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Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
29 April 2002 - 30 September 2002
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study performed according to internationally accepted guidelines and under GLP.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2002
Report date:
2002

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.6 (Skin Sensitisation)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.2600 (Skin Sensitisation)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Japan MAFF Testing Guideline of 12 Nosan No. 8147 (as this is in line with OECD 406.)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
Study performed prior to REACH

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-Oxetanone, 3-C12-16-alkyl-4-C13-17-alkylidene derivs.
EC Number:
284-932-5
EC Name:
2-Oxetanone, 3-C12-16-alkyl-4-C13-17-alkylidene derivs.
Cas Number:
84989-41-3
Molecular formula:
C32H60O2 / C34H64O2 / C36H68O2
IUPAC Name:
(4E)-4-(C13-C17)alkylidene-3-(C12-C16)alkyloxetan-2-one
Details on test material:
Name of test substance: Basoplast 20 konz. K
Test substance No.: 01/0711-1
Batch No.: PE 251001 / BB Nr. 2/intern 34
Date of manufacturing: October 25, 2001
Physical state / appearance: Solid / beige
Degree of purity / content: 80.7 g/100 g (analytical report No.: 01L00590).
Homogeneity: The test substance was homogeneous by visual inspection.
Stability: The stability under storage conditions over the study period was guaranteed by the sponsor. The information on stabilty of the test substance, which appropriately defines the test batch, is under the responsibility of the sponsor.
Storage conditions: Room temperature

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Dunkin-Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Winkelmann GmbH, Borchen, FRG
- Age at study initiation: about 7 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 316-411g
- Housing: 5 animals per cage. Stainless steel wire mesh cages with plastic-coated grating, minimum floor area: 2,000 cm2
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Kuba Labordiät (Kaninchen/ Meerschweinchen-Haltungsdiät) Provimi Kuba SA, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 6 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20-24
- Humidity (%): 30-70
- Air changes (per hr): no data
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: 29 April 2002 - 30 September 2002

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
olive oil
Concentration / amount:
Range finding:
The test substance concentrations for the main test were selected based on a study with a comparable test substance performed by a consulting institute (intradermal and epicutaneous induction only).
topical application: 75% or 50% in olive oil.

Main study:
Induction:
Intradermal injection - test substance 1% in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB or 1% in Freund's adjuvant / 0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1:1)
Topical - 75% in olive oil

Challenge:
Topical - 75% in olive oil
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
olive oil
Concentration / amount:
Range finding:
The test substance concentrations for the main test were selected based on a study with a comparable test substance performed by a consulting institute (intradermal and epicutaneous induction only).
topical application: 75% or 50% in olive oil.

Main study:
Induction:
Intradermal injection - test substance 1% in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB or 1% in Freund's adjuvant / 0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1:1)
Topical - 75% in olive oil

Challenge:
Topical - 75% in olive oil
No. of animals per dose:
5 control animals and 10 test animals.

A second control group (control group 2, 5 animals) has been intended for a potential 2nd challenge in case of borderline results at the 1st challenge. Control group 1 cannot be used in this case due to a possible sensitization by the single application of the test substance at the 1st challenge.
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS:
The test substance concentrations for the main test were selected based on a study with a comparable test substance performed by a consulting institute (intradermal and epicutaneous induction only).

For the challenge the maximum non-irritant concentration was determined with the pretest using 3 female animals. For detecting a possible influence on irritating effects of previous intradermal treatment with Freund's adjuvant, animals pretreated with Freund's adjuvant / 0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1: 1) each, in the same manner as intradermal induction for the test group referring front row (A) and back row (C) without test substance 2
weeks prior to the application of the test substance were used.

The test substance was applied to the skin of the flanks for 24 hours under occlusive dressing.

MAIN STUDY
A. INDUCTION EXPOSURE
- No. of exposures: single
- Exposure period: injections are given on day 0 and 6 days later the animals were topically exposed for 48 hours
- Test groups: 10
- Control group: two groups of 5 animals
- Site: neck region
- Frequency of applications: three pairs of intradermal injections and a topical application
- Duration: in total 8 days
- Concentrations: Intradermal injections: 1% test substance, Topical: 75% in olive oil

B. CHALLENGE EXPOSURE
- No. of exposures: single
- Day(s) of challenge: 14 days after end of the induction period
- Exposure period: 24 hours
- Test groups: 20
- Control group: two groups of 5 animals
- Site: intact flank
- Concentrations: 75% in olive oil.
The test group and control group 1 were treated with the test substance formulation. Additionally, olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB was applied as a vehicle control. Control group 2 only received olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB.
- Evaluation (hr after challenge): 24 and 48 hours after removal of the patches

OTHER:
Weight check of the individual animals:
On day 0 and at the last day of observation.

A check for any dead or moribund animal was made twice each workday and once on Saturdays, Sundays and on public holidays.

The evaluation of the skin reactions was performed according to the following grading scale of Magnusson and Kligman:
0 = no visible change
1 = discrete or patchy erythema
2 = moderate and confluent erythema
3 = intense erythema and swelling

Description of any dermal findings Onot covered by this scale were recorded using the following abbreviations:
E = swelling
K = incrustation, partially open
Challenge controls:
Treated the same as the test animals.
Positive control substance(s):
yes
Remarks:
A separate study is performed twice a year in the Iaboratory. The positive controls with Alpha-Hexylcinnamaldehyde techn. 85% showed that the test system was able to detect sensitizing compounds under the Iaboratory conditions chosen.

Results and discussion

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
other: 1st control group
Dose level:
75% in olive oil (right flank) or just olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: other: 1st control group. Dose level: 75% in olive oil (right flank) or just olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
other: 1st control group
Dose level:
75% in olive oil (right flank) or just olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: other: 1st control group. Dose level: 75% in olive oil (right flank) or just olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
other: 2nd control group
Dose level:
olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
1
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: other: 2nd control group. Dose level: olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 1.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
other: 2nd control group
Dose level:
olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: other: 2nd control group. Dose level: olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
75% in olive oil (right flank)
No. with + reactions:
2
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 75% in olive oil (right flank) . No with. + reactions: 2.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
75% in olive oil (right flank)
No. with + reactions:
2
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 75% in olive oil (right flank) . No with. + reactions: 2.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
1
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 1.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
just olive oil (left flank)
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
None
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: just olive oil (left flank). No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: None.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Induction

After the intradermal induction intense erythema and swelling were observed at the injection sites of all control group animais and all test group animais at which only Freunds adjuvant/0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1: 1) was applied.

At the injection sites of a 1% test substance preparation in Freund's adjuvant/0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1: 1) intense erythema and swelling were seen in all test group animals.

lnjections of a 1% test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB caused moderate and confluent erythema and swelling in all test group animals.

The control group animals, injected with olive oil Ph.Eur/DAB showed moderate and confluent erythema and swelling.

A 50% formulation of olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB with Freund's adjuvanh/0.9% aqueous NaCl-solution (1: 1) caused intense erythema and swelling in all control group animals. The epicutaneous induction with a 75% test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB led to incrustation, partially open (caused by the intradermal induction) in addition to moderate and confluent erythema and swelling in 9 test group animals and intense erythema and swelling in one test group animal. The control group animals, which were applied with the vehicle, showed incrustation, partially open (caused by the intradermal induction) in addition to moderate and confluent erythema and swelling.

Challenge

The challenge with a 75% test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB caused the following skin reactions:

Reading at 24 hours after removal of the patches:

- no skin findings in all animals of control group 1

- no skin findings in 8 out of 10 test group animais

- moderate and confluent erythema in 2 test group animals

Reading at 48 hours after removal of the patches:

- no skin findings in all animals of control group 1

- no skin findings in 8 out of 10 test group animais

- moderate and confluent erythema in 2 test group animals

Olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB which was applied as vehicle control to all control group and all test group animals caused discrete or patchy erythema in 1 out of 5 control group 2 animals (24 hours after removal of the patch) and in 1 out of 10 test group animals (24 and 48 hours after removal of the patches). No skin flndings were observed at the vehicle site of all animals of control group 1. Since no borderline results were observed, a 2nd challenge was not performed.

Body weights

The expected body weight gain was generally observed in the course of the study.

Tables with results:

1stcontrol group

Right flank posterior:

Form of application:

Test substance 75%

Left flank posterior: Form of application: Olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

in olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

Animal No.

24h

48h

24h

48h

311

0

0

0

0

312

0

0

0

0

313

0

0

0

0

314

0

0

0

0

315

0

0

0

0

Removal of the test substance (right flank posterior): with water

 

2ndcontrol group

Left flank posterior: Form of application: Olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

in olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

Animal No.

24h

48h

321

0

0

322

1

0

323

0

0

324

0

0

325

0

0

 

Test group

Right flank posterior:

Form of application:

Test substance 75%

Left flank posterior: Form of application: Olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

in olive 011 Ph./Eur. DAB

Animal No.

24h

48h

24h

48h

331

0

0

0

0

332

0

0

0

0

333

0

0

0

0

334

2

2

1

1

335

0

0

0

0

336

0

0

0

0

337

0

0

0

0

338

0

0

0

0

339

0

0

0

0

340

2

2

0

0

Removal of the test substance (right flank posterior): with water

 

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The results of this study show that Basopast 20 konz. K does not have a sensitizing effect on the skin of the guinea pig in the Maximization Test under the test conditions chosen.
Executive summary:

Basoplast 20 konz. K was tested for its sensitizing effect on the skin of the guinea pig in the Maximization Test based on the method of Magnusson and Kligman. The test substance concentrations for the main test were selected based on a study with a comparable test substance performed by a consulting institute resp. on the results of a pretest. The intradermal induction was performed with a 1 % test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB or 1 % test substance preparation in Freund's adjuvant / 0.9% aqueous NaCI-solution (1: 1) and the epicutaneous induction with a 75% test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB. For the challenge a 75% test substance preparation in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB was chosen.

The study was initiated with 2 control groups and 1 test group. The intradermal induction was performed on day 0 and the epicutaneous induction on day 7. A challenge was carried out 14 days after the epicutaneous induction. The intradermal induction caused moderate and confluent or intense erythema and swelling at the injection sites of the test substance preparation in all test group animals. After the epicutaneous induction incrustation, partially open (caused by the intradermal induction) could be observed in addition to moderate and confluent erythema or intense erythema and swelling in all test group animals. After the challenge application moderate and confluent erythema was observed in 2 test

group animals at the test substance application sites. One of these animais also showed discrete or patchy erythema after application of the vehicle. Furthermore olive oil Ph.Eur.IDAB caused discrete or patchy erythema in 1 control group 2 animal.

The number of animais with skin findings after the challenge is summarized in the following table:

 

Challenge

 

Test substance 75%

in olive oil Ph.Eur./DAB

Vehicle control: olive oh Ph.Eur./DAB

 

24h

48h

Total

24h

48h

total

Control group 1

0/5

0/5

0/5

0/5

0/5

0/5

Control group 2*

No application of test substance

 

1/5

0/5

1/5

Test group

2/10

2/10

2/10

1/10

1/10

1/10

x/y: number of positive reactions/number of animals tested (reading at 24 h and/or 48 h after the removal of the patch)

* control group 2 that had been intended for a potential 2nd challenge was not treated with the test substance, since a 2nd challenge was not necessary on the basis of the unambiguous results of the 1st challenge.

It was concluded that Basopast 20 konz. K does not have a sensitizing effect on the skin of the guinea pig in the Maximization Test under the test conditions chosen.