Registration Dossier

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

General instructions Warning ! Flammable liquid

IN CASE OF HEAVY OR PERSISTENT DISTURBANCES, CALL A DOCTOR OR SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE URGENTLY

Route of exposure

Inhalation
Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
seek medical advice immediately.
if necessary, give oxygen
if breathing has stopped: administer artificial respiration.
Keep under medical surveillance

Skin contact
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing
wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water.
in case of serious contamination, seek immediate hospital treatment

Eye contact
Do not wear contact lenses in any work area.
flush immediately with plenty of water, holding the eyelids open
Get medical advice (ophthalmologist)

Ingestion
give nothing to drink and do not induce vomiting (risk of pulmonary aspiration).
Risk of serious damage if inhaled into lungs, (caused e.g by vomiting), seek medical advice urgently.
If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)

Protective equipment for first-aiders
if exposure is likely to exceed the occupational exposure limit, in a ventilated space, use an approved respiratory protective equipment; in confined space, use a autonomous breathing apparatus.

Indication of any medical attention
no information available

Fire-fighting measures

Technical measures
call the safety and environment service immediately.
evacuate non-essential personnel
use fine spray or fog to control fire by preventing its spread and absorbing some of its heat.
keep tankage cool by continuous spraying with water (for non cryogenic storage).

Extinguishing media

Suitable
carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemicals, foam.

Not to be used
do not use water jets (stick jets) for extinguishing fire since they could help to spread the flames

Special peril
complete combustion, with an excess of oxygen forms: carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapour , NOx.
partial combustion forms also: carbon monoxide (CO), soot and cracked products: aldehydes, ketones , carbon , polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PCA or PAH) , etc...

Special exposure hazards
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
fire may cause pressure rise with risk of bursting and subsequent explosion
spreading of fire- and explosion hazard by liquid layers on the water surface

Protective equipment for firefighters
wear suitable breathing equipment, in case of risk of exposure to vapour or fumes.
protective clothing, goggles and self-contained breathing equipment should be made available for firemen.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions

For non-emergency personnel:
according to exposure conditions, wear suitable:
industrial gloves
goggles/spectacles
breathing apparatus

For emergency responders:
wear suitable breathing equipment, in case of risk of exposure to vapour or fumes.

Environmental precautions
installations must be designed to avoid accidental spill on soil and water.
avoid discharge of the material in a stream or a sewerage system or cause ground contamination.

After spillage / leakage
call the safety and environment service immediately.
evacuate non-essential personnel
stop the spill at source if possible, without endangering the operator.
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.
no smoking
maintain the level of gases under the explosion limits by artificial aeration.

on soil:
soil recovery by physical means.
never use dispersant.
take up small spills with dry chemical absorbent.
absorb product with an adequate material such as paper, rags, sawdust,...
dispose safely in accordance with local or national regulations.

on water:
use floating absorbent material to be removed mechanically.
if the material has been discharged into a stream or a sewerage system, inform the authorities of the possible presence of floating materials.
dispose safely in accordance with local or national regulations.

Handling and storage

Important refer to any national measures that may be relevant.

HANDLING
handle under adequate ventilation
In use, may form flammable / explosive vapour-air mixture.
avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air. (particulary during loading or unloading product)
the vapour is heavier than air and explosive mixtures can accumulate in low spots: it may be ignited at some distance away from the spill resulting in flashbacks.
all possible sources of ignition must be removed.
avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.
where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn including gloves
use suitable anti-static safety shoes and protective clothing
When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Technical measures
cleaning, inspection and maintenance of storage tanks requires the implementation of strict procedures
working has to be made only on cold, degassed and ventilated storage tanks. (risk of explosive atmosphere)
take precautionary measures against static discharge during blending and transfer operations.
use explosion proof electrical equipment
all conductive materials must be electrically earthed.

Instructions for use
Use product only in a closed system.
Do not use air for transfers
Use a slow speed of circulation (static electricity risk)
Take appropriate measures in case the use or processing of the product forms stable emulsions with water

STOCKAGE
use only containers, joints, pipes, etc...made in a material suitable for use with aromatic hydrocarbons.
store away from heating source. avoid static electricity build up with connection to earth.
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
keep in a well-ventilated place.
keep container tightly closed.
Retain in the original container; if other containers are used: transfer, if necessary, all labelling information to the new container
can form explosive mixture with air particularly in empty uncleaned receptacles
installations must be designed to avoid any propagation of burning slick.
provide a retention storage tank
spreading of fire- and explosion hazard by liquid layers on the water surface

Incompatible materials
avoid contact with strong oxidizing materials, acids and bases

container
Suitable stainless steel

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S. (Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Aromatic hydrocarbons)
Chemical name:
Naphtha (petroleum), steam-cracked middle arom.
Language:
English
Labels:
3
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Hazard identification number: 33
Tunnel code: D/E

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
3295
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels:
3
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Hazards (3+N2)

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S. (Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Aromatic hydrocarbons)
Chemical name:
Naphtha (petroleum), steam-cracked middle arom.
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S. (Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Aromatic hydrocarbons)
Chemical name:
Naphtha (petroleum), steam-cracked middle arom.
Labels:
Class 3 - Flammable liquid
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure controls refer to any national measures that may be relevant.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMIT

Toluene:
UK: HSE EH40/2005:
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA reference period) : 50 ppm - 191 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute reference period): 150 ppm - 574 mg/m³
IRL(2002): OEL (8h): 50 ppm - 188 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 150 ppm - 560 mg/m³
US (ACGIH-2009): TLV– 8h TWA: 20 ppm - 75 mg/m³
EC (2006): VL (8h): 50 ppm - 192 mg/m³ ; (15 min) : 100 ppm - 384 mg/m³

Ethyl benzene:
UK: HSE EH40/2005:
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA reference period) : 100 ppm - 441 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute reference period): 125 ppm - 552 mg/m³
US (ACGIH-2009): TLV-8h TWA: 100 ppm - 434 mg/m³ ; TLV-15min STEL: 125 ppm - 543 mg/m³
IRL(2002): OEL (8h): 100 ppm - 435 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 125 ppm - 545 mg/m³
EC (2000): VL (8h): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 200 ppm - 884 mg/m³

Xylene: (o-,m-, p- or mixed isomers)
UK: HSE EH40/2005:
Long-term exposure limit (8-hour TWA reference period) : 50 ppm - 220 mg/m³
Short-term exposure limit (15-minute reference period): 100 ppm - 441 mg/m³
US (ACGIH-2009): TLV-8h TWA: 100 ppm - 434 mg/m³ ; TLV-15min STEL: 150 ppm - 651 mg/m³
EC (2000): VL (8h): 50 ppm - 221 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³
IRL(2002): OEL (8h): 50 ppm - 221 mg/m³ ; (15 min): 100 ppm - 442 mg/m³

EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION:

The substance is classified as flammable and therefore the following conditions must be met to ensure safe use: “Risks are controlled by storage and use under conditions which avoid all ignition sources.”

Personal protection

Respiratory protection
if exposure is likely to exceed the occupational exposure limit, in a ventilated space, use an approved respiratory protective equipment; in confined space, use a autonomous breathing apparatus.
recommended filter type : A

Hands protection
gloves resistant to aromatic hydrocarbons

In case of immersion:
recommended material: fluorinated polymer or polyvinyl alcohol
layer thickness : all thicknesses
penetration time according to norm EN 374-3 > 480 minutes

In case of contact with spray:
recommended material: nitrile
layer thickness > 0,45 mm
penetration time according to norm EN 374-3 > 30 minimum

Remarks:
Gloves may degrade in contact with this chemical.
• Carefully check the glove for cracks or damage before reusing it, dispose of gloves where the penetration time is exceeded.
• The penetration time depends on temperature, glove material, thickness and construction.
Penetration time is measured against EN 374 in laboratory conditions corresponding to permanent static contact and is not necessarily representative of the risk in the workplace.
Contact the gloves' supplier for further information on the selection and resistance of gloves.

Skin and body protection
shower and eye fountain available.

Eye protection
Do not wear contact lenses in any work area.
goggles/spectacles

Other personal protection
where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn including gloves
safety non-slip shoes in areas where spills or leaks can occur.
safety shoes (keg / gas cylinder manipulation)

Industrial health measures:

General:
handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety procedures; avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air (particulary during loading or unloading product); avoid contact with skin (wear gloves tested to EN374) and eyes (wear suitable eye protection; goggles/spectacles); avoid splashes (suitable protective clothing, screen, aprons, etc...); do not wipe hands with cloths or rags which have been used for cleaning; remove all contaminated clothing and remove protective clothing when the work is completed; wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water; do not store near food products. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Specific:
a. Substance manufacture, use as intermediate, use in formulation (blending) or use as fuel is usually made either in closed process with no likelihood of exposure or in closed continuous process with occasional situations where controlled exposure can occur. For these uses, Risk Management Measures (RMM) are however required for of the following specific tasks:
• Mixing operation – open system, production of preparation or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation: provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur or handle substance within a predominantly closed system provided with extract ventilation (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Process sampling: handle substance within a closed system (e.g. sampling collected under closed loop system) or ensure material transfers are under containment or extract or general ventilation (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency or higher)
• Transfers (drum/batch/bulk): handle substance within a closed system or ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation or provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• Equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance or wear a mask conforming to EN 140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency or higher)
• Vessel and container cleaning: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance and apply vessel entry procedures including use of forced supplied air ((equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)

The required efficiency of the RMM (e.g. efficiency of extract ventilation system) or the type of RMM depends of the operational conditions. Further information can be found in the exposure scenarios.

b. For the use of the substance in polymer production, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers: handle substance within a closed system or ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• For cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance
(equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) or wear a mask conforming to EN 140 with Type A filter or
better

c. For the use of the substance in polymer processing, RMMs are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers, small scale weighting, additive premixing, calendaring, production of articles by dipping and pouring, extrusion and masterbatching and injection moulding of articles : provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour)(equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)
• For cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance
(equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency) or wear a mask conforming to EN 140 with Type A filter or
better

Others RMMs of equivalent efficiency can be used. Furthers details on operational conditions that lead to the choice of RMMs can be found in the exposure scenarios.

Health measures – professional:

General:
avoid producing or diffusing fumes, vapour or spray into the air (particulary during loading or unloading product); where exposure is likely, protective clothing must be worn; avoid contact with skin and eyes; avoid splashes (suitable protective clothing, screen, gloves etc...); do not wipe hands with cloths or rags which have been used for cleaning; remove all contaminated clothing and remove protective clothing when the work is completed; wash skin as soon as possible with soap and water; do not store near food products. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Specific:
a. For the use of the substance as fuel, RMM are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Bulk transfers: provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (10 to 15
air changes per hour) (equivalent to 70% of removal efficiency)
• Drum/batch transfers and dipping, immersion and pouring: use drum pumps or carefully pour from container (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency)
• For equipment cleaning and maintenance: drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance or wear a mask conforming to EN 140 with Type A filter or better (equivalent to 80% of removal efficiency or higher)

b. For the use of the substance in road and construction, RMM are required only for the following specific tasks:
• Drum/batch transfers at dedicated facility: clear transfer lines prior to de-coupling, use dedicated equipment [E85] and provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur (equivalent to 90% of removal efficiency)
• Drum/batch transfers at non-dedicated facility: provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) or ensure operation is undertaken outdoors (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency) and avoid carrying out activities involving exposure for more than 4 hours
• Manual roller application or brushing, dipping, immersion and pouring and equipment cleaning and maintenance: limit the substance content in the product to 25% and provide a good standard of general ventilation (not less than 3 to 5 air changes per hour) or ensure operation is undertaken outdoors (equivalent to 30% of removal efficiency)

Others RMMs of equivalent efficiency can be used. Furthers details on operational conditions that lead to the choice of RMMs can be found in the exposure scenarios.

Health measure for consumer:

For the use of the substance as fuel, no specific RMMs are identified if the operational conditions described in the exposure scenarios are followed. Other operational conditions can be used provided that the RMMs described in exposure scenarios are adapted.


Environmental exposure controls:

Specific:
for substance manufacture, use as intermediate, use in formulation, use as fuel, use in polymer production and processing and in road construction, the following RMM applies:
• Do not apply industrial sludge to natural soils. Sludge should be incinerated, contained or reclaimed. If waste of the substance is generated, external treatment and disposal of waste should comply with applicable local and/or national regulations
• Where emission of the substance occurs:
• The removal efficiency of the substance depends on operational conditions and tonnage of production/use in practice on the industrial site. Further information can be found in the exposure scenarios.
• The treatment of air must remove emissions with an efficiency ranging from 0 to >90 %
• Wastewater treatment must remove emissions with an efficiency of ¿ 95 %.

Stability and reactivity

REACTIVITY

Stability
stable under normal operating conditions of storage, handling and use
the product is combustible if heated above the flash point.

Hazardous reactions
Highly flammable

CONDITIONS TO AVOID
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
avoid proximity or contact with hot surfaces, flames, electrostatic charges or sparks.

MATERIALS TO AVOID
avoid contact with strong oxidizing materials

Decomposition products
complete combustion, with an excess of oxygen forms: carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour.
partial combustion, forms also: carbon monoxide (CO), soot and cracked products: aldehydes, ketones

Disposal considerations

Waste disposal

hazardous waste
dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations.
authorized disposal
do not dispose off this product into the environment

Disposal of contaminated packaging
empty bags may contain flammable or explosive vapour
dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations.
do not dispose off this product into the environment