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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2013-01-24 - 2013-03-27
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013
Report Date:
2013

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material: dipotassium tetraborate tetrahydrate
- Physical state: White powder
- Analytical purity: > 99 %
- Lot/batch No.: MH01

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Kuiper Rabbit Ranch (Gary, IN).
- Age at study initiation: Approximately four months.
- Weight at study initiation: 3.24 – 3.4 kg
- Housing: The rabbits were housed individually in stainless steel cages suspended over excrement pans. Cage liners were placed in the pan below the stainless steel mesh floor of each animal cage to absorb liquids.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Each rabbit was provided with approximately 150 g of Harlan Teklad (Harlan Laboratories, Madison, WI) Certified High Fiber Rabbit Diet #2031 daily.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Was Supplied ad libitum by means of an automatic watering system.


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21°C to 22°C
- Humidity (%): 41% to 52%
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours of light followed by 12 hours of darkness.

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: Left eye served as a control and was not treated.
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
72 hours
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
Five per sex.
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): Eyes were washed with room temperature water for 30 seconds using a volume and velocity that would not cause injury.
- Time after start of exposure: 24 hours after administration.

SCORING SYSTEM: For each animal, mean scores for corneal opacity, iris lesions, conjunctival redness and conjunctival chemosis were calculated by adding the 24-, 48- and 72-hour post-dose scores for the respective parameter and dividing by three. The irritation potential of the test substance was assessed according to the following criteria, based upon the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union guidelines (Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, Dec. 2008):
- The test substance will be considered a nonirritant if, in at least two animals, the corneal opacity mean score is less than 1.0, the iris lesion mean score is less
than 1.0, the conjunctival redness mean score is less than 2.0, and the chemosis mean score is less than 2.0.
- The test substance will be considered a Category 2 (reversible eye effects) irritant if at least two of the three rabbits have a corneal opacity mean score greater than or equal to 1.0 but less than 3.0 and/or an iris lesion mean score greater than or equal to 1.0 but less than 1.5 and/or a conjunctival redness mean score greater than or equal to 2.0 and/or a chemosis mean score greater than or equal to 2.0.
- The test substance will be considered a Category 1 (irreversible eye effects) irritant if the corneal opacity mean score is greater than or equal to 3.0 and/or the iris lesion mean score is greater than 1.5 in at least two of the three rabbits tested.

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: The eye examinations were performed using a slit penlight and the treated eyes were scored for ocular reaction of the cornea, iris, conjunctivae, lids and nictitating membranes. Fluorescein stain was used to aid in the examination for corneal lesions at the 24-hour scoring interval.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Average 24, 48 & 72 h
Score:
0 - 0.7
Max. score:
0.7
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 days (initial testing) / 7 days (confirmatory testing)
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Average 24, 48 & 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
Redness
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Average 24, 48 & 72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 days (initial testing) / 7 days (confirmatory testing)
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Average 24, 48 & 72 h
Score:
0.7 - 1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 days (initial testing) / 7 days (confirmatory testing)

Any other information on results incl. tables

Mortality

No rabbits died during the study prior to scheduled euthanisation, nor were any adverse clinical observations noted at any time during the study.

Ocular Observations

No positive irritation scores were observed in any animal throughout the study for iris lesions. Conjunctival redness scores were 1.0 for all animals, and conjunctival chemosis scores ranged from 0.7 to 1.0. No signs of any ocular irritation were present at 14 days after dosing (initial testing) or 7 days after dosing (confirmatory testing).

Individual and Mean Eye Irritation Scores

1. Cornea (A = Density of Opacity; B = Area of Opacity)

 Animal Number (Sex)   1 Hour     24 Hours     48 Hours     72 Hours     7 Days     14 daysc     Meand
 A  B  A  B  A  B  A  B  A  B A B  
 804 (M)  0  -a  1  -b  1  -b  0  -  0  -  -  0.7
 805 (M)  0  -  1  -b  0  -  0  -  0  - NA  NA   0.7
 806 (F)  0  -  0  -  0  -  0  -  0  - NA  NA   0.0

a - = not applicable (no opacity)

b scattered/diffuse

c initial testing (animal 804) only

d Mean = sum of individual animal "A" scores at the 24 -, 48- and 72 -hour scoring intervals divided by 3.

2. Iris

Animal Number (Sex)   1 Hour  24 Hours 48 Hours   72 Hours 7 Days  14 Daysa  Meanb
 804 (M)  0  0  0  0  0  0  0.0
 805 (M)  0  0  0  0  0  NA  0.0
 806 (F)  0  0  0  0  0  NA  0.0

a initial testing (animal 804) only

b Mean = sum of individual animal "A" scores at the 24 -, 48- and 72 -hour scoring intervals divided by 3.

3. Conjunctiva (A = Redness; B = Chemosis)

 Animal Number (Sex)   1 Hour     24 Hours     48 Hours     72 Hours     7 Days  14 Days    Meanb   
 A  B  A  B  A  B  A  B  A  B  B  A  B
 804 (M)  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1 0 0 1.0 1.0
 805 (M)  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  1  0 NA  NA  1.0 1.0
 806 (F)  1  1  1  0  1  1  1  1  0 0 NA NA 1.0 0.7

a initial testing (animal 804) only

b Mean ("A" and "B" scores, respectively) = sum of individual animal scores at the 24 -, 48- and 72 -hour scoring intervals divided by 3.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: other: EU GHS
Conclusions:
Potassium tetraborate is classified as a nonirritant to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits, based on corneal opacity mean scores of less than 1.0, iris lesion mean scores ofless than 1.0, conjunctival redness mean scores of less than 2.0, and chemosis mean scores of less than 2.0 in at least two of the three rabbits tested [European Parliament and the Council of the European Union guidelines (Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, Dec. 2008)]. Recovery from all signs of irritation had occurred by 14 days after dosing (initial testing) or 7 days after dosing (confirmatory testing) with potassium tetraborate.