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Physical & Chemical properties

Oxidising properties

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Description of key information

Read-across from lead tetroxide:

The read-across approach used falls under RAAF Scenario 2: analogue approach for which the hypothesis is based on different compounds with the same type of effect.

The absence of effects obtained in a study conducted with the source substance, lead tetroxide, is used to predict the same absence of effects that would be observed in a study with the target substance if it were to be conducted.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Oxidising properties:
non oxidising

Additional information

On the basis of read-across from lead tetroxide, together with long-term industrial handling experience, testing of

tetralead trioxide sulphate is not required, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex XI, Section 1.5: read-across of results and conclusion on classification for lead tetroxide to tetralead trioxide sulphate is justifiable, under RAAF scenario 2.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Tetralead trioxide sulphate does not require classification for oxidising properties based on a comparison of the oxidation states of the target substance and the source substance (orange lead), upon which testing has concluded the substance is "not oxidising".

A test according to EU Method A.17 was carried out on lead tetroxide (orange lead; Pb3O4) in 2005. From the test results it was concluded that orange lead does not exhibit oxidising properties.

In the sense of classification for supply and transport an oxidising solid is a solid which, while in itself not necessarily combustible, may - generally by yielding oxygen - cause or contribute to the combustion of other material. An oxidising agent is therefore normally found in one of its higher possible oxidation states.

In the test substance, the lead is present in two oxidation states +II and +IV. However, the lead in tetralead trioxide sulphate is only in the oxidation state +II and is thus intrinsically less oxidising. The substance also contains sulfur in the form of the sulfate ion, which is known to be only very weak as an oxidising agent, owing to the strength of the sulfur-oxygen bonds and the stability of the sulfate entity.

Therefore it is scientifically implausible that tetralead trioxide sulphate would exhibit oxidising properties sufficient for classification, considering the comparable compound Pb3O4 does not and is not classified as an oxidising solid on the basis of A.17 testing.

Furthermore, no oxidising properties have been observed throughout long-term industrial handling of the substance, and it is not classified for oxidising properties according to UN Transport regulations.

On the basis of read-across from lead tetroxide, together with long-term industrial handling experience, testing of tetralead trioxide sulphate is not required, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex VII, Section 7.13, Column 2 and Annex XI, Section 1.5: read-across of results and conclusion on classification for lead tetroxide to tetralead trioxide sulphate is justifiable, under RAAF scenario 2.