Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Additional toxicological data

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
additional toxicological information
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: basic information given

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1986

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Results and discussion

Any other information on results incl. tables

The permeability of human skin to benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, and n-hexane was studied using excised skin in a flow-through diffusion cell. The rate of resorption was determined by measuring the amount of substance found in the receptor fluid beneath the skin at steady-state. The rates of resorption (ug x cm-2 x hr-1) were: benzene 99, ethylene glycol 118, formaldehyde from a concentrated solution of formalin 319, formaldehyde from a solution of 10% formalin in phosphate buffer 16.7, and n-hexane 0.83. The amount of substance in the skin at steady-state and after 0.5 hr of exposure was also determined. For all substances, the sum of the amount in the receptor medium and in the skin at steadystate, were larger than the amount obtained by multiplying the resorption rate by the time of exposure. For benzene, ethylene glycol and n-hexane the amount absorbed during the first half-hour of exposure was considerable larger than the amount resorbed during a same unit of time at steady-state. These data call attention to the fact that the absorption rate is higher before steady state is attained.

Applicant's summary and conclusion