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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
05. Oct. 1988 - 27. Oct. 1988
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1988
Report date:
1988

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-[(p-aminophenyl)sulphonyl]ethyl hydrogensulphate
EC Number:
219-669-7
EC Name:
2-[(p-aminophenyl)sulphonyl]ethyl hydrogensulphate
Cas Number:
2494-89-5
Molecular formula:
C8H11NO6S2
IUPAC Name:
[2-(4-aminobenzenesulfonyl)ethoxy]sulfonic acid
Details on test material:
Test item: Para Base Ester (1-Amino-benzol-4-B-oxaethylsulfonesulphuric acid ester)
Appearence: white grey powder
Batch: 880/1988 (no. 767, dated 27. July 1988)
Storage conditions: dark at 22°C

Method

Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1538
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Aroclor 1254 induced rat liver S9
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
4 - 5000 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
DMSO
Controlsopen allclose all
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
benzo(a)pyrene
Remarks:
all strains with S9
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: 2-aminoanthracene
Remarks:
all strains with S9
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
Remarks:
TA 1535, TA 100
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
Remarks:
TA 1537
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
2-nitrofluorene
Remarks:
TA 98, TA 1538
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: N-Methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)
Remarks:
E. coli WP2uvrA
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
According to guideline

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Remarks:
if dose >5000 µg/plate
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1538
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

The test compound proved to be toxic to most of the bacterial strains at 5000 µg/plate. 5000 µg/plate was chosen as top dose level for the mutagenicity study. Parabaseester is not mutagenic in this bacterial test system either with or without exogenous metabolic activation at the dose levels investigated
Executive summary:

Parabaseester was tested for mutagenicity with the strains TA 100, TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 1538, TA 98 of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA.

The mutagenicity studies were conducted in the absence and in the presence of a metabolizing system derived from rat liver homogenate. A dose range of 6 different doses from 4 µg/plate to 5000 µg/plate was used.

Control plates without mutagen showed that the number of spontaneous revertant colonies was similar to that described in the literature. All the positive control compounds gave the expected increase in the number of revertant colonies.

Toxicity: The test compound proved to be toxic to most of the bacterial strains at 5000 µg/plate. 5000 µg/plate was chosen as top dose level for the mutagenicity study.

Mutagenicity: In the absence of the metabolic activation system the test compound did not show a dose dependent increase in the number of revertants in any of the bacterial strains. Also in the presence of a metabolic activation system, treatment of the cells with Parabaseester did not result in relevant increases in the number of revertant colonies.

 

Summarizing, it can be stated that Parabaseester is not mutagenic in these bacterial test systems either with or without exogenous metabolic activation at the dose levels investigated.