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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Comparable to OECD 405 guideline study (2002) with acceptable restrictions [dose 50 mg (OECD: volume of 100 mg); 2 animals are used (OECD:3); no whashing done (OECD: washing after 1 h), observation period 8 days (OECD: 21)] For read-across justification refer to section 13.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1978
Report Date:
1978

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
BASF-TEST: Before OECD guideline 405 was established, eye irritation was tested using an internal method. White Vienna rabbits were used. Usually approximately 50 mg of the test substance were applied to the conjunctival sac of one eye of 2 animals. In studies with solids, talcum powder was used as control. The animals were observed several times on the treatment day and up to 8 days afterwards, and findings were recorded on working days.
The eyes were not washed out after 24 h as specified in OECD Guideline 405, which could be critical for solids which thus remained on the cornea for several days, causing mechanical damage. Probably, this would have been less severe if it had been washed out after 1 day
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Purity: 87%
- Physical state: Solid

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
Vienna White

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: talcum powder treated eye of the same animal
Amount / concentration applied:
50 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
- unspecified; substance was not washed out
Observation period (in vivo):
8 days
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
2
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing: no washing was done

READING TIME POINTS
10 min, 1 h, 3 h, 24 h, 72 h, 4 d, 7d 8 days after application

READING TIME POINTS USED FOR ASSESSMENT
24 hand 72 h

SCORING SYSTEM:
For the evaluation the BASF scores given in the raw data were converted to Draize scores

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
1.3
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 8 days
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
1.5
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 8 days
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24 -72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: 24-72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 8 days
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: 24 -72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not fully reversible within: 8 days
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
0.8
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
0.5
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24 - 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritant / corrosive response data:
- The talcum powder treated eye of animal 1 showed conjunctivae score grade 1 after 24 h, this effect was fully reversible within 72 h
- The talcum powder treated eye of animal 2 showed conjunctivae score grade 1 after 24 h and 72 h, this effect was not observable on day 4 - 7 but reappeared on day 8
Other effects:
- during the observation time a grease like layer on the eyes was observed in both animals

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information