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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
10 April, 1995 - 13 April, 1995
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1995
Report date:
1995

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
(1987)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
(1992)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
-
EC Number:
422-150-1
EC Name:
-
Molecular formula:
Hill formula: Mg4.3 Al2(OH)12.6 (CO3)0-0.75 (ClO4)0.5-2.0 . (0-5)H2O CAS formula: Mg4.3 Al2(OH)12.6 (CO3)0-0.75 (ClO4)0.5-2.0 . (0-5)H2O
IUPAC Name:
Aluminium-magnesium-carbonate-hydroxide-perchlorate-hydrate
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
- Appearance: white powder
- Storage condition of test material: at room temperature in the dark

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Broekman Institute, Someren, The Netherlands
- Age at study initiation: Animals used withihn the study were approx. 8-10 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: Body weights were 1585 - 1990 g
- Housing: Individually housed in cages with perforated floors.
- Diet: Free access to standard laboratory rabbit diet (LKK-20, pellet diameter 4mm, Hope Farms, Woerden, The Netherlands). In addition, hay was provided once a week.
- Water: Free access to tap water diluted with decalcified water.
- Acclimation period: At least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21
- Humidity (%): 50
- Air changes (per hr): approx. 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: One eye of each animal remained untreated and served as the reference control.
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL- Amount applied: 46 ± 1 mg (volume of 0.1 mL)
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Single instillation on Day 1.
Observation period (in vivo):
The eyes of each animal were examined approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation of the test substance.
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 males
Details on study design:
TREATMENT
On test day 1, the test substance was instilled in the conjunctival sac of one eye of each animal after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The lids were then gently held together for about one second to prevent loss of the test substance.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
-Washing: No

OBSERVATIONS (beschrijf beperkt)
- Mortality/Viability: Twice daily.
- Toxicity: At least once daily.
- Body Weight: Day of treatment (prior to instillation).
- Necropsy: Not performed.
- Irritation: The eyes of each animal were examined approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation of the test substance. The irritation scores and a description of all other (local) effects were recorded. The irritation was assessed according to OECD 405.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 hours
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 hours
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 hours
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Instillation of the test substance into one eye of each animal resulted in effects on the iris and the conjunctivae.
The irritation of the iris had resolved within 24 hours in all animals. The irritation of the conjuctivae consisted of redness, chemosis and discharge, which had resolved within 72 hours after instillation in all animals. There was no evidence of ocular corrosion.
Other effects:
No staining of peri-ocular tissues by the the test substance was observed.
No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 and its amendments.
Conclusions:
In an eye irritation study with male rabbits, performed according to OECD 405 test guideline and GLP principles, limited irritation was observed.
Executive summary:

Alcamizer 5 was tested in an eye irritation/corrosion study with male rabbits, performed according to OECD 405 test guideline and GLP principles.

Instillation of the test substance into one eye of each animal resulted in effects on the iris and the conjunctivae.

The irritation of the iris had resolved within 24 hours in all animals. The irritation of the conjuctivae consisted of redness, chemosis and discharge, which had resolved within 72 hours after instillation in all animals. There was no evidence of ocular corrosion.

No staining of peri-ocular tissues by the the test substance was observed.

No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

Alcamizer 5 does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for eye irritation according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (including all amendments).

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