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Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
October 2012
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Well performed and reported GLP study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Diammonium [[N,N'-ethylenebis[N-(carboxylatomethyl)glycinato]](4-)-N,N',O,O',ON,ON']zincate(2-)
EC Number:
EC Name:
Diammonium [[N,N'-ethylenebis[N-(carboxylatomethyl)glycinato]](4-)-N,N',O,O',ON,ON']zincate(2-)
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
zinc(2+) ion 2-({2-[(carboxylatomethyl)amino]ethyl}(carboxymethyl)amino)acetate diamine
Test material form:
other: solution in water
Details on test material:
Description: light yellow liquid
Batch: CFC-10397 (559H1010)
Purity/Composition: ~54%
Test substance storage: At room temperature in the dark
Stability under storage conditions: Stable
Expiry date: 01 April 2013
Specific Gravity / Density: 1320 kg/m3
pH: 6-8 (1% solution)

Test animals

Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
Species: rat, Wistar strain Crl:WI (Han) (outbred, SPF-Quality). Recognized by international guidelines as the recommended test system (e.g. OECD, EC)
Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany.
Number of animals: 6 Females (nulliparous and non-pregnant). Each dose group consisted of 3 animals.
Age and body weight: Young adult animals (approx. 8 weeks old) were selected. Body weight variation did not exceed +/- 20% of the sex mean.
Identification: Ear- and tailmark

Environmental controls for the animal room were set to maintain 18 to 24°C, a relative humidity of 40 to 70%, approximately 15 room air changes/hour, and a 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle. Any variations to these conditions were maintained in the raw data and had no effect on the outcome of the study.

Group housing of 3 animals per cage in labeled Makrolon cages (MIV type; height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
Acclimatization period was at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions.

Free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).

Free access to tap water.

Diet, water, bedding and cage enrichment evaluation for contaminants and/or nutrients was performed according to facility standard procedures.

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Details on oral exposure:
Method: oral gavage, using plastic feeding tubes.
Fasting: animals were deprived of food overnight prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test substance. Water was available ad libitum.
Frequency: single dosage on Day 1.
Dose level (volume): 2000 mg/kg (2.81 mL/kg) body weight.
Dose volume calculated as (dose level (g/kg) / density (g/mL)) x 1.85 (A correction was made for purity of the test substance (correction factor 1.85)
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Control animals:
Details on study design:
Mortality/Viability: twice daily.
Body weights: days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15.
Clinical signs: at periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15. The symptoms were graded according to fixed scales and the time of onset, degree and duration were recorded:
Maximum grade 4: grading slight (1) to very severe (4)
Maximum grade 3: grading slight (1) to severe (3)
Maximum grade 1: presence is scored (1).
Necropsy: at the end of the observation period, all animals were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure and subjected to necropsy. Descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded.
Not needed, limit test

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
act. ingr.
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
other: Hunched posture was shown by one animal on Day 1.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Other findings:

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
The oral LD50 was in excess of 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

The study was carried out based on the guidelines described in: OECD No.423 (2001) "Acute Oral Toxicity, Acute Toxic Class Method"; Commission Regulation (EC) No 440/2008, B1 tris: "Acute Oral Toxicity, Acute Toxic Class Method"; EPA, OPPTS 870.1100 (2002), "Acute Oral Toxicity"; JMAFF guidelines (2011) including the most recent partial revisions.

EDTA-Zn(NH4)2 was administered by oral gavage to two subsequent groups of three female Wistar rats at 2000 mg/kg body weight. Animals were subjected to daily observations and weekly determination of body weight. Macroscopic examination was performed after terminal sacrifice (Day 15).

No mortality occurred. Hunched posture was noted in one animals on day 1. The body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be normal. No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals. The oral LD50 value of EDTA-Zn(NH4)2 in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight. According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.

Based on these results, EDTA-Zn(NH4)2does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011) andRegulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures.