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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

First aid measures

1. Warning before intervention

1.1. Before attempting to rescue casualties, isolate area from all potential sources of ignition including disconnecting electrical supply.

1.2. Ensure adequate ventilation and check that a safe, breathable atmosphere is present before entry into confined spaces.

1.3. Drench contaminated clothing with water before removing to avoid risk of sparks from static electricity.



2. Inhalation


2.1. Symptoms: inhalation of vapours may cause headache, nausea, vomiting and an altered state of consciousness.

2.2. If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

2.3. If the casualty is unconscious and:
* Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.
* Breathing - place in the recovery position and keep the head below the level of the torso. Administer oxygen if necessary.

2.4. Obtain medical attention if casualty has an altered state of consciousness or if symptoms do not resolve.



3. Skin Contact

3.1. Symptoms: reddening, irritation.

3.2. Remove contaminated clothing and footwear, and dispose of safely.

3.3. Wash affected area with soap and water.

3.4. Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists.

3.5. When using high-pressure equipment, injection of product can occur. If high-pressure injuries occur, immediately seek professional medical attention. Do not wait for symptoms to develop.



4. Eye Contact

4.1. Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific).

4.2. Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing.

4.3. If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical advice from a specialist.


5. Ingestion/aspiration

5.1. Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.

5.2. Ingestion (swallowing) of this material may result in an altered state of consciousness and loss of coordination.

5.3. In case of ingestion, always assume that aspiration has occurred .The casualty should be sent immediately to a hospital. Do not wait for symptoms to develop.

5.4. Do not induce vomiting as there is high risk of aspiration.

5.5. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Fire-fighting measures

Fire fighting measures
1. Product specific hazards and other issues
1.1. This substance will float and can be reignited on surface water.


2. Extinguishing Media
- Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)
- Water fog (Specifically rained personnel only)
- Dry chemical powder
- Carbon dioxide
- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)
- Sand or earth


3. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media
3.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.
3.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.


4. Combustion Products
4.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.

5. Protective Equipment for Fire-fighters
5.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

Accidental release measures

1. General information

1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material. Stay upwind. In case of large spillages, alert occupants in downwind areas.
1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel.
Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency.
1.3. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares).
1.4. If required, notify relevant authorities according to all applicable regulations.


2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders

2.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant and antistatic material.
2.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, specifically to aromatic hydrocarbons. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.
2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots.
2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.
2.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with filter(s) for organic vapours or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.


3. Spillages onto land

3.1. Prevent product from entering sewers, rivers, waterways or other bodies of water.
3.2. If necessary dike the product with dry earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials.
3.3. Large spillages may be cautiously covered with foam, if available, to limit vapour cloud formation. Do not use direct jets.
3.4. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation.
3.5. Absorb spilled product with suitable non-combustible materials.
3.6. Collect free product with suitable means. Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recovery or safe disposal.
3.7. In case of soil contamination, remove contaminated soil and treat in accordance with local regulations.


4. Spillages on water or at sea

4.1. In case of small spillages in closed waters (i.e. ports), contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect spilled product by absorbing with specific floating absorbents.
4.2. Large spillages in open waters should be contained with floating barriers or other mechanical means and recovered, only if this is strictly necessary and if fire/explosion risks can be adequately prevented. Otherwise control the spreading of the spillage, and let the substance evaporate naturally.
4.3. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.
4.4. Collect all waste materials in suitable tanks or containers for recovery or safe disposal.


5. Additional information

5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may significantly influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.

Handling and storage

Handling and storage measures

1. General Information

1.1. Obtain special instructions before use.
1.2. Risk of explosive mixtures of vapour and air. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding explosive atmospheres, and handling and storage facilities of flammable products, are followed.
1.3. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.
1.4. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
1.5. Avoid contact with the product.
1.6. Avoid release to the environment.


2. Handling

2.1. Take precautionary measures against static electricity.
2.2. Ground/bond containers, tanks and transfer/receiving equipment.
2.3. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment.
2.4. Use only non-sparking tools.
2.5. The vapour is heavier than air. Beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.
2.6. Use only bottom loading of tankers, in compliance with European legislation.
2.7. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling operations.
2.8. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not ingest. Do not breathe vapours.
2.9. Use personal protective equipment as required.
2.10.For more information regarding protective equipment and operational conditions see Exposure scenarios.


3. Storage

3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.
3.2. Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills.
3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations.
3.4. Before entering storage tanks and commencing any operation in a confined area check the atmosphere for oxygen content and flammability.
3.5. Store separately from oxidising agents.


4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage

4.1. Recommended materials: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel.
4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer.


5. Container Advice

If the product is supplied in containers:
5.1. Keep only in the original container, or in an approved container for this kind of product.
5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled. Protect from the sunlight.
5.3. Light hydrocarbon vapours can build up in the headspace of containers. These can cause flammability / explosion hazards. Open slowly in order to control possible pressure release.
5.4. Empty containers may contain flammable product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or incinerate empty containers, unless they have been properly cleaned.


6. Hygiene measures

6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.
6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplace and should never be kept inside the pockets.
6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.
6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.
6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations

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