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Toxicological information

Repeated dose toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term repeated dose toxicity: oral
Remarks:
combined repeated dose and reproduction / developmental screening
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2012-2013
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Study was conducted by a GLP accredited laboratory using OECD Testing Guideline 422. The study was conducted on 6-[(p-tosyl)amino]hexanoic acid, which is the carboxylic acid component of 6-[(p-tosyl)amino]hexanoic acid, compound with 2,2’,2’’-nitrilotriethanol (1:1), a structurally similar substance to the registered substance.
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
reference to other study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013
Report Date:
2013

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 422 (Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Daily administration by stomach tube for 54 days
GLP compliance:
yes
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: crystalline
Details on test material:
- Physical state: solid, white crystalline powder
- Batch No.: 110526S
- Expiry date: 26.05.2013
- Purity: 99.24% (taken as 100%)
- Instructions for storage: Room temperature, tighly closed container, cool, dry, only in original container
- Colour: white
- Odour: odourless

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River, Germany, D-97633 Sulzfeld
- Age at purchase: 11 weeks
- weight rage at time of grouping: males, 175-200 g
- Fasting period before study: no
- Housing: 2 per cage,
- Cages: TECHNIPLAST filter top cages type 2145 F with an G-Temp (PSU) durable filter cover, 480x265x210 mm³, floor area 940 cm²,
- Source: Techniplast Company, Italy
- Diet: ad libitum, M3, BONAGRO Ltd., reg. CZ 10174, Czech Republic
- Water: ad libitum, tap water
- Acclimation period: 9 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 +/- 2
- Humidity (%): 40 - 70
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
water
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE: Suspension in water

- Amount of vehicle: 10 ml/kg
- single daily adminisration at similar times each day
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no
Duration of treatment / exposure:
54 administrations, (2 weeks before mating, 2 weeks during mating and 26 days after mating)
dissection ca. 24 hours after the last administration
Frequency of treatment:
daily
Doses / concentrations
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
0, 100, 400, 1600 mg/kg body weight (mg/kg bw)
Basis:
actual ingested
No. of animals per sex per dose:
12 males, satelite groups (control and highest dosage): 5 males each
Control animals:
yes
Details on study design:
- Control groups: drinking water
- Dose selection rationale: Results of an acute toxicity study with oral administration to male and female rats
- Result: no effects up to and including 2000 mg/kg bw.
- Rationale for animal assignment: randomly grouped
- Section schedule rationale: all animals were sacrificed
Positive control:
no

Examinations

Observations and examinations performed and frequency:
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: daily

BODY WEIGHT: Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: on administration days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 42, 50 and on day of autopsy

FOOD CONSUMPTION : 2 weeks before mating, after 2 week mating period and weekly until the end of the study

HAEMATOLOGY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: day 14 (before mating) and prior to autopsy from the satelite groups and from the control and highest dose group.

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood:day 14 (before mating) and prior to autopsy from the satelite groups and from the control and high dose group.

URINALYSIS: No
Sacrifice and pathology:
GROSS PATHOLOGY: Yes
- Organ weights: brain, heart, thymus, spleen, liver, testis, epididymis, kidney, adrenal gland

HISTOPATHOLOGY: Yes: high dose and control animals
- Organ: medulla oblongata, brain, heart, pancreas + lymphnode, spleen, liver, lung, small intestine, stomach, kidneys, adrenal gland, testes, prostrate, urinary bladder, bone + bone marrow, thymus, trachea, white + brown fat, muscle, pituitary gland
Statistics:
Statistical evaluation was operated using the software SPPS version 16.0. Group data were represented by mean, standard deviation and median. Statistical analysis in case of data measured once during the study (organ weight, haematology, clinical chemistry) : Mann-Whitney U test for pairwise comparison between control and individual experimental groups on significance level alpha = 0.05.
Statistical analysis in case of repeated data measurement (body weight, food intake): Repeated measures ANOVA (procedure General Linear Model (GLM) for Repeated Measures in SPSS statistical software).

Results and discussion

Results of examinations

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
statistically significant decrease after dosages of 1600 mg/kg bw./day
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Food efficiency:
not examined
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not examined
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
no effects observed
Clinical biochemistry findings:
no effects observed
Urinalysis findings:
not examined
Behaviour (functional findings):
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
no effects observed
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Details on results:
CLINICAL SIGNS:
- 100, 400 and 1600 mg/kg bw/day:
no differences to the control animals observable

MORTALITY: no

BODY WEIGHT GAIN: 1600 mg/kg bw: reduced

FOOD CONSUMPTION: no statistical differences

HAEMATOLOGY/ CLINICAL CHEMISTRY:
Haematology and clinical chemistry reveales some statistically significant differences, but these were neither related to dosage not confirmed by the findings in other groups, for example by the results of the satelite groups, or the effects are of biological low relevance i.e..

URINALYSIS: not examined

NEUROBEHAVIOUR: not examined

ORGAN WEIGHTS: no statistical differences

GROSS PATHOLOGY: no dosage related effects

HISTOPATHOLOGY: NON-NEOPLASTIC: no statistical differences

HISTOPATHOLOGY: NEOPLASTIC: no statistical differences

HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA: not given

Effect levels

open allclose all
Dose descriptor:
NOEL
Effect level:
400 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
400 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
LOEL
Effect level:
1 600 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male
Basis for effect level:
other: decrease in body weight (not exceeding 10%)

Target system / organ toxicity

Critical effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Daily dosages of 0, 100, 400, and 1600 mg/kg bw of the test substance were administered by stomach tube to groups of 12 male rats for 54 days. Satellite animals in a control and the highest dose group (1600mg/kg bw) with 5 individual each were also included.The test-article was formulated in drinking water and administered in 10 ml/kg bw..
At dosages of 100 and 400 mg/kg bw. the animals showed no differences to the control animals (NOAEL).
1600 mg ASC plus/kg bw. , considered as the LOEC, may have induced an influence on the body weight gain of the males (and the survival of pups until day 4 after birth).
NOAEL: 400 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

The repeated dose toxicity of the test substance to rats was determined in accordance with the OECD Guideline for Testing of Chemicals 422. Doses of 0, 100, 400, and 1600 mg/kg bw/day of the test substance were administered by stomach tube to groups of 12 male rats for 54 days. The test-article was formulated in drinking water and administered in 10 ml/kg bw. At dosages of 100 and 400 mg/kg bw/day the animals showed no differences to the control animals (NOEL). All examined organs and tissues showed a normal histological structure. 1600 mg/kg bw/day may have induced an influence on the body weight gain of the males (and the survival of pups until day 4 after birth). The NOEL and NOAEL for the test substance is defined as 400 mg/kg bw/day. The LOEL for the test substance is defined as 1600 mg/kg bw/day. The test substance was the carboxylic acid component of the tosyl salt. Read-across between the tosyl salt carboxylic acid (6 -[(p-tosyl)amino]hexanoic acid) and the registered substance is considered justified as the registered substance is manufactured directly from 6-[methyl(phenylsulphonyl)amino]hexanoic acid by simple neutralisation with triethanolamine (TEA). 6-[methyl(phenylsulphonyl)amino]hexanoic acid and 6-[(p-tosyl)amino]hexanoic acid are structural isomers. They are the same molecular weight and differ only in the position of a single methyl group. In the former, the methyl group is bound to the nitrogen atom of the sulphonamide linkage whereas in the latter, it resides on the aromatic ring. Other than ionization of the carboxylic acid group, the 6-[methyl(phenylsulphonyl)amino]hexanoic acid remains chemically unchanged upon salt formation. In water, the acid and amine components of 6-[methyl(phenylsulphonyl)amino]hexanoic acid, compound with 2,2’,2’’-nitrilotriethanol (1:1) dissociate completely and behave essentially as independent substances. Since TEA can be considered non-hazardous, it is the acid component of the salt that will have a more significant impact on the outcome of any (eco)toxicological or environmental tests.