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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
28 Nov - 21 Dec 1989
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Guideline study without detailed documentation

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1990
Report Date:
1990

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
GLP compliance:
no
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
Data were developed prior to the LLNA method becoming the preferred method for the in-vivo assessment of sensitisation.

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): [trade name]
- Substance type: product
- Physical state: liquid
- Stability under test conditions: not mentioned
- Storage condition of test material: not mentioned
- Other: none

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Dunkin-Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: F. Winkelmann, Borchen, Germany
- Age at study initiation: not mentioned
- Weight at study initiation: 380 g (mean weight of the test animals); 376 g (mean weight of the control animals)
- Housing: 1 - 5 animals in Makrolon cages type IV
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): G4 complete feed for guinea pigs ad libitum, supplied by Ssniff Spezialfutter GmbH, Soest, Germany
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): tap water ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 5 - 8 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20 ± 1
- Humidity (%): 60 ± 5
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
other: maize germ oil
Concentration / amount:
- Concentrations used for induction: intradermal treatment: 10% test substance in maize germ oil; dermal treatment: 100% test substance
- Concentration in Freunds Complete Adjuvant (FCA): 10% test substance in a mixture of FCA and maize germ oil (1:1)
- Concentrations used for challenge: 100 %
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
other: maize germ oil
Concentration / amount:
- Concentrations used for induction: intradermal treatment: 10% test substance in maize germ oil; dermal treatment: 100% test substance
- Concentration in Freunds Complete Adjuvant (FCA): 10% test substance in a mixture of FCA and maize germ oil (1:1)
- Concentrations used for challenge: 100 %
No. of animals per dose:
test group: 20 animals
control group: 10 animals
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS:
A test substance concentration of 100% were tested in a preliminary study, no further details were mentioned

MAIN STUDY
A. INDUCTION EXPOSURE
- No. of exposures: 2
- Exposure period: 1st exposure: intracutaneous injections (0.1 cm³); 2nd exposure: epicutaneous for 48 hours; evaluation after 1 and 24 hours each
- Concentration in Freunds Complete Adjuvants (FCA): 10% test substance in a mixture of FCA and maize germ oil (1:1)
- Test group: dermal: undiluted test substance (2 x 4 cm patch)
- Control group: maize germ oil (2 x 4 cm patch)
- Frequency of applications: day 0: intradermal treatment, day 6: pretreatment with sodium dodecyl sulphate (10% in vaseline) and day 7: dermal treatment
- Duration: 3 weeks
- Concentrations: 100% test substance

B. CHALLENGE EXPOSURE
- No. of exposures: 1
- Day(s) of challenge: on day 21
- Exposure period: dermal application for 24 hours
- Test groups: undiluted test substance (2 x 2 cm patch)
- Control group: undiluted test substance (2 x 2 cm patch)
- Site: left flanks
- Concentrations: 100% v/v
- Evaluation (hr after challenge): 48 and 72 hours after application
Challenge controls:
see above B. Challenge exposure
Positive control substance(s):
not specified

Results and discussion

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 100 %. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
72
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 72.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 100 %. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 100 %. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
72
Group:
test group
Dose level:
100 %
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 72.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 100 %. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0.

Any other information on results incl. tables

RESULTS OF PILOT STUDY: no irritation at concentrations of 100% test substance

RESULTS OF TEST

- Sensitization reaction: 0/20

- Clinical signs: Local reactions after intradermal application (test and control animals after 1 and 24 hours): All FCA treated injections sites showed severe erythema, edema and necrosis. The animals treated with 10% test substance in maize germ oil showed well defined erythema and edema.

Local reactions after patch test (48 hours): 1 hour after patch removal, test and control animals: whole application area showed erythema and edema, as well as inflamed or bloody lesions, restlessness of the animals and scratching in the application area.

24 hours after patch removal: Some animals showed erythema and eschar formation in the whole application area.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
DSD: not classified
CLP: not classified