Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Uses at industrial sites

Documentsopen allclose all

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
tungsten carbide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Powder metallurgical production of tungsten carbide containing articles
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
blending
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer to mixer, press charging (PROC 21)
Pressing (PROC 14)
maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles (PROC 21)
- GES5a Step 6: Sintering GES5a GES5b Step 3: Other treatments for the sintered articles (PROC 22)
- GES5b Step 3: Other treatments for the sintered articles (PROC 23)
- GES5b Step 1: Forming of sintered tungsten carbide containing articles GES5b Step 2: Machining of sintered articles (PROC 24)
- Ges5b Step 3: Other treatments for the sintered articles (PROC 25)
- GES5a Step 5: Transfer to sintering (PROC 26)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Powder metallurgical production of tungsten carbide containing articles
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
blending
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Transfer to mixer, press charging (PROC 21)
Pressing (PROC 14)
Maintenance (PROC 28)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
Tungsten Carbide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Name:
tungsten carbide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of tungsten carbide containing coatings via thermal spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Step 1: Filling the powder dispenser
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
The following activities were individually coded as PROC 24:
Step 2: Coating process
Step 3: Surface finishing of parts coated with tungsten carbide
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
tungsten carbide
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
Composition 1
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of tungsten carbide containing coatings via thermal spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Step 1: Filling the powder dispenser
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
The following activities were individually coded as PROC 24:
Step 2: Coating process
Step 3: Surface finishing of parts coated with tungsten carbide
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of tungsten carbide containing coatings via thermal spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Step 1: Filling the powder dispenser
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
The following activities were individually coded as PROC 24:
Step 2: Coating process
Step 3: Surface finishing of parts coated with tungsten carbide
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of WC containing coatings via thermal spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Step 1b: Filling the powder dispenser - Powders containing tungsten carbide are received in sealed plastics cans and filled into a powder dispenser. This operation is done manually. The duration of activity is 5 minutes and performed about 2 to 4 times a day for 220 days / year. Dust exposure is limited due to RMMs.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Step b2: Coating process - The coating process is done in an isolated room with the operator located in an adjacent room where he can observe the coating process. The isolated room protects from noise, emissions and mechanical dangers. The control of the coating device is through a certified gas panel and the manipulation of the device is generally with automation such as an industrial robot. Exposure frequency 220 days / year (Same conditions for powder coatings and wires). Dust exposure is limited due to RMMs. Manual thermal spraying is only performed under strict conditions to protect the employee. Exposure frequency 220 days / year. Regular air monitoring may be done on employees and area to control RMM efficiency.

Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Step 3: Surface finishing of parts coated with tungsten carbide - Surface finishing is done by grinding operation. Exposure frequency 220 days / year. Dust exposure is limited due to RMMs. Regular air monitoring may be done on employees and area to control RMM efficiency

Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of sintered hardmetal articles
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Production of sintered hardmetal articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Sector of end use:
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Application of tungsten carbide containing coatings via thermal spraying
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Name of activity / technique:
Step 1: Filling the powder dispenser
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Step 2: Coating process
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
The following activities were individually coded as PROC 24:
Step 2: Coating process
Step 3: Surface finishing of parts coated with tungsten carbide
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
PC 15: Non-metal-surface treatment products
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6c: Use of monomer in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6d: Use of reactive process regulators in polymerisation processes at industrial site (inclusion or not into/onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no