Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Uses at industrial sites

Documentsopen allclose all

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Production of cadmium-containing wires/rods
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Name of activity / technique:
Production of cadmium-containing wires/rods discharge via STP
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal or alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of wires/rods
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: Closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 0: Other: NACE C23.9.9 - Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.3: Manufacture of wire products, chain and springs
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: NACE C25.9.9 - Manufacture of other fabricated metal products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of moderator bars
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of cadmium silver alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Furnace operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of moderator bars
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.6.1 - Treatment and coating of metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium-based targets for (EB)PVD coating
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of cadmium-based targets
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Coating of targets
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of coated cadmium-based targets
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.9 - Manufacture of other fabricated metal products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of cadmium-based targets
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Processes in alloying furnace
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of cadmium-based targets
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6b: Use of reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 2: Adsorbents
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
PC 19: Intermediate
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 40: Extraction agents
Sector of end use:
SU 8: Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 0: Other: Nace: C20.1.3: Manufacture of other inorganic basic chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 0: Other: NACE C23.9.9 - Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Intermediate use of cadmium metal for the manufacture of chemicals (by hydrometallurgy)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Dissolution and chemical reaction
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium in laboratories
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of cadmium metal in laboratories
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 21: Laboratory chemicals
Sector of end use:
SU 24: Scientific research and development
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.6.1: Treatment and coating of metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium metal in the production of soldering products
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal or alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of soldering products
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C27.2: Manufacture of batteries and accumulators
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium metal in electroplating and coating processes
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal or alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of cadmium metal (alloy) powder
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of cadmium metal in solution
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Electroplating/Coating operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Hot work operations with coated/plated objects
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of coated/plated objects.
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C24.5.3 - Casting of light metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.6.1: Treatment and coating of metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.3: Manufacture of wire products, chain and springs
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of soldering products
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of soldering products
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Soldering
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of brazing products
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of brazing products
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Brazing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 0: Other: matrix formation on electrode substrate
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C27.2: Manufacture of batteries and accumulators
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.6.1: Treatment and coating of metals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 17/18
Use as on-site isolated intermediate registered according to REACH Article 17(3)
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.9 - Manufacture of other fabricated metal products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 0: Other: NACE C23.9.9 - Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Production of cadmium (alloy) powder
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal or alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting and vaporisation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Cooling and filtration
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of cadmium metal or alloy powder
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Intermediate use of cadmium metal for the manufacture of chemicals (by pyrometallurgy)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Hot chemical reaction step (melting and vaporisation)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.3: Manufacture of wire products, chain and springs
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium metal in the production of batteries
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of (formulations of) cadmium metal powder
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Dissolution of cadmium metal and/or chemical reaction
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Pressing operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Coating operations
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Pasting of electrodes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
Name of activity / technique:
Impregnation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
Name of activity / technique:
Mechanical processing
Process category (PROC):
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Formation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Cell assembly
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Electrode handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of plates
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Unwinding of strips
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Automatic stack assembly
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manual stack assembly
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Plate assembly and welding
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Stack assembly and welding
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Sampling/Quality control
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Sector of end use:
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 19: Intermediate
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 0: Other: NACE C23.9.9 - Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products n.e.c.
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.3: Manufacture of wire products, chain and springs
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Industrial use of cadmium metal in the production of brazing products
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of massive cadmium metal or alloys
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Melting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Name of activity / technique:
Casting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Rolling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Handling/Packaging of brazing products
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC4: Use of non-reactive processing aid at industrial site (no inclusion into or onto article)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 14: Metal surface treatment products
Sector of end use:
SU 9: Manufacture of fine chemicals
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes

Uses at industrial sites

Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC2: Formulation into mixture
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Product category used:
PC 7: Base metals and alloys
PC 38: Welding and soldering products, flux products
Sector of end use:
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 0: Other: Nace C25.9.3: Manufacture of wire products, chain and springs
Substance supplied to that use in form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant for this use:
yes