Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

Documentsopen allclose all

Service life

Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 0: Other: AC 30 Other articles with intend release of substances,
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8a: Widespread use of non-reactive processing aid (no inclusion into or onto article, indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: AC 30 Other articles with intend release of substances,
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: N/A
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: N/A
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Tin LME Grade
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Service life stage to cover end of lifecycle for tin and pure tin products

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Name of activity / technique:
Service life stage to cover end of lifecycle for tin and pure tin products

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/meals at elevated temperature in industrial settings
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11b: Widespread use of articles with high or intended release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for the enviroment 1
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for consumers 1
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for consumers 2
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for consumers 3
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Name of activity / technique:
Contributing activity / technique for consumers 4
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Tin LME Grade
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of bronze and brass alloys and articles

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of bronze and brass alloys and articles

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of bronze and brass alloys and articles

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of bronze and brass alloys and articles

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/meals at elevated temperature in industrial settings
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
High energy work up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Tin Bronze alloy

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Tin Bronze alloy

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19 Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy bearings

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22 Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy bearings (powder)

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy bearings (powder)

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy bearings (powder)

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 4:Use in batch and other process (synthesis) where opportunity for exposure arises and PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for formulation of preparations and ar-ticles (multistage and/or significant contact))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy coins

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring and PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Bronze alloy coins

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Aluminium-tin bearings

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Aluminium-tin bearings

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Tin Brass

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Tin Brass

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of brake pads
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of brake pads

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to workers activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Conditions and measures related to Biological Sewage Treatment Plant

Biological Sewage Treatment Plant (STP):
yes
Other conditions of use

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Other conditions of use

Other conditions affecting environmental exposure

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

ReleaseEnvirRepopen allclose all
Release from the site to::
surface water
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1 No release to soil is predicted.

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
top predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (terrestrial)
Exposed compartment:
air
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Exposure of humans via the environment

Exposure estimation method:
measured data
ContribScenWorkersRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
measured data
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Tin LME Grade
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in tin coatings - electrolytic plating

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in tin coatings - electrolytic plating

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in tin coatings - electrolytic plating

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in tin coatings - electrolytic plating

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/meals at elevated temperature in industrial settings
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Tin plate for food cans, beverage cans, aerosols, closures, general line containers, battery blanks, electronic shielding, automotive fillers, copper pipes, food processing equipment

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of tin nickel for electronics, domestic building and leisure, precision and general engineering, chemical processes and food industries, medical and dentistry uses, energy uses

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of tin zinc for automotive roofing

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of tin copper for red and yellow bronze/white bronze speculum

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of copper-tin-zinc for decorative and electronics

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of copper-tin-zinc for decorative and electronics

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation))
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of copper-tin-zinc for decorative and electronics

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of copper-tin-zinc for coinage

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to ves-sels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities and PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of copper-tin-zinc for coinage

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to workers activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Conditions and measures related to Biological Sewage Treatment Plant

Biological Sewage Treatment Plant (STP):
yes
Other conditions of use

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Other conditions of use

Other conditions affecting environmental exposure

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

ReleaseEnvirRepopen allclose all
Release from the site to::
surface water
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Use of metals and metal compounds in metallic coatings, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Use of metals and metal compounds in metallic coatings, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Use of metals and metal compounds in metallic coatings, version 1.1 No release to soil is predicted.

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
top predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (terrestrial)
Exposed compartment:
air
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Exposure of humans via the environment

Exposure estimation method:
measured data
ContribScenWorkersRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
measured data
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

Technical and organisational conditions

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 10: Rubber articles
Article category (AC):
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Tin LME Grade
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of other tin alloys

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of other tin alloys

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of other tin alloys

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of tin in the manufacture of other tin alloys

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/meals at elevated temperature in industrial settings
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
High energy work up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of pewter

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Whitemetal alloy
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Whitemetal alloy

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Whitemetal alloy

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Fusible alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (Proc 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Fusible Alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Fusible Alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Dental amalgams

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Dental amalgams

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Cast iron

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Ferrous powder

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to ves-sels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities and Proc 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Ferrous powder

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Zirconium-tin alloys, Niobium-tin alloys and Titanium-tin alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Batteries

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Batteries

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Wheel weights and Fishing sinkers

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Aluminium machining alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Free machining steel

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to ves-sels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Free machining steel

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of Type metal

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of high melting point alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to ves-sels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of high melting point alloys

Exposure estimates taken from highest process listed representative of a worst case (PROC 22: Potentially closed processing opera-tions with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial Setting).
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to workers activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Conditions and measures related to Biological Sewage Treatment Plant

Biological Sewage Treatment Plant (STP):
yes
Other conditions of use

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Other conditions of use

Other conditions affecting environmental exposure

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

ReleaseEnvirRepopen allclose all
Release from the site to::
surface water
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
SpERC
Remarks:
Formulation of massive metal or metal powder in alloys, version 1.1 No release to soil is predicted.

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (freshwater)
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
top predators' prey (marine water)
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (terrestrial)
Exposed compartment:
air
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Exposure of humans via the environment

Exposure estimation method:
measured data
ContribScenWorkersRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
measured data
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Contributing scenario for the workers

Conditions of use for workers

Product (article) characteristics

Other product (article) characteristics

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

Other conditions

Technical and organisational conditions and measures

TechCondRepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal

Conditions and measures related to personal protection, hygiene and health evaluation

PPERepopen allclose all
Effectiveness
Route affected:
dermal
Effectiveness
Route affected:
eye
Effectiveness
Route affected:
inhalation

Other conditions affecting workers exposure

Place of use:
indoor
Other conditions of use

Exposure of workers

ExpEstopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
MEASE
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Tin LME Grade
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:

Service life stage to cover end of lifecycle from the use of tin in the manufacture of tin solders

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Name of activity / technique:

Service life stage to cover end of lifecycle from the use of tin in the manufacture of tin solders

A quantitative risk assessment is not required for the environment as there is no basis for setting a PNEC. In addition, this substance is not classified as hazardous to the environment. A qualitative assessment has been applied. A review of these RMMs indicates that if the user complies with the following generic statements, risks to the environment can be considered to be adequately controlled.
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/meals at elevated temperature in industrial settings
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Reference
Name:
Tin
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all