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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to birds: acute oral toxicity test
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Reliability:
3 (not reliable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Lack of detail.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
The acute oral toxicity, repellency, and hazard potential of 998 chemicals to one or more species of wild and domestic birds
Author:
Schafer EW, Bowles WA & Hurlbut J
Year:
1983
Bibliographic source:
Arch.Environ.Contam.Toxicol. 12: 355-82

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
4,4'-methylenedianiline
Dose method:
feed
Details on preparation and analysis of diet:
Fed by gavage.

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
other: Agelaius phoeniceus
Details on test organisms:
Redwinged blackbird.

Study design

Total exposure duration (if not bolus):
18 h

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Duration (if not bolus):
18 h
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
> 148 mg/kg bw

Applicant's summary and conclusion