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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2013-03-21 to 2013-04-05
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
adopted 2002-04-24
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
signed 2009-11-12

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
Himalayan
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: LPT Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology GmbH & Co. KG, Branch Löhndorf, 24601 Löhndorf/Post Wankendorf, Germany
- Age at study initiation: approximately 6 - 8 months
- Weight at study initiation: 3.0 - 3.4 kg
- Housing: before and after the 4-hour exposure period, the animals were kept singly in cages measuring 380 mm x 425 mm x 600 mm (manufacturer: Dipl. Ing. W. EHRET GmbH, 16352 Schönwalde, Germany). During the exposure period, the animals were kept singly in restrainers which allowed free movement of the head but prevented a complete body turn. The cages excluded irritation of the skin by excrements and urine.
- Diet (ad libitum; before and after exposure period): commercial diet, ssniff® K-H V2333 (ssniff Spezialdiäten GmbH, 59494 Soest, Germany)
- Water (ad libitum; before and after exposure period): drinking water
- Acclimation period: at least 20 adaptation days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature: 20°C ± 3°C (maximum range)
- Relative humidity: 30% - 70% (maximum range)
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
water
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 500 mg of the test item was applied to the test site.
1000 mg of the test item were mixed with 500 mg aqua ad iniectabilia (Batch no. 123868001, B. Braun Melsungen AG, 34212 Melsungen, Germany), 750 mg of this paste were applied per animal (approx. 500 mg test item/animal)
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
Prior to the administration and 60 minutes, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the exposure period
Number of animals:
3 female rabbits
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: approximately 24 hours before the test, the fur was removed by closely clipping the dorsal area of the trunk of the animals. Care was taken to avoid abrading the skin. Only animals with healthy intact skin were used.
The test item was applied to the test site (area: approx. 6 cm2) and then covered with a gauze patch. The patch was held in contact with the skin with non-irritating tape for the duration of the exposure period. The surrounding untreated skin served as a control.

INITIAL TEST AND CONFIRMATORY TEST
As it was expected that the test item would not produce any irritancy, all 3 animals were applied at one time, i.e. no initial test was carried out.

SCORING SYSTEM: according to the Draize scale

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #1
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
other: Very slight erythema was observed during the 60 minute observation.
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #2
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #3
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
other: Very slight erythema was observed during the 60 minute observation.
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
animal #3
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Three rabbits exposed for 4 hours to 500 mg Fatty acids, C9-13-neo, zinc salts/animal showed following skin reactions:
Very slight erythema (grade 1) was observed in two animals 60 minutes after patch removal.
Other effects:
There were no systemic intolerance reactions.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The test substance is not irritating to the skin.
According to the EC-Commission directive 67/548/EEC and its subsequent amendments, the test substance is not irritating to the skin.
According to the EC-Regulation 1272/2008 and subsequent regulations, the test item is not classified as skin irritant.