Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Administrative data

Endpoint:
long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24 July 2009 - 30 May 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted in compliance with agreed protocols, with no or minor deviations from standard test guidelines and/or minor methodological deficiencies, which do not affect the quality of the relevant results.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 211 (Daphnia magna Reproduction Test)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
Deviations and amendments to the study did not negatively impacts the integrity or quality of the data
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method C.20 (Daphnia magna Reproduction Test)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
Deviations and amendments to the study did not negatively impacts the integrity or quality of the data
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
Inspected and issued by The Standards council of Canada (SCC) and the certificate expires on 7/17/2013

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Physical state: amber liquid
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature in the dark

Sampling and analysis

Analytical monitoring:
yes
Details on sampling:
- Concentrations: Nominal loading rates: 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg/L prepared from 100 mg/L WAF. Measured loading rates 0.04, 0.06, 0.13, 0.26, and 0.53 mg/L.

- Sampling method: Water samples were taken from the control and each test group for quantitative analysis. Samples of the fresh initial test preparations and final test preparations were taken on Days 0, 2, 4, 7, 911, 14, 16, 18, and 21.

- Sample storage conditions before analysis: Samples were stored refrigerated at 2 to 8 degrees C until analysis. Prior to analysis, samples were warmed to room temperature and vigorously shaken. All reportable study samples were analyzed within 142 days of submission.

Test solutions

Vehicle:
no
Details on test solutions:
PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF TEST SOLUTION (especially for difficult test substances)

- Method: 100 mg/L WAF prepared based on ASTM document “Standard Practice for Aquatic Toxicity Testing of Lubricants: Sample Preparation and Results Interpretation”

- Eluate: No.

- Differential loading: the 100 mg/L WAF was then serially diluted to give further nominal loading rates

- Controls: Negative control of laboratory water and WAF control

- Chemical name of vehicle (organic solvent, emulsifier or dispersant): none

-Evidence of undissolved material (e.g. precipitate, surface film, etc): Not observed.

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Daphnia magna
Details on test organisms:
TEST ORGANISM
- Common name: Water Flea
- Strain/clone: None stated.
- Justification for species other than prescribed by test guideline: NA.
- Source: in house culture; original culture was obtained from Aquatic Biosystems in August 2006 and Identified by Vittor and Associates.
- Age of parental stock (mean and range, SD): Test neonates came from organisms cultured in Daphnia culture water for approximately 4 weeks. The test was initiated with < 24 hour old neonates

- Feeding during test
- Food type: Algae (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Chlorella sp.) and Yeast Cereal Trout Chow (YCT)
- Amount: At water changes, 0.5 mL each of the algae and YCT. Feeding was at a level of approximately 0.276 mg carbon/daphnid at each feeding.
- Frequency: At water changes

ACCLIMATION
- Acclimation period: Test neonates came from organisms cultured in Daphnia culture water for approximately 4 weeks.
- Acclimation conditions (same as test or not): None stated.
- Type and amount of food: Prior to the test the daphnid cultures were fed 2 mL of each green algae and YCT.
- Feeding frequency: None stated.
- Health during acclimation (any mortality observed): 5.2% mortality in 7 days preceding test

QUARANTINE (wild caught)
- Duration: NA
- Health/mortality: NA

METHOD FOR PREPARATION AND COLLECTION OF EARLY INSTARS OR OTHER LIFE STAGES:
Moderately hard reconstituted water was used for culturing the daphnids and as the control/dilution water.

Study design

Test type:
other: Static-renewal. Water changed every Monday, Wednesday and Friday on Days 2, 4, 7, 9, 11, 14, 16, 18, and 21
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
21 d
Post exposure observation period:
N/A

Test conditions

Hardness:
In the range of 96 to 108 in controls and 92 to 104 in the highest test concentration.
Test temperature:
Temperature was maintained at approximately 20 degrees C throughout the test.
pH:
7.7 to 8.1, no treatment related differences for pH.
Dissolved oxygen:
Dissolved oxygen ranged from 8.4 to 9.2 mg/L; no treatment related differences for oxygen concentration
Salinity:
Not applicable for freshwater test.
Nominal and measured concentrations:
Nominal Range of test concentrations: Lab Control, WAF Control, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 mg/L
Measured range of test concentrations: 0.04, 006, 0.13, 0.26, 0.53
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test vessel:
- Type (delete if not applicable): The test vessels had lids to prevent evaporation
- Material, size, headspace, fill volume: Each replicate test vessel consisted of 120 mL of test solution in a 125 mL glass jar
- Aeration: The test vessels were not aerated.
- Type of flow-through (e.g. peristaltic or proportional diluter):
- Renewal rate of test solution (frequency/flow rate): The test preparations were renewed 3 times per week on Monday, Wednesday and Friday on Days 2, 4, 7, 9, 11, 14, 16, and 18.
- No. of organisms per vessel: 1
- No. of vessels per concentration (replicates): 10
- No. of vessels per control (replicates): 10
- No. of vessels per vehicle control (replicates): NA
- Biomass loading rate: NDA.

TEST MEDIUM / WATER PARAMETERS
- Source/preparation of dilution water: Moderately hard reconstituted water was used for culturing the daphnids and as the control and dilution water. The reconstituted water had hardness measurements from 96 to 108 mg/L as CaCO3.
- Total organic carbon: NDA.
- Particulate matter: NDA.
- Metals: NDA.
- Pesticides: NDA.
- Chlorine: NDA.
- Alkalinity: NDA.
- Ca/mg ratio: NDA.
- Conductivity: NDA.
- Culture medium different from test medium: No.
- Intervals of water quality measurement: Dissolved Oxygen, temperature, pH and conductivity were measured at test initiation and in new solutions prior to a water change. Dissolved oxygen, termperature and pH were measured in the old solutions following a water change. Hardness was measured at the start of weeks 1 and 2, at the start of a renewal period in the controls, and in the highest test loading rate.

OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Adjustment of pH:
- Photoperiod: photoperiod of 16 hours light and 8 hours darkness
- Light intensity: 75.2 to 91.8 fc

EFFECT PARAMETERS MEASURED (with observation intervals if applicable) :
TEST CONCENTRATIONS
- Spacing factor for test concentrations:
- Justification for using less concentrations than requested by guideline:
- Range finding study
- Test concentrations: 0, 0.06, 0.12, 0.6, 1.2, 6 and 12 mg/L
- Results used to determine the conditions for the definitive study: Based on the results of an OECD 202 48 hour range finding test, made from dilutions of a 100 mg/L water accommodated fraction, there was no observed immobilization up to the 0.6 mg/L loading rate. At the 1.2 mg/L nominal test concentration there was 5% immobilization, at 6 mg/L 80% immobilization, and at 12 mg/L 100% immobilization. Additional range finding tests showed some toxicity at the 1 mg/L loading rate. Based on these preliminary results, the definitive test was conducted using nominal loading rates of 0, 0.5, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg/L prepared from dilutions of a 100 mg/L WAF. A negative control containing dilution water only was tested along with a WAF control.















Reference substance (positive control):
yes
Remarks:
A reference item test using zinc sulphate heptahydrate was conducted as a separate study to assess the relative sensitivity of the test organisms and the precision of the data produced by the laboratory. The reference item test was conducted within two w

Results and discussion

Effect concentrationsopen allclose all
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
IC50
Effect conc.:
> 0.8 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
IC50
Effect conc.:
> 0.8 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
IC50
Effect conc.:
> 0.53 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
meas. (not specified)
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
IC50
Effect conc.:
> 0.53 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
meas. (not specified)
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
0.4 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
0.8 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
LOEC
Effect conc.:
0.8 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
LOEC
Effect conc.:
> 0.8 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth
Details on results:
- Mortality of parent animals: At test completion, there was < 10% mortality observed in all treatments.

- No. of offspring produced per day per female: The mean number of neonates produced were as follows:

Lab Control: 83.2

WAF Control: 87

0.05 (mg/L): 64.9

0.1 (mg/L): 70.2

0.2(mg/L): 73.7

0.4 (mg/L): 73.2

0.8 (mg/L): 68.9

- Body length and weight of parent animals: The mean length of adult daphnids at test completion ranged from 3.7 to 3.8 mm in controls and from 3.6 to 3.7 mm in test solutions. The mean weight of adult daphnids at test completion ranged from 0.45 to 0.54 mg in controls and from 0.47 to 0.52 mg in test solutions.

- Type and number of morphological abnormalities: No.

- Type and number of behavioural abnormalities: No.

- Time to first brood release or time to hatch: 9 days was the minimum time to first brood for the control as well as all test concentrations.

- Egg development time: NDA

- Brood size: NDA

- Time to sexual maturity: NDA

- Type and magnitude of biochemical changes: NDA

- Other biological observations: NDA

- Effect concentrations exceeding solubility of substance in test medium: No.
Results with reference substance (positive control):
- Results with reference substance valid? The 48 hour LC50 (95% confidence limits) for the reference item test was 0.40 mg Zn2+/L (0.19 to 0.6 mg/L). This value was within the acceptable range of + 2 SD of previous tests conducted and indicates that the test organisms responded normally to the reference item.
Reported statistics and error estimates:
The total number of offspring per parent animal was calculated for each replicate. The means and associated standard deviations are reported for all endpoints, which are calculated based on both the nominal concentrations and the measured concentrations. The mean measured concentrations of the test item were calculated by a time weighted mean. The NOEC and LOEC values for reproductive output, length, and weight were determined by ANOVA. Two sample t-tests were performed comparing the lab and WAF controls for reproduction, weight, and length. There were no significant differences between the controls using analysis of variance and thus all statistical analyses were performed using the WAF control. All IC50 values are presented as “greater than” values since none of the endpoints measured showed a >50% effect. Statistical analyses were performed using the statistical program CETIS.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table I: Test Item Results

 

Nominal Loading Rate / Measured Concentration (mg/L)

 

Surviving Adults (%)

Mean # Neonates

Mean Length (mm)

Mean Weight (mg)

Lab Control

100

83.2

3.7

0.45

WAF Control

100

87.0

3.8

0.54

0.05 / 0.04

90

64.9

3.7

0.52

0.1 / 0.06

100

70.2

3.7

0.49

0.2 / 0.13

90

73.7

3.7

0.47

0.4 / 0.26

100

73.2

3.6

0.48

0.8 / 0.53

100

68.9

3.7

0.52

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
The 21 day IC50s based on nominal loading rates for length, weight, and neonate production were all >0.8 mg/L. Based on measured test item concentration the IC50s were all >0.53 mg/L. The NOECs were 0.4 mg/L nominal for reproduction and 0.8 mg/L nominal for both daphnid length and daphnid weight. The LOECs were 0.8 mg/L nominal for reproduction and >0.8 mg/L nominal for daphnid length and daphnid weight.
Executive summary:

Introduction. A study was performed to assess the effect of the OS245830 test material on the reproduction ofDaphnia magnaover a 21-day period. The method followed that described in the OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No 211 (1 998)"Daphnia magna,Reproduction Test". 

Methods.

Based on the results of an acute range finding test, the definitive static renewal 21 day test assessed the effect of the test material on daphnids over a 21 day period by observing survival, growth, and reproduction under controlled conditions to the following nominal loading rates: 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg/L prepared from dilutions of a 100 mg/L WAF. The test dispersions were renewed3times per week.  Survival, reproduction, and growth were recorded. TheDaphniawere fed daily with an algal and YCT suspension.

Results.

The measured concentrations of OS245830 differed by greater than 20% from the start of some exposure periods to the end, and therefore time-weighted means were calculated for each of the concentrations. The 21 day IC50s for neonate production, adult daphnid length and adult daphnid weight were > 0.8 mg/L based on nominal loading rates and >0.53 mg/L based on measured concentrations. The NOECs were 0.4 mg/L nominal (0.26 mg/L measured) for reproduction and 0.8 mg/L nominal (0.53 measured) for both daphnid length and daphnid weight, the latter being the highest level tested. The LOECs were 0.8 mg/L nominal for reproduction and >0.8 mg/L nominal for daphnid length and weight. Measured concentrations were calculated using the time weighted mean method.