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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Emergency measure - Inhalation: Remove from exposure area to fresh air immediately. Perform
artifical respiration if necessary. Keep person warm and at
rest. Treat symptomatically and supportively. Seek
immediate medical attention.
Emergency measure - Eyes: Rinse eyes immediately with copious quantities of water or
normal saline solution, occasionally lifting upper and lower
lids, until no evidence of the substance remains (at least
15-20 minutes). Seek immediate medical attention.
Emergency measure - Skin: Remove contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. Wash
affected area with mild detergent and copious amounts of
water until no evidence of the substance remains (at least
15-20 minutes). Seek immediate medical attention.
Emergency measure - Ingestion: If vomiting occurs, keep head lower than hips to help
prevent aspiration. Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Seek immediate medical attention.

Fire-fighting measures

Recommended extinguishing agent: Water spray, dry chemical, foam or carbon dioxide
extinguishers may be used.

Product arising from burning: The substance is combustible and will burn if involved in a
fire, evolving noxious fumes (eg carbon oxides, iron oxides
and soot). However, there is no experimental evidence to
support the anticipated combustion products.

Product determined by test: N

Protective equipment: Full protective clothing and self-contained breathing
apparatus must be worn.

Accidental release measures

Emergency measures in case of spillage: Evacuate personnel from immediate vicinity.


Wear appropriate personal protective equipment conforming to
the relevant national or international standards as
mentioned in section 2.3.10.


Avoid dust formation by damping down with water. Absorb
spillages of solutions with a suitable inert material (eg
sand or soil). Carefully transfer the spillage to waste
containers, or use a sealed industrial vacuum machine.
Containers filled with waste material must be labelled in
the same way as the original containers.


Clean the spillage area with water and detergent.


Dispose of waste material by incineration in accordance with
local regulations.

Handling and storage

Handling: The substance should be stored, handled and used in
conditions of good industrial hygiene and in conformity with
any local regulations in order to avoid exposure.


Engineering controls are necessary to reduce exposure to the
substance.


When exposure cannot be prevented or adequately controlled
appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn.
Such protective equipment should conform to the appropriate
international or national standards as follows;

Chemical protective gloves to Standard EN374

Chemical resistant clothing to Standard EN368

Eye protection to Standard EN166


When necessary appropriate respiratory protection should be
used. e.g. a dust mask conforming to EN149 FFP1.


The standards mentioned above should be regarded as a
minimum.

Storage: Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.

Keep away from heat, steam pipes or sunlight.

Keep containers upright and tightly closed when not in use.

Packaging of the substance and or preparation: Plastic bags contained in cardboard boxes.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Danger other than fire: None known.

Chemical reaction with water: None which is hazardous.

Dust explosion: There is a potential dust explosion hazard from this
inorganic powder.

Dust explosion determined by test: N

Disposal considerations

Industry - Possibility of recovery/recycling: Recovery/recycling of the substance is not feasible.

Industry - Possibility of neutralisation: The notification tests have shown that the substance is
harmful by oral ingestion. No other properties considered
hazardous to human health have been identified.


The substance is considered "dangerous to the environment",
based on its low water solubility, high Pow and lack of
ready-biodegradability.


No chemical treatment is practicable to neutralise the
hazardous properties.


The dust hazard will be minimised by appropriate storage and
handling techniques.

Industry - Possibility of destruction: controlled discharge: Not recommended.

Industry - Possibility of destruction - incineration: The substance can be disposed of by incineration by burning
under controlled conditions at a licensed waste treatment
processor in accordance with local regulations. Stack gases
should be scrubbed, because noxious fumes (eg carbon
oxides,iron oxides and soot), could be formed.

Industry - Possibility of destruction - water purification: The substance should not normally be discharged directly to
the sewage system or the aqueous environment, although there
may be minimal release from plant washings during
formulation of toner preparations.

The substance is likely to be released to waste water from
paper recycling. However, this is unlikely to have adverse
effects as the substance has been shown not to be toxic to
sewage microorganisms.

Public at large - Possibility of recovery/recycling: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

Public at large - Possibility of neutralisation: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

Public at large - Possibility of destruction: controlled discharge: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

Public at large - Possibility of destruction - incineration: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

Public at large - Possibility of destruction - water purification: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

Public at large - Possibility of destruction - others: Not applicable as the substance will not be made available
to the general public.

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