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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: inhalation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: inhalation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1978
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Basic data given: comparable to guidelines

Data source

Referenceopen allclose all

Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1978
Report Date:
1978
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Toxikologische Prüfungen von Aerosolen im Tierexperiment
Author:
Sachsse K, Ullmann L, Zbinden K
Year:
1976
Bibliographic source:
Chemische Rundschau 29, Nr. 38, 1-4
Report Date:
1976
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Measurement of inhalation toxicity of aerosols in small laboratory animals
Author:
Sachsse K, Ullmann L, Voss G, Hess R
Year:
1973
Bibliographic source:
In: Proceedings of the European Society for the Study of Drug Toxicity held in Zurich, 15, 239-251
Report Date:
1973

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 403 (Acute Inhalation Toxicity)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
: 10 hrs light cycle, some exposure data are missing (e.g. MMAD (not calculated), equilibration period)
GLP compliance:
no
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Tif: RAIf (SPF)
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: in house breeding, SPF breeding colony
- Weight at study initiation: 170 - 190 g
- Housing: in Macrolon cages (type 4) in groups of 10, males and females separated
- Diet: NAFAG (Gossau SG, Switzerland), ad libitum
- Water: ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 4 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22+/-1
- Humidity (%): 55+/-5
- Photoperiod: 10 hrs light cycle day

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
inhalation: aerosol
Type of inhalation exposure:
nose only
Vehicle:
other: unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on inhalation exposure:
GENERATION OF TEST ATMOSPHERE / CHAMBER DESCRIPTION
- Exposure apparatus: inhalation cylinder
- Method of holding animals in test chamber: seperate PVC tubes
- System of generating aerosols: Injecting the solid material with the help of "Grafix Exactometer injector" into an air stream which was discharged into the exposure chamber through a nozzle under a pressure of 2 atm. at a rate of 20 L/min.
- Method of particle size determination: gravimetrically
- Temperature, humidity, oxygen: 24 °C, 38%, 20 Vol.%

TEST ATMOSPHERE
- Brief description of analytical method used: Concentration was determined gravimetrically by sampling the test atmosphere through a selectron filter of 50 mm diameter and with a pore size of 0.2 µm (Schleicher and Schuell, Feldbach, Switzerland) at an air flow rate of 10 L/min. The size distribution of the particles was measured with a Cascade Impactor with selectron filters of 25 mm diameter and with pore size of 0.2 µm (Schleicher and Schuell, Feldbach, Switzerland) at an air flow rate of 17.5 L/min.
- Samples taken from breathing zone: yes

TEST ATMOSPHERE (if not tabulated)
- Particle size distribution: < 1 µm to > 7 µm
- MMAD (Mass median aerodynamic diameter) / GSD (Geometric st. dev.): not calculated
Analytical verification of test atmosphere concentrations:
yes
Remarks:
: gravimetric measurement
Duration of exposure:
4 h
Concentrations:
4250 (+/-128) mg/m³
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
> 4 250 mg/m³ air (analytical)
Exp. duration:
4 h
Remarks on result:
other: no animals died within the 14 day observation period
Mortality:
- no death occurred
Clinical signs:
- within 3 to 4 hours after starting the exposure period rats showed dyspnoea, curved or ventral position and ruffled fur
- recovery within 4 days
Gross pathology:
- no macroscopically visible changes were found

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: other: CLP regulation
Conclusions:
Exposure of male and female rats to 4250 mg/m³ test item for 4 hours did not result in the death of the animals during a 14 day observation period, resulting in a LC50 value of > 4250 mg/m³.
Executive summary:

Acute inhalation toxicity of the test item has been investigated in male and female Tif: RAIf (SPF) rats (10 per sex). They were exposed to 4250 mg test substance per cubic meter for 4 h (maximal applicable dose). All animals survived the 14 day observation period. No macroscopic visible changes were observed at necropsy at the end of the observation period, resulting in a LC50 value of > 4250 mg/m³ (4.25 mg/L) for the inhalation of aerosol.

Classification for acute inhalation toxicity is not necessary according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 .