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Toxicity to microorganisms

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Description of key information

The 3 hours EC20, EC50, and EC80 values for the test substance Lithium hydroxide anhydrous in the Activated Sludge Respiration Inhibition Test were 114.3, 180.8, and 286.1 mg/L (based on measured inhibition rates), respectively. The EC10 value was calculated by linear regression to be 79.2 mg/L for Lithium hydroxide anhydrous and 22.95 mg/L for Lithium ion.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC50 for microorganisms:
180.8 mg/L

Additional information

The influence of the test item Lithium Hydroxide on the activity of activated sludge by measuring the respiration rate was evaluated according to OECD Guideline 209 and EU method C.11. The respiration rate (oxygen consumption) of an aerobic activated sludge fed with a standard amount of synthetic sewage was measured in the presence of various concentrations of the test item after an incubation period of 3 hours. The inhibitory effect of the test item at the particular concentrations was expressed as percentage of the mean respiration rate of two controls. Following test concentrations were used: 10, 32, 100, 320 and 1000 mg Lithium Hydroxide/L; 3.2, 10 and 32 mg 3,5-Dichlorophenol/L and two inoculum controls. In comparison to the inoculum controls the respiration rate of the activated sludge was inhibited between –1.8% and 98.2 % up to the highest nominal test concentration of 1000 mg/L. Concentrations exceeding 1000 mg/L nominal were not tested. The 3-hour EC 50 for the positive control 3,5-Dichlorophenol, which was tested in the same way as the test item, was found to be 7.5 mg/L and is within the range of 5 – 30 mg/L recommended by the test guidelines; thus, confirming suitability of the activated sludge. The 3 hours EC20, EC50, and EC80 values for the test substance Lithium hydroxide in the Activated Sludge Respiration Inhibition Test were 114.3, 180.8, and 286.1 mg/L (based on measured inhibition rates), respectively. The EC10 value was calculated by linear regression to be 79.2 mg/L for Lithium hydroxide anhydrous and 22.95 mg/L for Lithium ion.

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