Registration Dossier

Administrative data

First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures
EYE CONTACT: Ensure that contact lenses are removed before rinsing eyes. Separate eyelids, wash the eyes thoroughly with water (15 min). Seek medical attention if irritation persists
INHALATION: Move person to fresh air. Seek medical attention.
SKIN CONTACT: Remove any contaminated clothing. Wash skin immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention if irritation persists.
INGESTION: Rinse mouth with water. Call for a doctor immediately.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Typical clinical manifestations of lead poisoning include weakness, irritability, asthenia, nausea, abdominal pain with constipation, and anaemia.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatments needed
Symptoms of poisoning may even occur after several hours; therefore medical observation for at least 48 hours after the accident is recommended.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents: CO2, powder or water spray. Fight larger fire with alcohol resistant foam. For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents: water with full jet.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
May give off toxic fumes in a fire, including lead fumes and oxides of sulphur. May continue to smoulder in the absence of oxygen , and may re-ignite if fresh surface exposed to air. Damp with water to prevent re-ignition.

Advice for fire fighters
Use respiratory protective equipment.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Avoid formation of dust. Wear suitable respiratory protective equipment. Keep away from ignition sources. See Section 8 for further details.

Environmental precautions
Do not allow to enter sewers / surface or ground water. In case of spillage to water course or public sewers inform responsible authorities.

Methods and materials for containment and clearing up
Arrange for recovery or disposal in suitable containers. Dispose contaminated material as hazardous waste. Ensure adequate ventilation.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling
Thorough dedusting. Ensure good ventilation/extraction at the workplace. Open and handle receptacle with care. May form an explosive dust/air mixture. Use only in explosion protected area. Keep ignition sources away - Do not smoke. Keep respiratory protective equipment available.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Keep container closed. Store in dry condition. Keep receptacle tightly sealed.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 2291
Shippingopen allclose all
Class:
6.1
Classification code:
T5
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
6.1, dead fish/dead tree
Special Provisions:
199, 274, 535

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
UN 2291
Shippingopen allclose all
Class:
6.1
Classification code:
T5
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
6.1, dead fish/dead tree
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
UN 2291
Proper shipping name and description:
LEAD COMPOUNDS, SOLUBLE, N.O.S. (trilead dioxide phosphonate, Sulfurous acid, lead salt, dibasic)
Chemical name:
trilead dioxide phosphonate, Sulfurous acid, lead salt, dibasic
Class:
6.1
Packaging group:
III
EmS code:
F-A, S-A
Labels:
6.1, dead fish/dead tree
Remarks
Marine pollutant = true

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
UN 2291
Proper shipping name and description:
LEAD COMPOUNDS, SOLUBLE, N.O.S. (trilead dioxide phosphonate, Sulfurous acid, lead salt, dibasic)
Chemical name:
trilead dioxide phosphonate, Sulfurous acid, lead salt, dibasic
Class:
6.1
Packaging group:
III
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

OELs - Lead and inorganic compounds (as Pb):

EU 0.15 mg/m³
Austria 0.1 mg/m³
Belgium 0.15 mg/m³
Denmark 0.05 mg/m³
Finland 0.1 mg/m³
France 0.1 mg/m³
Germany (AGS) 0.1 mg/m³
Ireland 0.15 mg/m³
Italy 0.15 mg/m³
Latvia 0.005 mg/m³
Poland 0.05 mg/m³
Spain 0.15 mg/m³
Sweden 0.1 mg/m³
Switzerland 0.1 mg/m³
UK 0.15 mg/m³

Biological action levels, inorganic lead:
EU 70 µg/dL (Binding Limit Value)
Germany 40 µg/dL
10 µg/dL (for woman, age below 45 years) [Suspended]
France 40 µg/dL
30 µg/dL µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)
Ireland 70 µg/dL
Spain 70 µg/dL
UK 60 µg/dL
30 µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)

DNELs for workers:

Exposure pattern: Long-term - systemic effects
Route: Systemic (µg lead /dL blood)
DNEL: 40 µg/dL - Adult neurological function;
10 µg/dL - Developmental effect on foetus of pregnant women

Ecological toxicity values

The following Predicted No Effect Concentrations (PNECs) were used to determine the
environmental risk:

Exposure pattern Route Descriptor
PNEC
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater PNEC (Predicted No Effect
Concentration) 3.1 µg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Marine PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration)
3.5 µg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect
Concentration) 174.0 mg Pb/kg dw1 / 41.0 mg Pb/kg dw2
Long-term – chronic effects Marine Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration)
164.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Soil PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration)
212.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Sewage Treatment Plant PNEC (Predicted No Effect
Concentration) 0.1 mg Pb/L
1: without bioavailability correction; 2: with bioavailability correction

Exposure controls

Organisational measures:

Personal Hygiene: Ensure workers follow simple hygiene rules (e.g. do not bite nails and keep them cut short, avoid touching or scratching face with dirty hands or gloves); Ensure workers do not wipe away sweat with hands or arms; Ensure workers use disposable tissues rather than a handkerchief; Prohibit drinking, eating and smoking in production areas, or access to eating and non-production areas in working clothes; Ensure workers wash hands, arms, faces and mouths (but preferably shower) and change into clean clothing before entering eating areas; For high exposure workplaces, separate rooms for cleaning hands, removal of clothes, showers and clean clothes may be necessary; Ensure workers handle dirty working clothes with care; Allow no personal belongings to be taken into production areas, or items that have been used in production areas to be taken home. Ensure general shop cleanliness is maintained by frequent washing/vacuuming. Clean every workplace at the end of every shift.

Blood lead monitoring: Set in place a certified monitoring regime which covers all site activities; Define a policy for submitting workers to regular blood lead monitoring, including increased frequency for workers undertaking high-risk jobs and workers with elevated blood lead levels; Ensure all workers have a blood test prior to working on site. Set an “action level” that is typically 5 µg/dL below the exposure limit deemed to be safe. If the action level is exceeded, appropriate measures are to be taken, to prevent further increases in blood lead. If the safe threshold is exceeded, continue or begin ban on overtime, ensure strict hygiene procedures are followed, undertake detailed inspections to ensure correct use of personal protective equipment, undertake detailed inspections to ensure recommended workplace procedures are followed, move employee to workplace where exposure is expected to be lower or remove from lead environment altogether, further increase blood lead sampling frequency, and continue frequent sampling until results are below the first action level.

Personal Protection Equipment
Respiratory protection: Suitable respiratory protective device recommended. In case of brief or low level exposure use dust mask or half mask with particle filter P2. Assess the need to wear respiratory protective equipment in production areas. Consider use effective masks accompanied by a compliance policy (ensure proper shaving; ensure workers do not remove RPE in production areas in order to communicate). Where masks are used, employ formal mask cleaning and filter changing strategies.

Hand Protection: Protective gloves. Material of gloves: Neoprene or Leather.

Eye protection: Safety glasses.

Skin protection: Wear protective work clothing. For workers in areas of significant exposure, provide sufficient working clothes to enable daily change into clean clothes. In such cases all work clothing should be cleaned by the employer on a daily basis and is not permitted to leave the work site.

Environmental Protection

One or more of the following measures may if necessary be taken to reduce emissions to water:
• Chemical precipitation: used primarily to remove the metal ions
• Sedimentation
• Filtration: used as final clarification step
• Electrolysis: for low metal concentration
• Reverse osmosis: extensively used for the removal of dissolved metals
• Ion exchange: final cleaning step in the removal of heavy metal from process wastewater

One or more of the following measures may if necessary be taken to reduce emissions to air:
• Electrostatic precipitators using wide electrode spacing: Wet electrostatic precipitators:
• Cyclones, but as primary collector Fabric or bag filters: high efficiency in controlling fine particulate (melting): achieve emission values Membrane filtration techniques can achieve
• Ceramic and metal mesh filters. PM10 particles are removed
• Wet scrubbers

Lead compound removal from treatment works should be at least the minimum default 84% removal used in the CSR. Solid material collected from on-site treatment must be sent for metal recovery or treated as hazardous waste. Waste water treatment sludge must be recycled, incinerated or landfilled and not used as agricultural fertiliser.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity
Sulphurous acid, lead salt, dibasic is not a reactive substance and no reactive hazards are expected.

Chemical stability
Expected to be stable under normal conditions of use.

Possibility of hazardous reactions
Risk of dust explosion.

Conditions to avoid
Avoid excessive exposure to heat.

Incompatible materials
Strong oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products
No decomposition if used as directed.

Disposal considerations

Dispose of in accordance with local regulations.