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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Provided the patient is conscious, wash out mouth with

water and give 200-300 ml (half a pint) of water to drink. Obtain immediate

medical attention. Aspiration into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis,

which can be fatal.

Inhalation: Remove patient from exposure, keep warm and at rest. If breathing is laboured,

oxygen should be administered by qualified personnel. Obtain immediate medical

attention.

Skin Contact: Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash affected skin with plenty of

water or soap and water. Obtain medical attention. Contaminated clothing should

be thoroughly cleaned.

Eye Contact: Irrigate with eyewash solution or clean water, holding the eyelids apart, for at

least 15 minutes. Obtain medical attention.

Advice to Physician :

Causes irritation to the skin. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the skin. Repeat contact with

the skin may cause it to become dry and cracked.

Causes eye irritation. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the eyes.

May cause respiratory irritation. If inhalation occurs, signs and symptoms may include sore throat, headache, nausea, coughing, choking, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, chest congestion, shortness of breath and may cause transient central nervous system (CNS) depression.

In case of ingestion, Ipecac-induced emesis is not recommended.

Consider use of charcoal as a slurry (240mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults.

If determined necessary (and under qualified medical supervision), the stomach should be emptied by gastric lavage with the airway protected by endotracheal intubation.

Fire-fighting measures

General: Flammable. Vapour may create explosive atmosphere. The vapour is heavier than

air; beware of pits and confined spaces.

Keep fire exposed containers cool by spraying with water. Sealed containers may

rupture explosively if hot.

If possible prevent water running into sewers.

Flash Point (°C): 26.6 (80 oF)

Auto Ignition Temperature (°C): 465.5-526.6 (870-980 oF)

Flammable Limits (Lower) (%v/v): 1

Flammable Limits (Upper) (%v/v): 7

Extinguishing Media: Foam, CO2 or dry powder.

Fire Fighting Protective Equipment: A self contained breathing apparatus and suitable protective clothing should be

worn in fire conditions.

Other: Decomposes in a fire giving off toxic fumes: Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide

and various hydrocarbons.

Accidental release measures

Eliminate all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).

Personal precautions :

Wear personal protective equipment.

Avoid breathing vapours or mist.

Ensure adequate ventilation and absence of sources of ignition.

Beware of accumulation of vapours in low areas or contained areas, where explosive concentrations may occur.

Environmental precautions :

Land spillage :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

Prevent spillage from entering drains, sewer, basement or confined areas.

Water spillage :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

If the spillage contaminates rivers, lakes or drains inform respective authorities.

Methods for clean up :

Land spillage:

Contain spillage.

Small spillages can be taken up by collection with non-combustible absorbent material, (e.g. sand, earth,

diatomaceous earth, vermiculite) and placed in container for disposal according to local / national

regulations.

Water spillage:

If the Flash Point exceeds the Ambient Temperature by 10 deg C or more, use containment booms and remove from the surface by skimming or with suitable absorbents when conditions permit.  If the Flash Point does not exceed the Ambient Air Temperature by at least 10 deg C, use booms as a barrier to protect shorelines and allow material to evaporate.  Seek the advice of a specialist before using dispersants.

Further accidental release measures :

Spillages of liquid product will create a fire hazard and form an explosive atmosphere.

Ensure all equipment is non sparking or electrically bonded.

Avoid direct contact with released material.

Stay upwind.

Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage.

Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas.

Handling and storage

Advice on safe handling :

Smoking, eating and drinking should be prohibited.

Use only in well ventilated areas.

Avoid all sources of ignition.

Use proper bonding and/or grounding procedures.

This material is a static accumulator: Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Avoid contact with heat and ignition sources and oxidizing agents.

Containers should be opened only under exhaust ventilation hood.

Do not allow splash filling of bulk volumes.

Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.

Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done

only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company

regulations.

Handle empty containers with care; vapour residue may be flammable.

Do not pressurise, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, or grind on containers.

Dispose of rinse water in accordance with local and national regulations.

The vapour is heavier than air, beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.

The product will float on water and can be reignited on surface water.

Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding explosive atmospheres, and handling and storage

facilities of flammable products are followed.

Storage :

No smoking.

Store in either mild steel or stainless steel containers or vessels.

Store in a designated cool and well-ventilated place.

Store in the original, tightly closed, container.

Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

Keep container tightly closed and properly labelled.

Vapour space above stored liquid may be flammable/explosive unless blanketed with inert gas.

Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills.

Fixed storage containers, transfer containers and associated equipment should be earthed and bonded to prevent accumulation of static charge.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
1307
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
1307
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Proper shipping name and description:
XYLENES
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Exposure controls / personal protection

General: Provide adequate ventilation, including appropriate local extraction, to ensure that

the occupational exposure limit is not exceeded.

Respirators: Wear suitable respiratory protective equipment if exposure to levels above the

occupational exposure limit is likely.

Eye Protection: Goggles giving complete protection to eyes.

Gloves: Protective gloves. (EN 374)

Other: Apron or other light protective clothing, plastic or rubber gloves and antistatic

boots. Provide adequate ventilation when using the material and follow the

principles of good occupational hygiene to control personal exposures.

Environmental Exposure Controls: Avoid release to the environment.

Occupational Exposure Limits

Xylene, o-,m-,p- or mixture of isomers, 1330-20-7,  LTEL (8 hrTWA ppm) = 50, LTEL (8 hrTWA mg/m³) = 220, STEL (ppm) = 100, STEL (mg/m³) = 441,  Can be absorbed through skin, Biological monitoring guidance value (UK HSE EH40)

Ethylbenzene, 100-41-4, LTEL (8 hrTWA ppm) = 100, LTEL (8 hrTWA mg/m³) = 441, STEL (ppm) =  125, STEL (mg/m³)  = 552,  Can be absorbed through skin.

n-Hexane, 110-54-3, LTEL (8 hrTWA ppm) = 20, LTEL (8 hrTWA mg/m³) = 72 , Biological monitoring guidance value (UK HSE EH40)

Xylene : BMGV = 650 mmol methyl hippuric acid/mol creatine in urine (post shift).

Stability and reactivity

Stable under normal conditions.

Incompatible materials and conditions: Heat.

Oxidizing agents. Acids. Alkalis.

Hazardous Decomposition Product(s): Decomposes in a fire giving off toxic fumes: Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide

and various hydrocarbons.

Disposal considerations

Do not empty into drains; dispose of this material and its container in a safe way. To be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Contaminated adsorbent must be removed in sealed, plastic lined drums and disposed of via an authorised waste disposal

contractor. Containers must be decontaminated in accordance with all applicable regulations. Disposal should be in accordance

with local, state or national legislation.