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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Link to relevant study records
skin sensitisation: in vivo (LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
29 November 2012 - 17 December 2012
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Well documented GLP study performed according to OECD Guideline 442b with a small deviation in the weight of the test animals used. This deviation has no impact on the outcome of the study. The study is therefore reliable without restriction.
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 442B (Skin Sensitization: Local Lymph Node Assay: BrdU-ELISA)
Test animals 20-21 g instead of 21-25 g.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of study:
mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA)
other: CBA/JN
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
- Source: Harlan Laboratories
- Age at study initiation: 7-8 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 21-25 g
- Housing: Individually housed in Polysulphone solid bottomed cages measuring 35.5 x 23.5 x 19 cm with nesting material.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum4 RF 21 (Mucedola S.r.l., Via G. Galilei, 4, 20019, Settimo Milanese (MI) Italy)
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum tap water
- Acclimation period: At least 5 days

- Temperature (°C): 22°C ± 2°C
- Humidity (%): 55% ± 15%
- Air changes (per hr): 15-20
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

acetone/olive oil (4:1 v/v)
Range-finding test:
5 %, 10%, 25%, 50%, 100% w/w

Main test:
25, 50, 100% w/w

Concentrations were prepared in vehicle with the test item as supplied. No correction factor was applied.
No. of animals per dose:
Range-finding test: 1

Main test: 6
Details on study design:
- Irritation: excessive ear thickness > 25% at 100 %

- Criteria used to consider a positive response: increases in cell proliferation of draining lymph nodes

- 25 µL test item to dorsal ear surface days 1, 2, and 3
- Day 5; A solution of BrdU, at a concentration of 10 mg/mL in physiological saline (0.9% NaCl) was administered at the dose volume of 0.5 mL/animal; Intraperitoneal injection, using a 25 G needle and a plastic graded syringe of a suitable volume.
- Asphixiation by carbon dioxide 24 hr after injection of BrdU.
- Auricular lymph nodes excised, drained and pooled for each group, and 1 mL PBS added to pool.
A single cell suspension of lymph node cells (LNC) was prepared from each animal by gentle mechanical disaggregation and passage through a 70 µm nylon mesh.
The suspensions thus obtained were centrifuged and the supernatant resuspended in 20 mL of 2% BSA-PBS.
BrdU was measured by ELISA using a commercial kit (Roche Applied Science, Mannheim, Germany, Catalogue Number 11 647 229 001), according to manufacturer instructions.
Briefly, 100 μL of the LNC suspension was added to the wells of a flat-bottom 96-well microplate in triplicate. After fixation and denaturation of the LNC, 100 μL of anti-BrdU antibody labelled with peroxidase was added to each well and allowed to react.
Subsequently the anti-BrdU antibody was removed by washing and 100 μL of the substrate solution was then added and allowed to produce chromogen.
The reaction was finally stopped by adding 25 μL of Stop solution (1 M H2SO4).
Absorbance (OD) was detected at 450 nm (with reference wavelength: 690 nm).

Positive control substance(s):
hexyl cinnamic aldehyde (CAS No 101-86-0)
Differences between each treated group and the control group (individual BrdU labelling indices) were assessed by Dunnett's test. The homogeneity of the data was verified by Bartlett's test before Dunnett's test. If data were found to be inhomogeneous a Modified t test (Cochran and Cox) was applied.
Positive control results:
In the group treated with the positive control item, a stimulation index (SI) of 5.83 was calculated. As it was greater than 2, the study was regarded as valid.
Remarks on result:
other: Vehicle: Not applicable Test item: main study No increases in cell proliferation of draining lymph nodes were observed at any of the concentrations investigated. 25%-1.02 50%-1.06 100%-0.72

Range finding test:

- No signs of toxicity (clinical signs or toxicologically relevant body weight losses) were observed at any tested concentrations.

- The evaluation of visible reactions showed no erythema at any of the tested concentrations.

- The evaluation of ear thickness indicated that the reaction was acceptable (increase of less than 25% compared to Day 1) at the concentration of 100% (undiluted test item).

- The evaluation of ear punch weight indicated that the reaction was acceptable (increased less than 25% with respect to the negative control) at all the investigated concentrations.

Main study:

- No mortality

- Clinical Observations: No significant clinical signs were recorded in animals treated at any dose level.

- Body weights: weight decreases/reduced body weight gains observed in some animals from all groups (including controls). They were considered of low entity and/or incidental and thus not toxicologically relevant.

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
The results obtained in this study indicate that zirconium acetate solution (40.7% as zirconium acetate, anhydrous) does not elicit any sensitisation response in mice following dermal exposure. According to EU CLP (Council Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 and subsequent revisions), the substance tested under these experimental conditions does not need to be classified.
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Additional information:

The potential of test item, zirconium acetate solution (40.7% as zirconium acetate anhydrous), to cause skin sensitisation reactions following topical application to the skin of CBA/JN (CBA/J) mice, was assessed using the LLNA:BrdU-ELISA method, according to OECD Guideline for testing of chemicals no. 442b.

In the main sensitisation assay, the test item was administered at the concentrations of 100% (undiluted test item, not corrected for zirconium acetate concentration of 40.7% w/w), 50% and 25% w/w.

No increases in cell proliferation of draining lymph nodes were observed at any of the concentrations investigated. The calculated stimulation indices (SI) were 1.02, 1.06 and 0.72, respectively low, mid- and high dose levels.

The results obtained in this study indicate that the test item does not elicit any sensitisation response in mice following dermal exposure.

Migrated from Short description of key information:
In an LLNA test according to OECD Guideline 442B, zirconium acetate proved not to be sensitising to the skin (Longobardi, 2013c). The results obtained in this study indicate that zirconium acetate solution (40.7% as zirconium acetate anhydrous) does not elicit any sensitisation response in mice following dermal exposure.

Justification for selection of skin sensitisation endpoint:
There is only one reliable study available.

Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the available data and according to the criteria of the DSD and CLP Regulation, the substance does not need to be classified for skin sensitization.