-across substance.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1991
Report date:
1991

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Fatty acids, C14-18 and C16-18-unsatd., esters with propylene glycol
EC Number:
284-864-6
EC Name:
Fatty acids, C14-18 and C16-18-unsatd., esters with propylene glycol
Cas Number:
84988-75-0
Details on test material:
- Test Material: Fatty acids, C14-18 and C16-18 unsaturated, ester with propylene glycol
- Lot/batch No.: 0130 (from January 16, 1991)
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 1991-07-16
- Stability under test conditions: stable for at least 1.5 years
- Storage condition of test material: at room temperature

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
other: Kleinrussen, Chbb:HM
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Thomae, Biberach, Germany
- Age at study initiation: 4 months
- Weight at study initiation: 2370 g
- Housing: individually housed in cages (E. Becker & Co)
- Diet: Ssniff rabbit diet K4 Charge: 66029126 (Ssniff GmbH, Soest, Germany), ad libitum
- Water: tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 1 week

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20-25
- Humidity (%): 45-70
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: the untreated eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 h
Observation period (in vivo):
72 h
Reading time points: 1, 24, 48 and 72 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 male
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): the treated eye was rinsed with tepid tap water.
- Time after start of exposure: 24 h

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scoring system

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Cornea/ Iris: No effects on cornea/iris were observed in any animal during the study period.
Conjunctivae: After 1 and 24 h 2/3 animals showed slight erythema being fully reversible within 48 h.
Chemosis: In 1/3 animals slight chemosis was observed after 1 h being fully reversible within 24 h. No further edema formation was observed during the study period in any animal.
Other effects:
No further local or system effects were reported.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table 1. Results of eye irritation study.

Rabbit #

Time [h]

conjunctivae

 

iris

cornea

redness

swelling

1

1

0

0

0

0

24

0

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

0

72

0

0

0

0

average

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2

1

1

0

0

0

24

1

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

0

72

0

0

0

0

average

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

3

1

1

1

0

0

24

1

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

0

72

0

0

0

0

average

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

 

Time [h]

conjunctivae

 

iris

cornea

 

redness

swelling

 

 

average
score

1

0.67

0.33

0.00

0.00

24

0.67

0.00

0.00

0.00

48

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

72

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

24+48+72

0.22

0.00

0.00

0.00

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Cornea/ Iris: No effects on cornea/iris were observed in any animal during the study period.
Conjunctivae: After 1 and 24 h 2/3 animals showed slight erythema being fully reversible within 48 h.
Chemosis: In 1/3 animals slight chemosis was observed after 1 h being fully reversible within 24 h. No further edema formation was observed during the study period in any animal.
No further local or system effects were reported.
The test substance is determined to be not eye irritating.