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EC number: 244-492-7 | CAS number: 21645-51-2
Ichinose et al. (2008) studied allergic inflammation after intratracheal instillation of Asian sand dust,sand dust, amorphous silica and Al2O3in 6-week old male ICR mice. Four instillations were performed at 2-week intervals. There were ten groups of animals (n=16 in each). One of these groups received Al2O3(particle size 1~5 µm), a dose of 0.1 mg suspended in saline. The control group received saline only (0.1 mL). The animals were killed one day after the last instillation. Eight out of 16 animals in each group were used for pathologic examination. The lung samples were stained with haematoxylin and eosin to evaluate the degree of infiltration of eosinophils or lymphocytes in the airways, and with periodic acid-shiff to evaluate the degree of proliferation of goblet cells in the bronchial epithelium. The other 8 mice were used for examination of free cell counts (total and differential), determination of levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cytokines (Interleukins – IL-5, IL-6, IL-12, IL-13, interferon-IFN-gand tumor necrosis factor- TNF-a) and chemokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF), and also total IgE in serum using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). In the group of mice exposed to Al2O3, the levels of eosinophil and lymphocyte infiltration in the submucosa and proliferation of goblet cells in the airways, the level of LDH, chemokines and interleukins, number of cells in BALF and the level of IgE in serum were not significantly different from those in the control mice. The results suggest that intratracheal administration of Al2O3does not produce allergic inflammatory effects in the lungs of mice.
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