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PBT assessment

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PBT assessment: overall result

PBT status:
the substance is PBT / vPvB

Following a decision of the Executive Director of ECHA (Doc: EC/68/2009), dated 22 December 2009, the substance anthracene oil (EC No.: 292-602-7, CAS No.: 90640-80-5) is included in the Candidate List of Substances for eventual inclusion in REACH Annex XIV. This decision entered into force on 13 January 2010.

From this date on, anthracene oil is identified as substance of very high concern based on its carcinogenic and PBT/vPvB properties.

A detailed justification for the identification of anthracene oil as CMR, PBT, and vPvB substance is presented in the SVHC Support document, prepared by ECHA and dated 2 December 2009 (URL: The summary at the beginning of this document describes the reasons for identification of anthracene oil as substance of very high concern and is quoted here as justification for the PBT status of anthracene oil.


Start of the excerpt from the SVHC support document


Summary of how the substance meets the CMR (Cat 1 or 2), PBT or vPvB criteria, or is considered to be a substance of an equivalent level of concern


Anthracene oil is a UVCB substance consisting of different constituents, among them various PAH. One relevant constituent is anthracene which is present in anthracene oil in the range of 3-25%. Anthracene has been placed on the Candidate List due to the identification as a PBT-substance. Moreover, anthracene oil consists of further PAH in concentrations above 0.1% (w/w) such as phenanthrene (10-35%), fluoranthene (2-15%) and pyrene (1-10%). These three PAH fulfil the vPvB criteria, and fluoranthene and pyrene also fulfil the PBT criteria.


Hence, anthracene oil fulfils the PBT and the vPvB criteria according to article 57 d) and e) of the REACH regulation.


In addition, according to Annex VI, part 3, Table 3.2 of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 the classification as carcinogen (Carc. Cat.2, R45)* must be applied to anthracene oil unless it can be shown that the substance contains less than 0.005 % w/w benzo[a]pyrene (EINECS No 200-028-5).


Hence, anthracene oil is a substance meeting the criteria for identification as a carcinogen according Article 57(a) of the REACH Regulation where the conditions for its classification as a carcinogen set out in Annex VI, part 3, Table 3.2 of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 have been met.


Registration number(s) of the substance or of substances containing the substance:

Not available.


* This corresponds to a classification Carc. 1B; H350 in Annex VI, part 3, Table 3.1 of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008.


End of the excerpt