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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Adsorption data for tungsten metal and sodium tungstate are presented in this section. The soluble species released are expected to be similar for each of the compounds and are thus expected to behave similarly in the environment. However, the amount of soluble species resulting from tungsten metal and sodium tungstate is different, with sodium tungstate being much more soluble. Therefore, data for sodium tungstate and tungsten metal are expected to adequately capture the range of mobility of tungsten in the environment.

 ​The adsorption/desorption is highly dependent on the characteristics of the soil system in question. For example, soil sorption coefficients of tungsten metal and sodium tungstate are found to increase with decreasing pH (Bednar et al, 2008). Additionally, soil-tungsten systems may take up to approximately 3-4 months to reach equilibrium (Griggs et al, 2009 and Bednar et al, 2008). Soil sorption coefficients measured for sodium tungstate ranged from 16.6 to 863 L/kg (Bednar et al, 2008 and Griggs et al, 2009). 

 Other partitioning coefficients for tungsten in the environment were estimated using paired sampling data. Tungsten partition coefficients for water-sediment were derived using paired environmental monitoring samples of tungsten in water and sediment collected in various parts of the EU, resulting in a median calculated Kd of 140000 (Salminen (Ed.) et al, 2005).  

The following partitioning coefficients were statistically derived based on studies using appropriate methodology: 

  • Kd soils (Griggs et al, 2009 and Bednar et al, 2008):
    • 10th percentile: 44 L/kg
    • Median: 174 L/kg
    • 90th percentile: 692 L/kg 
  •  Kd sediment (Salminen (Ed.) et al, 2005): 
    • 10th percentile: 28395 L/kg
    • Median: 140000 L/kg
    • 90th percentile: 700000 L/kg 

 Volatilization is not expected to be a significant pathway for tungsten metal, based on the low vapor pressure and ionic or insoluble state of tungsten in the environment. 

No data on volatilisation are available for tungsten metal. However, most tungsten compounds are expected to exist as ions or insoluble solids in the environment. Therefore, volatilisation from moist soil and water surfaces is not expected to be an important fate process (HSDB, 2008). Tungsten is also not expected to volatilise from dry soil surfaces based upon its ionic character and extremely low vapor pressure at environmentally relevant temperatures (1 x 10-10 Pa at 1700°C (Lassner et al, 2005) and 8.15 x 10-8 Pa at 2000°C (Lassner and Schubert, 1999). 

Additional information