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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to other above-ground organisms

Administrative data

Endpoint:
toxicity to other above-ground organisms
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
secondary literature

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
Fluorides
Author:
World Health Organisation
Year:
2002
Bibliographic source:
Environmental Health Criteria 227

Materials and methods

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Sodium fluoride
EC Number:
231-667-8
EC Name:
Sodium fluoride
Cas Number:
7681-49-4
IUPAC Name:
sodium fluoride
Details on test material:
Sodium fluoride

Results and discussion

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
At elevated concentrations of fluoride, impact on teeth and skeleton have been observed for wildlife.
Executive summary:

Investigations of the effects of fluoride on wildlife have been focued on impacts on the structural integrity of teeth and bones. Most observations involved large herbivores. The WHO report summarizes different references reporting effects. Mainly dental and skeletal lesions were observed and increased F- levels in the skeleton.

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