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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
02 February 2010
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
according to guideline
EU Method B.4 (Acute Toxicity: Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
according to guideline
EPA OPPTS 870.2500 (Acute Dermal Irritation)
according to guideline
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nousan, Notification No 8147, November 2000, including the most recent partial revisions.
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
EC Number:
EC Name:
Cas Number:
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Oleyl tripropylenetetramine
- Substance type: white paste
- Physical state: solid
- Analytical purity: see attached certificate of analysis
- Impurities (identity and concentrations): Free acrylonitrile <4 ppm, water: 0.1 %)
- Composition of test material, percentage of components: see attached certificate of analysis
- Purity test date: 5 February 2009
- Lot/batch No.:S001029
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 14 May 2017
- Stability under test conditions: stable
- Storage condition of test material: At room temperature in the dark under Nitrogen

Test animals

New Zealand White
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
- Source: Harlan, Belton, Leics, England.
- Age at study initiation: at least 6 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: at least 1.0 kg
- Housing: The animal was individually housed in a labeled cage with perforated floor and shelter
- Diet: ad libitum
- Water: ad libitum)
- Acclimation period: Acclimatization period was at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions

- Temperature (°C): 18.8 - 20.6ºC
- Humidity (%): 44 - 74%
- Air changes (per hr): approximately 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: 02 February 2010

Test system

Type of coverage:
Preparation of test site:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Amount / concentration applied:
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 grams

pH (1% in water, indicative range): 10.2-10.7

Duration of treatment / exposure:
3 minutes, 1 hour and 4 hours:
The study was initiated by treatment of one rabbit. This animal received of 0.5 grams of the test substance to the intact, clipped skin of one flank using a Metalline patch of 2x3 cm. The patch was mounted on Micropore tape#, which was wrapped around the abdomen and secured with Coban elastic bandage. The dressing was removed 3 minutes after application. Since no signs of severe skin reactions (i.e. necrosis or corrosion) were observed and it was considered that exposure could be continued humanely, two samples of 0.5 grams of the test substance were then applied to separate skin-sites on the intact, clipped skin of the same animal, using an identical procedure and one sample per dressing. One of the dressings was removed after a 1-hour exposure. After similar considerations (i.e. no severe skin reactions, necrosis or corrosion), the other dressing was removed after a 4-hour exposure. Since signs of severe skin reactions (i.e. necrosis) were observed after 4 hours of exposure, the study was immediately terminated, and no further testing was performed.
Observation period:
up to 4 hours after the first application when the single treated animal was sacrificed for ethical reasons.
Number of animals:
1 (based on the severe skin reactions, no further animals were exposed to the test substance)
Details on study design:
- Area of exposure: 2x3 cm
- Type of wrap if used: Coban elastic bandage

- Washing (if done): water and ethanol
- Time after start of exposure: immediately

The skin reactions of all visible treated sites were assessed immediately after removal of a dressing. The irritation scores and a description of all other (local) effects were recorded. Adjacent areas of untreated skin of the animal served as controls.

The irritation was assessed according to the following numerical scoring system. At each observation, the highest scores given were recorded:

Erythema and eschar formation:
No erythema 0
Very slight erythema (barely perceptible) 1
Well-defined erythema 2
Moderate to severe erythema 3
Severe erythema (beef redness) * 4
*. Where signs of necrosis or corrosion (injuries in depth) prevent erythema scoring, the
maximum grade for erythema (= 4) is given.

Oedema formation:
No oedema 0
Very slight oedema (barely perceptible) 1
Slight oedema (edges of area well-defined by definite raising) 2
Moderate oedema (raised approximately 1 millimeter) 3
Severe oedema (raised more than 1 millimeter and extending beyond the area of exposure) 4

Other observations:

Mortality/Viability Twice daily.

Toxicity At least once daily.

Body Weight Day of treatment (prior to application).

Necropsy No necropsy was performed.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Irritant / corrosive response data:
A 3-minute exposure to 0.5 g of Oleyl tripropylene tetramine (C18 tripropylene tetramine) resulted in very slight erythema at 1 and 4 hours after exposure.
A 1-hour exposure resulted in very slight erythema immediately after exposure and in well defined erythema at 3 hours after exposure.
A 4-hour exposure resulted in dark brown discolouration surrounded by grey discolouration at the edge of the application area (sign of necrosis) immediately after exposure.
Other effects:
Sticky or dry remnants of the test substance were present on the skin after exposure.

Any other information on results incl. tables

See attached table Individual irritation scores.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 1C (corrosive)
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: other: OECD GHS and EC 1272/2008
The dark brown discolouration surrounded by grey discolouration at the edge of the application area are signs of necrosis. Following this observation, the animal was sacrificed for humane reasons. These severe skin reactions are expected to result in deep and thick scab formation with possible ruptures of the scab, or the scab may drop off exposing scar tissue. Overall, these skin reactions were considered evidence of full thickness destruction of the skin, and hence no further animals were tested.
Based on these results and according to the:
- Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2007), Oleyl tripropylene tetramine (C18 tripropylene tetramine) should be classified as: skin corrosive (Category 1C).
- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures, Oleyl tripropylene tetramine (C18 tripropylene tetramine) should be classified as Corrosive
(Category 1C) and labeled as H314: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.