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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: other routes

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: other routes
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1963
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study is classified reliable with restrictions, because although the study was well conducted, there is no statement regarding whether this study was conducted according to GLP or equivalent.
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in Section 13.
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
read-across: supporting information
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: other routes
Type of information:
read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1963
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study is classified reliable with restrictions, because although the study was well conducted, there is no statement regarding whether this study was conducted according to GLP or equivalent.
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in Section 13.
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Though the study did not follow a prescribed guideline, it was well conducted and documented.
GLP compliance:
no
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Not provided
- Age at study initiation: Not provided
- Weight at study initiation: 200 to 300 grams
- Fasting period before study: Not reported
- Housing: No data
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): No data
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): No data
- Acclimation period: No data
Route of administration:
other:
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on exposure:
Test material was administered into the animals mouth and was allowed to aspirate.
Doses:
Until all of the administered test material had been aspirated; specific duration is not reported.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
yes
Details on study design:
Groups of 5 anesthetized male albino Wistar rats were either administered 0.2 millilitre or 1 millilitre of liquid or aerosolised test material respectively into the mouth. When breathing resumed and was regular after test material administration, the animals’ nostrils were closed with fingers during the end of expiration phase to promote aspiration of the test material. This process was repeated until all of the test material had been aspirated. After dosing, animals were observed for a minimum of 4 hours at intervals ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Animals that survived for 24 hours were sacrificed and lungs were weighed and received gross necropsy. Twenty undosed animals served as controls.
Statistics:
No data reported.
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
other: Aspiration hazard
Effect level:
other: Hex-1-ene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since hex-1-ene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.
Mortality:
Three rats receiving 1 -hexene died within 24 hours.
Clinical signs:
Additionally, rats dosed with 1 -hexene exhibited central nervous system effects.
Body weight:
No data reported.
Gross pathology:
Lung weights of these animals did not differ significantly form control animals. Study authors reported that grossly, pathologically, lungs of these animals displayed typical “liver-like lungs.”
Conclusions:
The study authors concluded that 1-hexene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since 1-hexene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.
Executive summary:

In an acute toxicity study, eight homologous series of n-alkenes (n-olefins), including 1-hexene, were evaluated for their potential to cause acute toxicity using an aspiration process. Groups of 5 anesthetized male albino Wistar rats were either administered 0.2 millilitre or 1 millilitre of liquid or aerosolized test material respectively into the mouth. When breathing resumed and was regular after test material administration, the animals’ nostrils were closed with fingers during the end of expiration phase to promote aspiration of the test material. This process was repeated until all of the test material had been aspirated. After dosing, animals were observed for a minimum of 4 hours at intervals ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Animals that survived for 24 hours were sacrificed and lungs were weighed and received gross necropsy.

Three rats receiving 1 -hexene died within 24 hours. Additionally, rats dosed with 1 -hexeneexhibited central nervous system effects.Lung weights of these animals did not differ significantly form control animals.Study authors reported that grossly, pathologically, lungs of these animals displayed typical "liver-like lungs."

A quantitative estimate of acute toxicity was not reported for this study.Based on the study outcome, the study authors concluded that 1-hexene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since 1-hexene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.

This study received a Klimisch score of 2 and is classified as “reliable with restrictions”because although the study was well conducted, there is no statement regarding whether this study was conducted according to GLP or equivalent.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1963

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Though the study did not follow a prescribed guideline, it was well conducted and documented.
GLP compliance:
no
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): 1-Hexene
- Substance type: C6 alpha olefin

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Not provided
- Age at study initiation: Not provided
- Weight at study initiation: 200 to 300 grams
- Fasting period before study: Not reported
- Housing: No data
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): No data
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): No data
- Acclimation period: No data

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
other:
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on exposure:
Test material was administered into the animals mouth and was allowed to aspirate.
Doses:
Until all of the administered test material had been aspirated; specific duration is not reported.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
yes
Details on study design:
Groups of 5 anesthetized male albino Wistar rats were either administered 0.2 millilitre or 1 millilitre of liquid or aerosolised test material respectively into the mouth. When breathing resumed and was regular after test material administration, the animals’ nostrils were closed with fingers during the end of expiration phase to promote aspiration of the test material. This process was repeated until all of the test material had been aspirated. After dosing, animals were observed for a minimum of 4 hours at intervals ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Animals that survived for 24 hours were sacrificed and lungs were weighed and received gross necropsy. Twenty undosed animals served as controls.
Statistics:
No data reported.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
other: Aspiration hazard
Effect level:
other: Hex-1-ene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since hex-1-ene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.
Mortality:
Three rats receiving 1 -hexene died within 24 hours.
Clinical signs:
Additionally, rats dosed with 1 -hexene exhibited central nervous system effects.
Body weight:
No data reported.
Gross pathology:
Lung weights of these animals did not differ significantly form control animals. Study authors reported that grossly, pathologically, lungs of these animals displayed typical “liver-like lungs.”

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The study authors concluded that 1-hexene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since 1-hexene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.
Executive summary:

In an acute toxicity study, eight homologous series of n-alkenes (n-olefins), including 1-hexene, were evaluated for their potential to cause acute toxicity using an aspiration process. Groups of 5 anesthetized male albino Wistar rats were either administered 0.2 millilitre or 1 millilitre of liquid or aerosolized test material respectively into the mouth. When breathing resumed and was regular after test material administration, the animals’ nostrils were closed with fingers during the end of expiration phase to promote aspiration of the test material. This process was repeated until all of the test material had been aspirated. After dosing, animals were observed for a minimum of 4 hours at intervals ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Animals that survived for 24 hours were sacrificed and lungs were weighed and received gross necropsy.

Three rats receiving 1 -hexene died within 24 hours. Additionally, rats dosed with 1 -hexeneexhibited central nervous system effects.Lung weights of these animals did not differ significantly form control animals.Study authors reported that grossly, pathologically, lungs of these animals displayed typical "liver-like lungs."

A quantitative estimate of acute toxicity was not reported for this study.Based on the study outcome, the study authors concluded that 1-hexene is toxic when aspirated causing rapid death in 3 of the five treated animals. Two of the live animals reportedly did not aspirate any test material since 1-hexene "boiled out of the mouth" before it was aspirated.

This study received a Klimisch score of 2 and is classified as “reliable with restrictions”because although the study was well conducted, there is no statement regarding whether this study was conducted according to GLP or equivalent.