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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

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Only one reliable study (Klimisch 2) on the biota-to-soil-accumulation factor (BSAF) of vanadium for terrestrial plants is available, reporting BSAF values smaller than 0.1 for Lactuca sativa, Solanum tuberosum and Lolium perenne grown in a sandy or loamy soil amended with V2O5 up to 500 mg V/kg dw (Vangheluwe et al., 2003). The absence of vanadium accumulation in terrestrial plants (BSAF << 1) is also supported by data for Brassica oleracea and Glycine max grown in soils amended with VOSO4 and NH4VO3, respectively (Kaplan et al., 1990; Wang and Liu, 1999). No data are available for bioaccumulation of vanadium in terrestrial invertebrates.