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Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

skin corrosion: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
14 Feb 2012 - 06 Mar 2012
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
according to guideline
EU Method B.46 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Model Test)
Version / remarks:
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
EC Number:
EC Name:
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
Details on test material:
- Physical state: solid/white
- Analytical purity: 99.0 g/100 g determined by 1H-MR spectroscopy
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: July 15, 2015
- Storage condition of test material: Room temperature; avoid temperatures > 35°C

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
reconstructed three dimensional human epidermis model (EpiDerm™)
Source species:
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
other: minimally moistened with PBS
Details on test system:
EpiDerm TM 200 kit: MatTek ln Vitro Life Science Laboratories, Bratislava, Slovakia containing: 24 Epi-200 tissues (reconstructed epidermis): surface 0.6 cm² cultured in Millicells® 0 1 cm
Tissue for MTTreduction control: Epi-200 tissue that is killed by freezing at -20°C
Assay medium: Dulbecco's modified eagle's medium (DMEM); for the assay and for diluting MTT
Wash buffer: Dulbecco's phosphate buffered saline (P8S), w/o Ca2+ , Mg2+
Extracting agent: lsopropanol p.a.
Detection agent: 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), 1.0 mg I ml assay medium
Amount/concentration applied:
25 μL de-ionized water was applied first. Thereafter, a bulk volume of 25 μL of the solid test material was applied with a sharp spoon and homogeneously distributed with the water.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Number of replicates:
three tissue samples used each for test sample and controls

Test animals

Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:

Test system

other: Control tissue used for positive and negative controls

Results and discussion

In vitro

Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
mean value of three tissues
Run / experiment:
assay with the test article
Vehicle controls validity:
Positive controls validity:
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation

Any other information on results incl. tables


Test material Tissue 1 Tissue 2 Tissue 3 mean SD
negative control (NC)

mean OD570

1.824 2.069 1.717 1.87

viability [% of NC]


110.7 91.8 100 9.67
test article

mean OD570

1.735 2.068 1.911 1.905

viability [% of NC]

92.8 110.6 102.2 102 8.92
positive control (PC)

mean OD570

0.165 0.168 0.171 0.168

viability [% of NC]

8.8 9 9.1 9 0.17

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Based on the observed results it was concluded, that the test substance does not show a skin irritation potential in the EpiDerm(TM) irritation test under the test conditions chosen.
Executive summary:

The test article's potential to cause dermal irritation was assessed in an in vitro irritation test according to OECD guideline 439 and in compliance with GLP. To that end, a single topical application of 25 μL bulk volume (about 14 mg) of the test substance to a reconstructed three dimensional human epidermis model (EpiDerm™) was analyzed. Three EpiDerm™ tissue samples were incubated with the test substance for 1 hour followed by a 42-hours post-incubation period. Tissue destruction was determined by measuring the metabolic activity of the tissue after exposure/ post-incubation using a colorimetric test. The reduction of mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity, measured by reduced formazan production after incubation with a tetrazolium salt (MTT) was chosen as endpoint. The formazan production of the testsubstance treated epidermal tissues is compared to that of negative control tissues. The quotient of both values indicates the relative tissue viability. The EpiDerm skin irritation test showed the following results: The test substance is not able to reduce MTT directly. The mean viability of the test-substance treated tissues determined after an exposure period of 1 hour with about 42 hours post-incubation was 102%. Based on the observed results it was concluded, that the test substance does not show a skin irritation potential in the EpiDerm™ skin irritation test under the test conditions chosen.