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Effects on fertility

Effect on fertility: via oral route
Dose descriptor:
75 mg/kg bw/day
Additional information

In a modified three-generation reproductive toxicity study, male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered neodecanoic acid at 0, 100, 500 and 1500 ppm (approximately 0, 5, 25 and 75 mg/kg-bw/day, respectively) in the diet. No adverse effects were observed on survival, appearance, behaviour, body-weight gain and food consumption in the parental, F1 or F2 generations. The reproductive performance of the parents was not affected. No treatment-related gross or microscopic pathological findings were observed at any of the dietary levels.

Effects on developmental toxicity

Effect on developmental toxicity: via oral route
Dose descriptor:
250 mg/kg bw/day
Additional information

In developmental toxicity study, pregnant rats, n=22 per dose, were treated by oral gavage to 50, 250, 600 or 800 mg/kg/day neoheptanoic acid, a substance similar in structure to neodecanoic acid, during gestation days 6-15. On gestation day 21, the dams were euthanized and the pups were examined for signs of developmental toxicity. Under the conditions of the experimental methods, the test material produced maternal toxicity at dose levels of 600 and 800 mg/kg with maternal lethality at 800 mg/kg. The test material was severely embryotoxic at 800 mg/kg with less than 20% of embryos surviving. Offspring of the 800 mg/kg group had reduced body weight, reduced crown-rump distance, displayed variations signifying delayed development, and a significant percentage (25%) were malformed. In the 600 mg/kg group, there was an increase number of dams with 3 or more resorptions. Offspring of the 600 mg/kg group displayed significant incidences of major (hydrocephalus) and minor (knobby or angular ribs, extra lumbar vertebrae) malformations but showed few signs of delayed development and were not runted. There was no statistically significant evidence of maternal toxicity at dose levels of 50 or 250 mg/kg. There was a slight, but not statistically significant, increase in embryonic resorption noted for the 250 mg/kg group. There was no statistically significant evidence of developmental toxicity at doses for 50 or 250 mg/kg. The NOAEL for maternal toxicity is 250 mg/kg and the NOAEL for developmental toxicity is 250 mg/kg. 

Justification for classification or non-classification

No classification for reproductive or developmental toxicity is indicated according to the general classification and labelling requirements for dangerous substances and preparations (Directive 67-548-EEC) or the classification, labelling and packaging (CLP) regulation (EC) No 1272/2008.