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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

1. Preamble1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document.
2. Warning before intervention2.1. Before attempting to rescue casualties, isolate area from all potential sources of ignition including disconnecting electrical supply.2.2. Ensure adequate ventilation and check that a safe, breathable atmosphere is present before entry into confined spaces.2.3. Drench contaminated clothing with water before removing to avoid risk of sparks from static electricity;2.4. (Subject to applicability) Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) can accumulate in the headspace of storage tanks and reach potentially hazardous concentrations.
3. Inhalation 3.1. Symptoms: May cause: headache, nausea, dizziness. Acute, high dose exposure may cause: central nervous system depression, confusion, altered mental status, seizures, cardiac arrhythmias. 3.2. Move to well-ventilated area. 3.3 Monitor for respiratory distress, administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required.3.4 In case of accident or unwellness, seek medical advice immediately (show directions for use or safety data sheet if possible). 3.5 Check vital signs regularly and act accordingly. 3.6 (Subject to applicability) If there is any suspicion of inhalation of H2S:* Rescuers must wear breathing apparatus, belt and safety rope, and follow rescue procedures.* Remove casualty to fresh air as quickly as possible.* Immediately begin artificial respiration if breathing has ceased.* Provision of oxygen may help.* Obtain medical advice for further treatment.
4. Skin Contact 4.1. Symptoms: Skin irritation. 4.2. Remove contaminated, saturated clothing immediately. 4.3 Wash area with soap and water for 10 to 15 minutes.
5. Eye Contact 5.1. Symptoms: May cause mild reversible eye irritation. 5.2. Remove contact lenses. 5.3 Irrigate exposed eyes with 0.9% normal saline if available or water for at least 15 minutes. 5.4 Irrigate before and after removing the lenses to prevent a carry-over of the substances to the shielded area of the lens.
6. Ingestion/aspiration 6.1. Incidental oral exposure: aspiration hazard; may be fatal if it enters the airways after swallowing. 6.2 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor/ physician. Do NOT induce vomiting. If vomiting does occur, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration.

Fire-fighting measures

1. Product specific hazards and other issues1.1. This substance will float and can be reignited on surface water.2. Extinguishing Media- Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)- Water fog (t Specifically rained personnel only)- Dry chemical powder- Carbon dioxide- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)- Sand or earth3. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media3.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.3.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.4. Combustion Products4.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.4.2. If sulphur compounds are present in appreciable amounts, combustion products may include also H2S and SOx (sulfur oxides) or sulfuric acid.5. Protective Equipment for Fire-fighters5.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

1. General information1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material. Stay upwind. In case of large spillages, alert occupants in downwind areas.1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel.Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency.1.3. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares). 1.4. (Subject to applicability): In those cases when the presence of dangerous amounts of H2S around the spilled product is suspected or proved, additional or special actions may be warranted, including access restrictions, use of special protection equipment, procedures and personnel training 1.5. If required, notify relevant authorities according to all applicable regulations. 2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders 2.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant and antistatic material2.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, specifically to aromatic hydrocarbons. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.2.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with filter(s) for organic vapours (and when applicable for H2S) or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.3. Spillages onto land3.1. Prevent product from entering sewers, rivers, waterways or other bodies of water3.2. If necessary dike the product with dry earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials.3.3. Large spillages may be cautiously covered with foam, if available, to limit vapour cloud formation. Do not use direct jets3.4. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation.3.5. Absorb spilled product with suitable non-combustible materials.3.6. Collect free product with suitable means. Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recovery or safe disposal.3.7. In case of soil contamination, remove contaminated soil and treat in accordance with local regulations.4. Spillages on water or at sea4.1. In case of small spillages in closed waters (i.e. ports), contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect spilled product by absorbing with specific floating absorbents 4.2. Large spillages in open waters should be contained with floating barriers or other mechanical means and recovered, only if this is strictly necessary and if fire/explosion risks can be adequately prevented. Otherwise control the spreading of the spillage, and let the substance evaporate naturally. 4.3. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.4.4. Collect all waste materials in suitable tanks or containers for recovery or safe disposal.5. Additional information5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may significantly influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.5.2. (Subject to applicability): Concentration of H2S in tank headspaces may reach hazardous values, especially in case of prolonged storage. This situation is especially relevant for those operations which involve direct exposure to the vapours in the tank.5.3. (Subject to applicability): Spillages of limited amounts of products, especially in the open air when vapours will be usually quickly dispersed, are dynamic situations, which are unlikely to entail exposure to dangerous concentrations. As H2S has a density greater than ambient air, a possible exception may regard the build-up of dangerous concentrations in specific spots, like trenches, depressions or confined spaces. In all these circumstances, however, the correct actions should be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Handling and storage

1. General Information1.1. (Subject to applicability - if classified as CMR). Obtain special instructions before use. 1.2. Risk of explosive mixtures of vapour and air. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding explosive atmospheres, and handling and storage facilities of flammable products, are followed. 1.3. (Subject to applicability) A specific assessment of inhalation risks from the presence of H2S in tank headspaces, confined spaces, product residue, tank waste and waste water, and unintentional releases must be made to help determine controls appropriate to local circumstances.1.4. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking 1.5. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area1.6. Avoid contact with the product.1.7. Avoid release to the environment.2. Handling2.1. Take precautionary measures against static electricity. 2.2. Ground/bond containers, tanks and transfer/receiving equipment2.3. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment2.4. Use only non-sparking tools2.5. The vapour is heavier than air. Beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.2.6. Use only bottom loading of tankers, in compliance with European legislation.2.7. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling operations.2.8. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not ingest. Do not breathe vapours.2.9. Use personal protective equipment as required. 2.10.For more information regarding protective equipment and operational conditions see Exposure scenarios. 3. Storage3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.3.2. Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills. 3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations.3.4. Before entering storage tanks and commencing any operation in a confined area check the atmosphere for oxygen content and flammability. (Subject to applicability) If sulphur compounds are suspected to be present in the product, check the atmosphere for H2S content. 3.5. Store separately from oxidising agents.4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage4.1. Recommended materials: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel.4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer.5. Container AdviceIf the product is supplied in containers:5.1. Keep only in the original container, or in an approved container for this kind of product. 5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled. Protect from the sunlight5.3. Light hydrocarbon vapours can build up in the headspace of containers. These can cause flammability / explosion hazards. Open slowly in order to control possible pressure release.5.4. Empty containers may contain flammable product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or incinerate empty containers, unless they have been properly cleaned. 6. Hygiene measures6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplace and should never be kept inside the pockets.6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
A) UN 1268
B) UN 1203
C) UN 3082
Select a UN number according to the classification rules in ADR/RID Part 2 - classification and the Dangerous Goods List in Table A 3.2
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
A) PETROLEUM DISTILLATES, N.O.S. or PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, N.O.S. (for generic and N. OS. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see ADR/RID 3.1.2.8)
B) GASOLINE or PETROL
C) ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S (for generic and N.OS. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see ADR/RID 3.1.2.8)
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Language:
English
Labels:
A) 3
B) 3
C) 9
Marks
A) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
B) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
C) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
Special provisions / remarks
Special provisions:
A) 664, 640C, 640D
B) 243, 534, 664
C) 274, 335, 375, 601
Remarks:
14.5 Environmentally hazardous substance
A) Yes
B) Yes
C) Yes
14.6 Special precautions for user
A) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage.
B) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage.
C) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage.

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
A) UN 1268
B) UN 1203
C) UN 3082
Select a UN number according to the classification rules in ADN Part 2 - classification and the Dangerous Goods List in Table A or Table C (for bulk vessels only)
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
A) PETROLEUM DISTILLATES, N.O.S. or PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, N.O.S.(for generic and N.O S. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name see ADN 3.1.2.8)
B) GASOLINE or PETROL
C) ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (for generic and N.OS. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name see ADN 3.1.2.8)
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Language:
English
Labels:
(Table A shipments only)
A) 3
B) 3
C) 9
Dangers (Table C shipments only)
A) 3+(N1, N2, N3, CMR, F, S)
B) 3+N2+CMR+F
C) 9+N2, F, (see ADN 3.2.3.1 column (5))
Marks (Table A shipments only)
A) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
B) Environmentally hazardous substance mark
C) Environmentally hazardous substance mark
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
14.5 Environmentally hazardous substance
A) Yes
B) Yes
C) Yes
14.6 Special precautions for user
A) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
B) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
C) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
A) UN 1268
B) UN 1203
C) UN 3082.
Select a UN number according to the classification rules in IMDG Part 2 - classification and the Dangerous Goods list in Part 3.2
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
A) PETROLEUM DISTILLATES, N.O.S. or PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, N.O.S. . (for generic and N.O.S. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see IMDG 3.1.2.8)
B) GASOLINE or PETROL
C) ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (for generic and N.O.S. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see IMDG 3.1.2.8)
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Labels:
A) 3
B) 3
C) 9
Marine pollutant
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Marks
A) Marine Pollutant mark
B) Marine Pollutant mark
C) Marine Pollutant mark

Remarks:
14.5 Marine Pollutant
A) Yes
B) Yes
C) Yes
14.6 Special precautions for user
A) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
B) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
C) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code
A) Not applicable. MARPOL Annex 1 rules apply for bulk shipments by sea.
B) Not applicable. MARPOL Annex 1 rules apply for bulk shipments by sea.
C) Not applicable. MARPOL Annex 1 rules apply for bulk shipments by sea.
Special Provisions
A) 363
B) 243, 363
C) 274, 335, 969

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
A) UN 1268
B) UN 1203
C) UN 3082
Select a UN number according to the classification rules in IATA Part 3 - classification and the List of Dangerous Goods list in IATA Part 4.2
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
A) PETROLEUM DISTILLATES, N.O.S. or PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, N.O.S (for generic and N.O .S. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see IATA 4.1.2.1 (d))
B) GASOLINE or PETROL
C) ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (for generic and N.O.S. entries the technical name shall be entered in brackets immediately following the proper shipping name, see IATA 4.1.2.1 (d)
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Labels:
A) 3
B) 3
C) 9
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Marks
A) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
B) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
C) Environmentally hazardous substance mark.

Remarks
14.5 Environmentally hazardous substance
A) Yes
B) Yes
14.6 Special precautions for user
A) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
B) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
C) Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
Preamble 0.1
The transportation of dangerous goods (by land, water or air) is a specialized professional field. Dangerous goods transport is regulated by an extensive body of recommendations, regulations, rules and agreements to ensure an adequate and harmonized level of safety for man and environment. Whereas some of these requirements have been adopted as European Union legislation (see reference), others are legally binding international treaties or sector agreements. They cover all the relevant technical aspects involved in the transport of dangerous goods (e.g. choice of equipment, labelling, documentation, packaging design, testing procedures, operating procedures etc.).
0.2
In addition to legal obligations discussed in the previous paragraph, Member states will also have in place detailed binding regulations governing the general conduct of transport activities, including licensing and inspection of vehicles, the authorization of drivers and other personnel, and issues relating to the rules of the road. There may also be specific national exceptions and requirements.
0.3
The legal framework and its accompanying detailed provisions will specify which actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or forbidden. Extensive repetition of this background information is not practicable in a safety data sheet and could make the document too long and difficult to read and understand, especially in an emergency when clear, brief information is needed.
0.4
The consideration of this background information enables the content of the safety data sheet to be concentrated on the identification of a product's proper shipping name and its hazard classification. Where it is relevant, other information may be added. This information will act as key for the professional for retrieving the necessary specific information in the relevant body of transport codes, rules and regulations.
0.5
Substances in this category may be classified differently. Factors affecting classification include composition, closed flash point, initial boiling point and aquatic toxicity. The differences are explained in additional transport information paragraphs that have been numbered.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Note: In this case the information in heading 8 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation.(If applicable, substance registered as an isolated or transported intermediate). Please refer to the assessment report on Risk Management Measures in Section 13 which provides the required information on Strictly Controlled Conditions for the registration of this isolated/transported intermediate.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations