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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Protocols and results reviewed and accepted by the National Toxicology Program's Board of Scientific Counselor's Technical Reports Review Subcommittee, USA National Institutes of Health

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1998
Report Date:
1998

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
EPA OTS 798.5265 (The Salmonella typhimurium Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test)
Deviations:
not specified
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): sodium xylene sulfonate- Molecular formula (if other than submission substance): no data- Molecular weight (if other than submission substance): no data- Substance type: organic- Physical state: powder- Analytical purity: 65% (11.5% ortho, 38% meta, 15.5% para)- Impurities (identity and concentrations): not identified from NMR Spectrum provided- Composition of test material, percentage of components: (11.5% ortho, 38% meta, 15.5% para)- Purity test date: February 13, 1986- Lot/batch No.: RO92085 / 03- Expiration date of the lot/batch: no data- Stability under test conditions: stable - Storage condition of test material: glass bottles with Teflon lined caps or double bagged in metal drums at room temperature in the dark- Other:

Method

Target gene:
Histidine independent mutant colonies of Salmonella typhimurium
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not specified
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
rat S9 and hamster S9
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
100, 333, 1000, 3333 and 10000 microgram active ingredient/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: buffer
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene, sodium azide, 4-niro-o-phenylenediamine, nad 9-aminoacridine
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)DURATION- Preincubation period: no data- Exposure duration: 2 days- Expression time (cells in growth medium): - Selection time (if incubation with a selection agent): - Fixation time (start of exposure up to fixation or harvest of cells): SELECTION AGENT (mutation assays): SPINDLE INHIBITOR (cytogenetic assays): STAIN (for cytogenetic assays): NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS: triplicates and entire trial repeated onceNUMBER OF CELLS EVALUATED: histidine independent coloniesDETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY - Method: mitotic index; cloning efficiency; relative total growth; other:OTHER EXAMINATIONS: - Determination of polyploidy: - Determination of endoreplication: - Other: OTHER:
Evaluation criteria:
positive response defined as reproducible, dose-related increase in histidine-independent (revertant) colonies in any one strain/activation combination. An equivocal response is defined as an increase in revertants that is not dose-related, is not reproducible, or is of insufficient magnitude to support a determination of mutagenicity.

Results and discussion

Test results
Key result
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):negativeTest substance is not mutagenic