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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study was conducted under GLP-conditions in accordance with Guideline No 405.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1999
Report Date:
1999

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
from February 1987
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
from January 1997
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River, Deutschland GmbH, Stolzenseeweg 32-36, 88353 Kisslegg
- Age at study initiation: not reported
- Weight at study initiation: 2.8 - 3.2 kg bw
- Housing: caged individually in PPO cages (floor area: 2576 cm2) with perforated floor
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): pelleted complete rabbit diet Altromin 2123 from Altromin, D-32791 Lage/Lippe, Germany, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): free access to domestic quality drinking watet acidified with hydrochloric acid to pH 2.5
- Acclimation period: at least 7 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 55 ± 15
- Air changes (per hr): 10
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: The right eye remained untreated and served as control.
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
single administration; after 24 hour reading Fluorescein was instilled and treated eye was washed with 20 mL 0.9% sodium chloride solution
Observation period (in vivo):
The eyes were examined on the day before testing and 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the treatment.
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
4
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- substance was not removed from the treated eye

SCORING SYSTEM:
see section "Any other information on materilas and methods incl. tables"

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE:
Fluorescein was instilled after 24 hours, eyes were rinsed with 20 mL 0.9% sodium chloride solution and were examined using UV light

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: mean of scores at 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: mean of scores at 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: mean of scores at 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: mean of scores at 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
48 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
48 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
48 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
48 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
One hour after application of the test article all animals showed a diffuse crimson red conjunctiva with individual vessels not easily discernible and some swelling above normal. After 24 hours all animals showed some conjunctival vessels definitely injected. After 48 and 72 hours all animals were free of any signs of eye irritation.
Other effects:
No other effects were reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The substance is non irritating to the rabbit eye.
Executive summary:

The potential for eye irritation was tested for methyl acetate in a GLP study according to OECD guideline No. 405. Four female albino rabbits weighing 2.8 to 3.2 kg were used in the study. The day before testing both eyes of the animals were examined before and after the instillation of Fluorescein to ensure there were no defects or irritation. The next day an aliquot of 0.1 mL of the neat substance was placed in the left eyes of the animals by gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The lids were then gently hold together for one second. The right eye remained untreated and served as control. The eyes were examined and the grade of ocular reaction was recorded 1 and 24 hours later. After a first reading at 24 hours, Fluorescein was instilled and the treated eye was rinsed with 20 mL 0.9 % sodium chloride solution. Then the eye was examined again using UV-light to detect possible corneal damage. Further gradings were done after 48 and 72 hours after treatment. One hour after application of the test article all animals showed a diffuse crimson red conjunctiva with individual vessels not easily discernible and some swelling above normal. After 24 hours all animals showed some conjunctival vessels definitely injected. After 48 and 72 hours all animals were free of any signs of eye irritation. On the basis of these observations it was concluded that the substance is non-irritating to the rabbit eye.