Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP-Guideline study.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2000

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.2400 (Acute Eye Irritation)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): 2-Ethylhexyl benzoate
- Physical state: clear colourless liquid
- Analytical purity: 99.734%
- Impurities (identity and concentrations): 2-Ethyl-4-methyl-1-pentyl benzoate 0.209%, C8 benzoate 0.023%, 2-Ethylhexyl phthalate 0.004%, unknown impurities 0.03%
- Lot/batch No.: 9915-133-2
- Sample ID: 9915-140-2
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 2000-12-04
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature in light, in brown glass bottle

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan UK Ltd., Bicester, Oxon, UK
- Age at study initiation: at least 12 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.4-2.7 kg
- Housing: animals were housed individually in metal cages with perforated floors.
- Diet: standard laboratory rabbit diet (Special Diet Services STANRAB (P) SQC pellet), ad libitum
- Water: drinking water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 15 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 23-24.5
- Humidity (%): 20-34
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: the untreated eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 mL

Duration of treatment / exposure:
single application without washing
Observation period (in vivo):
72 h
Reading time points: 1, 24, 48 and 72 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 males
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scoring system

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: hand-slit lamp

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 2 days
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No effects on cornea and iris were observed during the study period in all animals.
Slight conjunctival redness was observed in all animals 1 h after instillation. In 1/3 animals the redness was still apparent at the 24 h reading and was fully reversible within 48 h.
No chemosis was observed during the study period in all animals.

Other effects:
No further local or systemic effects were reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified