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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Short-term EC50 or LC50 for terrestrial plants:
52.5 mg/kg soil dw

Additional information

Xanthates are used as defoliants, herbicides and fungicides in agriculture ( www.primayinfo.com/industry/xanthate.htm)

Potassium ethyl xanthate (CAS# 140-89-6) is used as herbicide and defoliant (PAM Pesticide Database, San Francisco, CA, 2009)

Sodium isopropyl xanthate (CAS# 140-93-2) is used for control of annual weeds in bean and pea fields (Aslchem International Inc. Richmont , BC, Canada)and is used as herbicide and defoliant (Gosselin R.E. et all, 1976, Clinical Toxicology of Commercial products, II-211)

Carbon disulfide (CAS# 75 -15 -0) toxicity to germination of maize and wheat:

Exposure period: 1 day,.

Result: NOEC = 250 mg/dm3of CS2(Courbevoie; UCLID Dataset , Carbon disulfide, 2000 European Chemicals Bureau)