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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

1. Preamble1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document2. Warning before intervention2.1 Spillage make surfaces slippery3. Inhalation3.1. At ambient temperature inhalation is unlikely because of the low vapour pressure of the substance.3.2. Symptoms: none expected at ambient temperature. Inhalation of fumes or oil mists produced at high temperatures may cause irritation of the respiratory tract.3.3. In case of symptoms arising from inhalation of fumes or mists or vapours: Remove casualty to a quiet and well ventilated place if safe to do so3.4. If casualty is unconscious and:- Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.- Breathing – place in the recovery position. Administer oxygen if necessary. 3.5. Obtain medical assistance if breathing remains difficult.4. Skin Contact4.1. Symptoms: dry skin, irritation in case of repeated or prolonged exposure. May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature.4.2. Remove contaminated clothing and footwear and dispose of safely.4.3. Wash affected area thoroughly with soap and water.4.4. Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists4.5. For minor thermal burns: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. However, body hypothermia must be avoided.4.6. Do not put ice on the burn; Remove non-sticking garments carefully. DO NOT attempt to remove portions of clothing glued to burnt skin but cut round them. 4.7. Seek medical attention in all cases of serious burns 5. Eye Contact5.1. Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific). May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature5.2. Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing.5.3. If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical advice from a specialist5.4. If hot product is splashed into the eye, it should be cooled immediately to dissipate heat, under cold running water. Immediately obtain specialist medical assessment and treatment for the casualty.6. Ingestion6.1. Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.6.2. Do not induce vomiting. Ask for medical assistance6.3. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person

Fire-fighting measures

1. Extinguishing Media - Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)- Water fog (Specifically trained personnel only)- Dry chemical powder- Carbon dioxide- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)- Sand or earth2. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media2.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.2.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.3. Combustion Products3.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.4. Protective Equipment for Firefighters4.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

1. Product-specific hazards and other issues: 1.1. Spillages of product in dust form may create a fire hazard and form an explosive atmosphere2. General information2.1. Stop or contain leak at the source, if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material.2.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel. Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency2.3. It is recommended to eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares).2.4. If required, notify relevant authorities according to applicable regulations.3. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders3.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant material, if necessary heat-resistant and insulated.3.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, if necessary heat-resistant and insulated. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.3.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots, if necessary heat-resistant.3.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.3.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with combined dust/organic vapour filter(s), or a Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.4. Spillages onto land 4.1. Product in molten form: prevent product from entering sewers, rivers or other bodies of water. Note: solidified product may clog drains and sewers.4.2. If necessary dike the product with earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials. Let the material cool naturally.4.3. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation. In case of solid product (e.g. flakes), avoid the generation and spreading of dust.4.4. Collect solidified product with suitable mechanical means (e.g. shovels). Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal. 5. Spillages on water or at sea5.1. In case of spillages in the water, the product will cool down rapidly and become solid, floating on the surface. Contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect by skimming or other suitable mechanical means5.2. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.5.3. Collect recovered product and other materials in suitable containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal.6. Additional information6.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.

Handling and storage

1. General Information1.1. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding handling and storage facilities of combustible products are followed.1.2. It is recommended to keep away from sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.1.3. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.1.4. Avoid contact with the hot product.1.5. Avoid release to the environment.2. Handling2.1. Avoid splash filling of bulk volumes when handling hot liquid product.2.2. Precautions should be taken to avoid skin burns when handling hot product.2.3. Avoid breathing dust/fume/vapours.2.4. Prevent the risk of slipping.2.5. Use personal protective equipment as required. For more information regarding protective equipment see section "Exposure controls/personal protection".3. Storage3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.3.2. Protect drains from spills and prevent entry of molten material, since this may result in blockage on cooling.3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations. 3.4. Store separately from oxidising agents.4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage4.1. Recommended materials: Liquid product: for containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel. Solid product: pressboard boxes.4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer. 5. Container AdviceIf the product is supplied in containers:5.1. Keep only in the original container or in a suitable container for this kind of product. 5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled.5.3. Empty containers may contain combustible product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or perform similar operations on or near containers unless they have been properly cleaned. 6. Hygiene measures6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplaces and should never be kept inside the pockets.6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using this product6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3257. See Additional transport information 02.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 02.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.Petroleum wax. See Additional transport information 03.
Language:
English
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Classification code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.M9
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.III
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Mark for elevated temperature substances. See Additional transport information 04.
Remarks:
None.Hazard identification number (HIN) 99, UK Emergency action code (EAC) 2Y. Tunnel restriction code: D (Note: ADR requirement only).

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. See Additional transport information 01, 06.UN 3257. See Additional transport information 02, 06.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 02.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.Petroleum wax. See Additional transport information 03.
Language:
English
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Classification code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.M9
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.III
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Mark for elevated temperature substances. See Additional transport information 04.
Remarks
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.None.

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3257. See Additional transport information 02.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 02.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.Petroleum wax. See Additional transport information 03.
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.III
EmS code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.F-A, S-P
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Mark for elevated temperature substances. See Additional transport information 04.
Remarks
NoneNone

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3257. See Additional transport information 02.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 02. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbidden on passenger and cargo aircraft. See Additional transport information 05.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.Petroleum wax. See Additional transport information 03. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbidden on passenger and cargo aircraft. See Additional transport information 05.
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbidden on passenger and cargo aircraft. See Additional transport information 05.
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.III. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbidden on passenger and cargo aircraft. See Additional transport information 05.
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Mark for elevated temperature substances. See Additional transport information 04. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbidden on passenger and cargo aircraft. See Additional transport information 05.
Remarks
NoneNone

Additional transport information

Additional transport information
Preamble0.1The transportation of dangerous goods (by land, water or air) is a specialized professional field. Dangerous goods transport is regulated by an extensive body of recommendations, regulations, rules and agreements to ensure an adequate and harmonised level of safety for man and environment. Whereas some of these requirements have been adopted as European Union legislation (see reference), others are legally binding international treaties or sector agreements. They cover all the relevant technical aspects involved in the transport of dangerous goods (e.g. choice of equipment, labelling, documentation, packaging design, testing procedures, operating procedures etc.).0.2In addition to legal obligations discussed in the previous paragraph, Member states will also have in place detailed binding regulations governing the general conduct of transport activities, including licensing and inspection of vehicles, the authorization of drivers and other personnel, and issues relating to the rules of the road. There may also be specific national exceptions and requirements. 0.3The legal framework and its accompanying detailed provisions will specify which actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or forbidden. Extensive repetition of this background information is not practicable in a safety data sheet, and could make the document too long and difficult to read and understand, especially in an emergency when clear, brief information is needed.0.4 The consideration of this background information enables the content of the safety data sheet to be concentrated on the identification of a product's proper shipping name and its hazard classification. Where it is relevant, other information may be added. This information will act as key for the professional for retrieving the necessary specific information in the relevant body of transport codes, rules and regulations.0.5Substances in this category may be classified differently. Factors affecting classification include composition, closed flash point, initial boiling point and aquatic toxicity. The differences are explained in additional transport information paragraphs that have been numbered. Additional transport information 01Waxes would be expected to have closed flash points of greater than 100°C. Because waxes are usually solid or semi-solid at ambient temperature, waxes are usually transported hot at temperatures above their melting point. Most waxes are transported at temperatures below 100°C and below their flash points. When waxes are transported at temperatures of less than 100°C they are not classified as dangerous for transport. Additional transport information 02Proper shipping name UN 3257 ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LIQUID, N.O.S. is applied towax being transported at a temperature of 100°C or more, but below its flash-point. Additional transport information 03When it is listed, special provision 274 in the dangerous goods list requires the technical name in brackets to be added to the proper shipping name. According to the UN Model Regulations the technical name shall be a recognized chemical or other name used in scientific and technical handbooks, journals and texts. It is recommended that the appropriate short name is used. It will be one of the following short name:Petroleum waxSpecial provision 274 applies to UN 3257.Additional transport information 04When it is listed, special provision 580 in the dangerous goods list requires the use of an elevated temperature mark for liquids transported at a temperature of 100°C or more. Special provision 580 applies to UN 3257.Additional transport information 05Liquids transported at a temperature of 100°C or more are forbidden on cargo aircraft. They are also forbidden on aircraft carrying passengers and cargo.Additional transport information 06ADNR will only apply until end 2010 and from 1.1.2011 ADN annexed regulations (ADN 2011) will entry into force also on the Rhine.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Note: The information in paragraphs 1 to 3 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation, but is provided as additional guidance for safe use of the substance.1. Product-specific issues1.1. Waxes handled at elevated temperature may cause thermal burns by contact with molten product.1.2. Waxes may give off irritant/flammable vapours if heated close to their boiling points. Although these are not considered a significant health hazard, to avoid respiratory tract irritation, exposure should be kept to a minimum, by observing good work practices and ensuring good ventilation around work areas.2. Control parameters2.1. Occupational Exposure Limits2.1.1. Specific limits: none 2.1.2. Related limits (air contaminants):- Paraffin wax fumes- (If applicable - product in solid form) Respirable dust- For these materials there are occupational exposure limits set by:- National Authorities of EU-member countries - National Authorities of other countries (non EU members) - Competent Professional Bodies (i.e. American Conference of Industrial Hygienists, ACGIH). These values are recommended but not legally binding by themselves, unless adopted in a national legislation or labor contracts.2.1.3. Note: recommended values for occupational exposure limits are not meant to replace any value set by official regulations or labour contracts2.2. Biological limit values2.2.1. Specific limit values: none2.2.2. Related limit values (air contaminants): none2.3. PNEC/DNEL: See IUCLID Sections 6 and 7, respectively 2.4. Monitoring procedures 2.4.1. Monitoring procedures should be chosen according to the indications set by national authorities or labour contracts.2.4.2. In absence of such indications, direct exposure to fumes/dust can be assessed through active air sampling of personal breathing zone (e.g. NIOSH method 5042, UK HSE MDHS 14/3). 2.4.3. Any comparison should be made only between data obtained with the same procedure.3. Exposure Controls3.1. General Precautions3.1.1. Engineering/work practices controls- Storage and handling temperatures should be kept as low as feasible to minimize fume production.- Minimise exposure to fumes. Where molten waxes are handled in confined spaces, effective local ventilation must be provided.- Do not enter empty storage tanks until measurements of available oxygen have been carried out.3.2. Individual protection measures (Personal protective Equipment)3.2.1 Use of personal protective equipment must be consistent with good occupational hygiene practices.3.2.2 Eye/face protection Hot/molten product: If splashing is likely, full head and face protection (protective shield and/or safety goggles) should be used. Product at ambient temperature (dust): safety goggles. (EN 166)3.2.3 Skin protection - Hands: Hot/molten product: heat resistant gloves with long cuffs, or gauntlets. Product at ambient temperature: work gloves (advised) (EN 374 - 407).- Gloves must be periodically inspected and changed in case of wear, perforations or contaminations.- Body: Hot/molten product: wear protective clothing for operations with hot material: heat resistant coveralls (with trousers legs over boots and sleeves over cuffs of gloves), heat resistant heavy duty antiskid boots (e. g. leather). Product at ambient temperature: coveralls or normal working clothes. (EN 943 – 13034 – 14605)- Coveralls or working clothes should be changed at the end of the work shift and cleaned as necessary to limit transfer of product to clothes or underwear.- Head: for loading/unloading operations: wear safety helmet. (EN 397) In case of hot/molten product: with integrated full face visor (EN 166). 3.2.4 Respiratory protection- If necessary, approved respiratory protection equipment shall be used when handling hot product in confined spaces: a full-face mask with organic vapour filter or Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA). (EN 529)- For product in dust form, a full-face mask with particulate filter(s) giving a sufficient protection factor for the dust level present can be used. (EN 529) - If exposure levels cannot be determined or estimated with adequate confidence, or an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.3.2.5 Thermal hazards : See section 3.2.33.3. Environmental exposure controls: None specific4. (If applicable, substance registered as an isolated or transported intermediate). Please refer to the assessment report on Risk Management Measures in Section 13 which provides the required information on Strictly Controlled Conditions for the registration of this isolated/transported intermediate.

Stability and reactivity

Note: The information in Heading 10 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.7 of the Regulation, but is provided as additional guidance for safe use of the substance.1. Stability 1.1. This substance is stable under all ordinary circumstances at ambient temperatures, and if released into the environment.2. Conditions to avoid : None specific3. Materials to avoid3.1. Contact with strong oxidizers (peroxides, chromates, etc.) may cause a fire hazard.3.2. A mixture with nitrates or other strong oxidisers (e.g. chlorates, perchlorates, liquid oxygen) may create an explosive mass. Sensitivity to heat, friction or shock cannot be assessed in advance.4. Hazardous decomposition products4.1. None under normal conditions at ambient temperatures.4.2. Combustion (incomplete) will likely generate oxides of carbon, sulphur and nitrogen, as well as additional undetermined organic compounds of the same elements.

Disposal considerations

Note: The information in Heading 13 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.8 of the Regulation, but is provided as additional guidance for safe use of the substance.1. General information1.1. In the absence of relevant alterations to the material or presence of contaminants, disposal of this substance as surplus (unused) or off-spec material, or waste resulting from the foreseeable use(s), does not present a specific hazard, or require special handling measures other than those indicated in Sect. 7. 2. Methods of disposal2.1. Surplus (unused) or off-spec substance can be recovered or re-conditioned (according to specific characteristics and composition), or can be disposed of as waste according to 2.2.2.2. Used or contaminated substance:2.2.1. Where possible (e.g. in the absence of relevant contamination), recycling of used substance is feasible and recommended.2.2.2. Contaminated or waste substance (not directly recyclable): Disposal can be carried out directly, or by delivery to qualified waste handlers. National legislation may identify a specific organization, and/or prescribe composition limits and methods for recovery or disposal.2.2.3. This substance can be burned or incinerated, subject to national/local authorizations, relevant contamination limits, safety regulations and air quality legislation.2.3. European Waste Catalogue code(s) (Decision 2001/118/CE):12 01 12 (*)16 03 06 05 01 9913 08 99 (*)(*) Hazardous waste according to Directive 91/689/EEC2.3.1. These codes can be given only as a suggestion, according to the original composition of the product, and its intended (foreseeable) use(s). The final user has the responsibility for the attribution of the most suitable code, according to the actual use(s) of the material, contaminations or alterations.2.3.2. Other national or local legislation may require additional identification or other measures for this product, and may also limit or exclude the use of generic (n.o.s.) codes2.4. Container advice2.4.1. Disposal of emptied containers: contact the original supplier or deliver to a qualified disposal organization.2.4.2. Do not cut, weld, bore, burn or incinerate emptied containers, unless they have been cleaned and declared safe. 2.4.3. Do not re-use emptied, unclean containers for other purposes.