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Toxicological information

Toxicity to reproduction

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
screening for reproductive / developmental toxicity
Remarks:
based on test type (migrated information)
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
17 Feb - 07 April 2010
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
GLP - Guideline study, tested with the source substance Glycerides, C8-18 and C18-unsatd. mono- and di-, acetates (CAS 91052-13-0). According to the ECHA guidance document "Practical guide 6: How to report read-across and categories (ECHA, 2012)", the reliability was changed from RL1 to RL2 to reflect the fact that this study was conducted on a read-across substance.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 422 (Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): only trade name given
- Physical state: light yellow transparent oily liquid
- Batch: H113021
- Purity: 100%
- Storage conditions: at room temperature in the dark
- Stability under storage: stable
- Expiry date: November 2010
- Density: 0.944

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Crl:WI(Han) (outbred, SPF-Quality)
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Laboratories France, L'Arbresle Cedex, France
- Age at study initiation: approximately 12 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 277-353 g (males), 180-228 g (females)
- Housing : 5 animals/sex/cage in Macrolon cages (MIV type, height 18 cm). This was also applicable for Main females and Recovery animals throughout the complete treatment period. Sterilised sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom) were supplied.
- Diet: pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany), ad libitum
- Water: tap-water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21 ± 3 (actual range: 19.7-21.9)
- Humidity (%): 40-70 (actual range: 22-71)
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

This species and strain of rat has been recognized as appropriate for general and reproduction toxicity studies. The testing laboratory has general and reproduction/developmental historical data in this species from the same strain and source. This animal model has been proven to be susceptible to the effects of reproductive toxicants.

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
polyethylene glycol
Details on exposure:
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS:
Formulations (w/w) were prepared daily within 6h prior to dosing and were homogenized to a visually acceptable level.
Adjustment was made for the density of the test substance (0.944), and the specific gravity of the vehicle (1.125).

VEHICLE
- Justification for use and choice of vehicle (if other than water): Based on trial formulations performed at the testing laboratory.
- Purity: polyethylene glycol 400, specific gravity 1.125 (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany)

Dose volume: 5 mL/kg bw
Details on mating procedure:
- M/F ratio per cage: 1/1
- Length of cohabitation: max. 14 days
- Proof of pregnancy: evidence of sperm in the vaginal lavage, by staging of the estrous cycle and/or by the appearance of an intravaginal copulatory plug referred to as Day 0 of pregnancy
- After successful mating each pregnant female was caged individually in Macrolon cages (MIII type).

Following a minimum of 14 days of exposure for the males and females, one Repro female was cohabitated with one Main male of the same treatment group, avoiding sibling mating (Charles River supplied non-litter mates). Detection of mating was not confirmed for animal no. 98 which did deliver. The mating date of this animal was estimated at 21 days prior to the actual delivery date. This day was designated Day 0 post-coitum. Once mating had occurred, the males and females were separated. A maximum of 14 days was allowed for mating. After 14 days of mating, females who had not shown evidence of mating were separated from their males.
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
yes
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
Chemical analyses of formulations were conducted once during the study to assess accuracy, homogeneity and stability. Samples of formulations were analysed for homogeneity (highest and lowest concentration) and accuracy of preparation (all concentrations). Stability in vehicle over 6h at room temperature was also determined (highest and lowest concentration).
The accuracy of preparation was considered acceptable if the mean measured concentrations were 85-115% for suspensions. Homogeneity was demonstrated if the coefficient of variation was ≤10%. Formulations were considered stable if the relative difference before and after storage was maximally 10%.
The concentrations analysed in the formulations of Group 2, Group 3 and Group 4 were in agreement with target concentrations (i.e. mean accuracies between 85% and 115%). The formulations of Group 2 and Group 4 were homogeneous (i.e. coefficient of variation ≤10%) and formulations at the entire range were stable when stored at room temperature for at least 6h.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
41-49 days,
i.e. during 2 weeks prior to mating, during mating, during post-coitum, and during at least 4 days of lactation.
Frequency of treatment:
daily, 7 days/week
Details on study schedule:
Offspring were euthanized at the age of 4 days.
Doses / concentrations
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg bw/day
Basis:
actual ingested
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Details on study design:
- Dose selection rationale: Based on the results of a 10-day dose range finding study

Examinations

Parental animals: Observations and examinations:
Male number paired with, mating date, confirmation of pregnancy, and delivery day were recorded.
Pregnant females were examined to detect signs of difficult or prolonged parturition, and cage debris of these females was examined to detect signs of abortion or premature birth. Any deficiencies in maternal care (such as inadequate construction or cleaning of the nest, pups left scattered and cold, physical abuse of pups or apparently inadequate lactation or feeding) were examined.

CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes

DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: Yes:

BODY WEIGHT: Yes

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND: Yes

for further details see Section 7.5.1
Oestrous cyclicity (parental animals):
Uterus epithelium was analysed histologically for estrus, proestrus and cystic endometrial glands.
Sperm parameters (parental animals):
Parameters examined in [all/P/F1/F2] male parental generations: testis weight, epididymis weight, histology of testes
Of the first 5 Main males of the control and high dose group, additional slides of the testes were prepared to examine staging of spermatogenesis.
The testes were processed, sectioned at 3-4 micrometers, and stained with PAS/haematoxylin.
Litter observations:
On Day 1 of lactation, all pups were randomized per litter and individually identified by means of subcutaneous injection of Indian ink.
Each litter was examined to determine the following, if practically possible:
Mortality / Viability: The numbers of live and dead pups on Day 1 of lactation and daily thereafter were determined. If possible, defects or cause of death were evaluated.
Clinical signs: At least once daily, detailed clinical observations were made in all animals.
Body weights: Live pups were weighed on Days 1 and 4 of lactation.
Sex: Sex was determined for all pups on Days 1 and 4 of lactation.
Postmortem examinations (parental animals):
SACRIFICE
- Maternal animals which delivered: on lactation Day 5
- Maternal animals which failed to deliver (4 animals): Post-coitum Day 26 (females with evidence of mating) or approximately 21 days after the last day of the mating period (females without evidence of mating).

GROSS NECROPSY
- Gross necropsy consisted of: see details under 7.5.1
The numbers of former implantation sites and corpora lutea were recorded for all paired females.

HISTOPATHOLOGY / ORGAN WEIGHTS
see details under 7.5.1
Postmortem examinations (offspring):
SACRIFICE
- Pups surviving to planned termination were killed by decapitation on lactation Day 5.

All pups were sexed and descriptions of all external abnormalities were recorded. The stomach was examined for the presence of milk. If possible, defects or cause of death were evaluated. Any abnormal pup, organ or tissue as well as pups from females that were killed in extremis were preserved in 10% buffered formalin for possible further examination.
Statistics:
See Section 7.5.1
Reproductive indices:
For each group the following calculations were performed:
- Mating (%): Number of females mated/Number of females paired x 100
- Fertility index (%): Number of pregnant females/Number of females paired x 100
- Conception index (%): Number of pregnant females/Number of females mated x 100
- Gestation index (%): Number of females bearing live pups/Number of pregnant females x 100
- Duration of gestation: Number of days between confirmation of mating and the beginning of parturition
- Percentage live males at First Litter Check: Number of live male pups at First Litter Check/ Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Percentage live females at First Litter Check: Number of live female pups at First Litter Check/Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Percentage of postnatal loss Days 0-4 of lactation: Number of dead pups on Day 4 of lactation/Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Viability index (%): Number of live pups on Day 4 of lactation/Number of pups born alive x 100
Offspring viability indices:
For each group the following calculations were performed:
- Percentage live males at First Litter Check: Number of live male pups at First Litter Check/ Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Percentage live females at First Litter Check: Number of live female pups at First Litter Check/Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Percentage of postnatal loss Days 0-4 of lactation: Number of dead pups on Day 4 of lactation/Number of live pups at First Litter Check x 100
- Viability index (%): Number of live pups on Day 4 of lactation/Number of pups born alive x 100

Results and discussion

Results: P0 (first parental animals)

General toxicity (P0)

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
no effects observed
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Other effects:
not specified

Reproductive function / performance (P0)

Reproductive function: oestrous cycle:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
as found by histological examination of uterus
Reproductive function: sperm measures:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
as found by histological examination of testes
Reproductive performance:
no effects observed

Details on results (P0)

REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION: SPERM MEASURES (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
The assessment of the integrity of the spermatogenetic cycle did not provide any evidence of impaired spermatogenesis, as explored by histological examination of testes.

REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION: ESTROUS CYCLE (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
Histological examination of the uterus epithelium and endometrial glands did not reveal any treatment related influences on estrous cycle.

REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
No treatment related effects on reproductive parameters were noted.
The mating, fertility and conception indices, precoital time, and number of corpora lutea and implantation sites were unaffected by treatment.

ORGAN WEIGHTS (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
No treatment-related effects observed.

GROSS PATHOLOGY (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
No treatment-related effects observed.

HISTOPATHOLOGY (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
No treatment-related effects observed.

For further details see 7.5.1

Effect levels (P0)

Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Remarks:
parental fertility
Effect level:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: see 'Remark'

Results: F1 generation

General toxicity (F1)

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality / viability:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Sexual maturation:
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not examined
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings:
no effects observed

Details on results (F1)

Number of pups: 432
No toxicologically relevant effects on gestation index and duration, parturition, maternal care and early postnatal pup development (mortality, clinical signs, body weight and macroscopy) were observed.

Overall reproductive toxicity

Reproductive effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion