Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Study meets generally accepted scientific principles (restriction: purity unknown, limited documentation). The registered substance is a reaction product of 2,4-dinitrotoluene and 2,6-dinitrotoluene and hydrogen (common name: diaminomethylcyclohexane or MDACH, respectively) consisting of the two isomers 4 -methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine (CAS 13897-55-7; molecular weight approx. 128 g/mol) and 2-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine (CAS 13897-56-8; molecular weight approx. 128 g/mol). The registered substance was tested in several toxicity studies, which were conducted on the one hand using 4-methylcyclohexane-1,3-diamine (CAS 13897-55-7) which is the main isomer of the registered substance (up to 90%) and on the other hand the reaction product of 2,4-dinitrotoluene and 2,6-dinitrotoluene and hydrogen was tested as such (for details see read across justification, IUCLID chapter 13).

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Range-Finding Toxicity Data: List VII
Author:
Smyth HF, Carpenter CP, Weil CS, Pozzani UC, Striegel JA, Nycum JS
Year:
1969
Bibliographic source:
Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 30: 470-476

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
To aevaluate the eye irritation potency of the test substance, a flooding volume (0.5 ml) was instilled directly into the eye of 5 rabbits (not rinsed). Eye injury in rabbits was then recorded in a 10-grade ordinal series and is based upon the degree of corneal necrosis that results from instillation of various volumes and concentrations of chemical.
American J. Ophthalmology 29: 1363.
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): 2,4-diamino-1-methylcyclohexane
No additional details provided

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
not specified
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
not reported


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
not reported

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Remarks:
Where dilution of a chemical is necessary, the preferred solvent was propylene glycol from a batch shown to cause no injury, followed by water, and in some cases a deodorized kerosene known as "Deobase" has been used.
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.005, 0.02, 0.1 or 0.5 mL. Guided by the result and the table of injury grades below, additional applications are made until the chemical can be assigned to one of the defined grades. If large volumes are applied, the lids are held closed for one minute before the animal is released.
- Concentration (if solution): 1, 5, 15, 40 or 100%
Duration of treatment / exposure:
unrinsed
Observation period (in vivo):
18 - 24 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
5
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): none

SCORING SYSTEM:
The individual numerical scores of eye treated with a given volume or concentration of a chemical are added together and then divided by the number of eyes (usually 5) to obtain the score injury caused by the treatment. The level of 5.0 was selected as representative of severe injury. This figure corresponds to necrosis visible only after staining and covering about three fourths of the surface of the cornea; or a more severe necrosis covering a smaller area.

1) Generally the symptoms were scored as followed:
- Symptom visible before Fluorescein staining:
cornea dull: 2 points
cornea opaque, less than half of area: 4 points
cornea opaque, more than half of area: 6 points (Maximum points)
Keratoconus: 6 points (Maximum points)
Iritis, slight internal congestion: 1 point
Iritis, marked internal congestion: 2 points (Maximum points)

- Symptom visible after Fluorescein staining:
Necrosis on less than 5% of cornea: 1 point
Necrosis on 5 to 12%: 2 points
Necrosis on 13 to 37%: 3 points
Necrosis on 38 to 62%: 4 points
Necrosis on 63 to 87%: 5 points
Necrosis on 88 to 100%: 3 points (Maximum points)

- Total maximum points: 20 points

2) The injury was then graded according to the following table:
- Grade 1: 0.5 ml undiluted gives injury of 0 to 1.0 points
- Grade 2: 0.5 ml undiluted gives injury of over 1.0 up to 5.0 points
- Grade 3: 0.1 ml undiluted gives injury of up to 5.0 points (0.5 ml gives over 5.0)
- Grade 4: 0.02 ml undiluted gives injury of up to 5.0 points (0.1 ml gives over 5.0)
- Grade 5: 0.005 ml undiluted gives injury of up to 5.0 points (0.02 ml gives over 5.0)
- Grade 6: excess of 40% solution gives injury of up to 5.0 points (0.005 ml gives over 5.0)
- Grade 7: excess of 15% solution gives injury of up to 5.0 points (40% gives over 5.0)
- Grade 8: excess of 5% solution gives injury of up to 5.0 points (15% gives over 5.0)
- Grade 9: excess of 1% solution gives injury of up to 5.0 points (5% gives over 5.0)
- Grade 10: excess of 1% solution gives injury of over 5.0 points

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: the eye is examined in strong diffuse daylight, then stained with fluorescein and the injury scored

Results and discussion

In vivo

Results
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Remarks:
irritation
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 18-24 hours after treatment
Score:
9
Max. score:
10
Reversibility:
other: not applicable (necrosis)
Remarks on result:
other: The test substance was attributed to Grade 9 on a scale of 10, indicating that excess of 1% solution gives injury of up to 5.0 points (5% gives over 5.0), corresponding to necrosis on 63 to 87% of the cornea.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
corrosive
Remarks:
Migrated information