Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Long-term toxicity to fish

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

freshwater:
Data on 7 species available. Species NOECs range between 0.044 and 0.530 mg Zn/l (dissolved concentrations)
Marine:
Data on 1 species available. NOEC = 0.025 mg Zn/l (dissolved concentrations)
Species NOECs have been put into the respective species sensitivity distributions.
For ZnO nano form, only one study is of good quality but only compares ZnO bulk and zinc ion at one dose for control and the concentrations are nominal.

Additionally, it gives unbound NOECs. It concludes though that ZnO bulk and ionic form of zinc are more toxic at equal dose. No value is retained for long-term toxicity in fish.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Extensive high quality chronic data were available on 7 (freshwater) and 1 (marine) fish species. These data were all screened for relevancy to the environment under study.

The freshwater species are part of 4 families: Cyprinodontidae (Jordanella), Cyprinidae (Phoxinus, Pimephales), Salmonidae (Oncorrhynchus, Salvelinus, Salmo trutta) and Cottidae (Cottus). The sensitivity of these species is equally distributed over the species sensitivity distribution. The fish species NOECs are combined with the other freshwater chronic data in the SSD to give the HC5 from which the PNEC is derived.

The saltwater species comes from the family Clupeidae (Clupea harengus). This species is not among the most sensitive ones in the species sensitivity distribution. The fish species NOEC is combined with the other marine chronic data in the SSD to give the HC5 from which the PNEC saltwater is derived.