Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Manufacture, use & exposure

Formulation

Documentsopen allclose all

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation of preparations
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation in materials
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer of substance or preparation into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Name of activity / technique:
Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Name of activity / technique:
Using material as fuel sources, limited exposure to unburned product to be expected
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Name of activity / technique:
Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 0: Other: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation of preparations
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation in materials
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer of substance or preparation into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Name of activity / technique:
Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 27: Plant protection products
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 30: Photo-chemicals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 33: Semiconductors
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation into a mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Receipt of bulk raw materials; solids and liquids
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Receipt of packaged raw materials; solids and liquids
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Storage of raw materials
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material assembly and charging; pipeline from bulk storage
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Raw material assembly and charging; manually from bulk storage or packaged goods
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Blending/dissolving/dispersion/mixing/milling in closed system; no sampling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Blending/dissolving/dispersion/mixing/milling in continuous closed process; including sampling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Blending/dissolving/dispersion/mixing/milling in closed batch process; including sampling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Blending/dissolving/dispersion/mixing/milling in open process; including sampling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Filtering or sieving and filling in enclosed process; dedicated lines
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Filtering or sieving and filling in open process; dedicated lines
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Equipment cleaning in enclosed process; in-situ
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Equipment cleaning in enclosed process; offline
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Equipment cleaning in open process; in-situ
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Equipment cleaning in open process; offline
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Waste management; offline transfer of process wastes to storage containers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Storage of waste prior to removal for off-site management
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance of manufacturing equipment; opening of equipment and pipework containing chemicals for repair
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning of manufacturing equipment for maintenance purposes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Laboratory quality control procedures
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 18: Ink and toners
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Use of Al oxide for the formulation of ctalysts and catalyst precursors - Discharge to fresh water via municipal sewage treatment plant
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Use of Al oxide for the formulation of ctalysts and catalyst precursors - - Direct discharge to fresh water
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Name of activity / technique:
Use of Al oxide for the formulation of ctalysts and catalyst precursors -s - Direct discharge to marine water
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation of powdered catalysts or shaped catalysts from powdered raw materials
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation of shaped catalysts from shaped raw materials and regeneration of shaped catalysts
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category formulated:
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 0: Other: UCN P15500
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 5 - <= 21 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 12 - <= 28 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 21-34 nm; D50~71-114; D90~171-265nm, measured by TEM
Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
> 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 47 - <= 63 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 6 - <= 10 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 8 - <= 15 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-114; D90~130-265 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
>= 50 - <= 120 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 6 - <= 14 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 9 - <= 17 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON PARTICLE SIZE of AGGREGATES/AGGLOMERATES:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-93; D90~130-202 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 70 - <= 90 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
PROC 18: General greasing / lubrication at high kinetic energy conditions
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category formulated:
PC 0: Other: UCN code P15500
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 0: Other: Catalysts
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation of preparations
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Use in closed process, no likelihood of exposure
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Use in closed, continuous process with occasional controlled exposure
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Use in batch and other process (synthesis) where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Name of activity / technique:
Mixing or blending in batch processes for formulation of preparations and articles (multistage and/or significant contact)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer of substance or preparation into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Name of activity / technique:
Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Name of activity / technique:
Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 0: Other: intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 0: Other: Air separationa agents, catalysts
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8e: Widespread use of reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of catalyst for use in industry
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Production of catalyst for use in industry
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Insignificant exposure via the following route:
oral
Pattern of exposure:
accidental / infrequent

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 1 (FA51)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 5 - <= 21 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 12 - <= 28 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 21-34 nm; D50~71-114; D90~171-265nm, measured by TEM
Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
> 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 47 - <= 63 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 2 (FA81)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 6 - <= 10 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 8 - <= 15 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON AGGLOMERATION / AGGREGATION:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-114; D90~130-265 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
>= 50 - <= 120 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Name:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
LE_Composition Aluminium oxide 3 (FA100)
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
other: 3-dimensional branched fractal aggregates
Pure shape:
yes
Range:
>= 99 - <= 100 %
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 4 - <= 12 nm
Percentile:
D50
Range:
>= 6 - <= 14 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 9 - <= 17 nm
Additional information:
Fumed Alumina (FA) is produced by the thermal (pyrogenic alumina) process. In the initial particle formation step, primary particles with dimensions below 100 nm are formed by growth of FA monomers. Within a short time (milliseconds), these primary particles covalently bond to form indivisible units, called aggregates, which have no physical boundaries among the primary particles. These aggregates have external dimensions that are distributional in nature with some fraction below 100 nm. Once aggregates are formed, the primary particles have lost their identity - they are not discrete and do not have defined physical boundaries among each other. The aggregates combine to form agglomerates by attraction forces (van der Waals and H-bridges). The agglomerates are in the micron size range.

Our current understanding of how to interpret the word “particle” under EU REACH nanomaterial definition is that “constituent” particles are the primary particles forming the aggregate [“aggregate” means a particle comprising of strongly bound or fused particles]. The particle size to be reported in the nanoform characterizer section of the IUCLID dossier is therefore the “theoretical” primary particle size although the “particle” considered relevant for assessing the safety of the substance is the smallest indivisible unit, i.e. the aggregate.

INFORMATION ON PARTICLE SIZE of AGGREGATES/AGGLOMERATES:
Aggregates:
D10~ 20-34 nm; D50~57-93; D90~130-202 measured by TEM

Agglomerates:
D10~ 1.78-3.12um; D50~2.69-6.64um; D90~11.73-23.90um measured by Dry Microtrac DLS
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 50 - <= 100 %
Structure:
partially-crystalline
Name:
complex structure due to a mixture of amorphous and crystalline phases. The phase composition is a mixture of amorphous, Theta, Delta, and Gamma phases with amorphous ca. 24%, theta ca. 57%, delta ca. 20%, and traces of gamma
Pure structure:
no
Range:
>= 55 - <= 77 %
Crystal system:
orthorhombic
tetragonal
trigonal
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Description:
The alpha phase is controlled to be < 0.1 %. Note: Amorphous content includes various early transition alumina species that are difficult to characterize with X-ray diffraction
Range of specific surface area:
> 70 - <= 90 m²/g
Skeletal density:
ca. 3.6 g/L
Surface treatment applied:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 3: Air care products
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category formulated:
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use not assessed

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 25: Metal working fluids
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 11: Explosives
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Formulation
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 9c: Finger paints
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Product category formulated:
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 37: Water treatment chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Aluminium oxide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Aluminium oxide
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Foundry Chemical Industry Manufacturing of coatings/parting agents
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Foundry Chemical Industry Manufacturing of coatings/parting agents
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category formulated:
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use not assessed

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8d: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 27: Plant protection products
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 30: Photo-chemicals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 33: Semiconductors
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 0: Other: Chemical reagents
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 27: Plant protection products
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 30: Photo-chemicals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 33: Semiconductors
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Product category formulated:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 0: Other: Electric insulators, Advanced ceramics
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 20: Use of functional fluids in small devices
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 12: Fertilisers
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 16: Heat transfer fluids
PC 17: Hydraulic fluids
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 25: Metal working fluids
PC 27: Plant protection products
PC 29: Pharmaceuticals
PC 30: Photo-chemicals
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 33: Semiconductors
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 16: Use of fuels
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
PC 0: Other: other: K35000, K35120
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category formulated:
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 26: Paper and board treatment products
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, and impregnating products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture

Formulation

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent