REACH registration results

Summary - the REACH 2018 deadline

The REACH deadline for registering existing substances manufactured or imported in quantities from 1 to 100 tonnes per year was on 31 May 2018. 

By that date, 5 435 companies submitted 33 363 registration dossiers to ECHA. 28 323 of these dossiers have been completed and companies have received their registration numbers. 5 040 are still being processed by ECHA. In most of the pending cases, ECHA is checking the completeness of the information submitted against the information required by law or waiting for the companies’ registration fees to be paid.

17 % of all registrations were submitted by micro, small or medium-sized companies (SMEs) and 83% came from large companies. 29 % of the registrations were made by only representatives on behalf of a non-EU company, while 48 % were made by importers (some of which may also be manufacturers). The rest of the registrations were submitted by EU/EEA manufacturers.

Registrations were received from 28 EU Member States and three European Economic Area (EEA) countries, with the largest share coming from Germany (26 %). 

The submitted registrations cover 11 114 substances, 6 824 of which have been registered for the first time for the 2018 deadline (registered only below 100 tonnes per year). 

Peak in submissions during the last days

Overall, the registration process of small-volume substances worked well. Although ECHA received a peak in registrations in the last days before 31 May, the number of registrations submitted and of substances registered was lower than forecasted. In particular, ECHA received fewer registrations for substances in the 1-10 tonnes range and for substances used as intermediates. 

On the other hand, companies submitted over 1 000 high-tonnage registrations (≥100 tonnes per year), which is more than predicted. This is believed to be because some companies, in anticipation of a potential growth of business in the coming years, decided to register in higher tonnages than originally planned.

Moreover, close to 31 May, ECHA saw many indications that companies were starting their registration preparations very late: high numbers of REACH inquiries were submitted for companies to get in contact with the existing registrants of their substance, data-sharing disputes filed and applications made for solutions offered by the Directors’ Contact Group (DCG) for companies in exceptional situations. Based on these observations, the Agency expects many registrations still to arrive after the deadline.

To what extent the European companies have fulfilled their registration obligations, will be assessed during the EU-wide enforcement project (REF-7) coming up in 2019.

Helping companies

Since 2014, ECHA has helped companies – particularly SMEs – by publishing promotional material, practical advice and examples (REACH 2018 Roadmap) in 23 EU languages. Its REACH 2018 web pages have been visited over 600 000 times. The registration topics were covered in 15 webinars broadcasted between June 2015 and May 2018. In the last two weeks prior to the 31 May deadline, companies were able to get quick replies to their questions through ECHA’s live chat.

ECHA, Member States’ national helpdesks and industry associations helped all companies that contacted them. ECHA staff replied thousands of questions by email, and companies with difficulties in submitting their dossiers were contacted directly by phone. New methods like booking online support sessions with an ECHA expert were also used. A survey held among registrants indicated that 50 % of companies have received support from ECHA’s helpdesk and many also from national helpdesks or industry associations. 

To help companies facing exceptional difficulties, the Directors’ Contact Group (DCG) – a platform for exchanging views on potential registration hurdles between ECHA, the European Commission and industry associations – was activated in 2017. In December 2017, it published a recommendation with four actions that could ease the cost burden on first-time registrants.

In January 2018, the DCG again opened four solutions to help registrants in exceptional situations. Companies could apply for a solution by contacting ECHA and providing supporting documentation before the deadline.

ECHA also introduced the cloud version of the chemical data management tool IUCLID, IUCLID Cloud, to give registrants a simpler tool for preparing their registration dossiers. Also, a possibility to prepare and submit a registration online through REACH-IT was offered for companies that had very simple dossiers.


Summary for the 2018 deadline (all figures on 31 May 2018)


  # Submitted to ECHA # Completed
Registrations (1 - 100 tonnes per year) 33 363 28 323
Substances 11 114 9 955

NB: The numbers for registrations and substances are different as one substance can be registered by more than one registrant (company). Each registrant must submit their own registration, though companies work together to share data on the substance.

Registrants by company size

The table below shows the number of companies that have registered chemicals and a breakdown of the number by company size (micro, small or medium-sized company) as indicated by the companies. Companies’ self-declarations are verified by ECHA in due time.

Company size # Companies with registrations submitted # Companies with completed registrations
Total number of registrants (companies) 5 478 4 597
Number of large companies 3 964 3 446

Number of SMEs

1 514

1 151

Medium-sized companies



Small-sized companies

563 416

Micro-sized companies

327 263


Breakdown by the registrant company size

The table below shows a breakdown of the number of registrations by company size (micro, small, medium-sized or large company) as indicated by the companies. Companies’ self-declarations are verified by ECHA in due time.

Registrations by company size # Registrations submitted # Registrations completed
Registrations by large companies 27 794 23 886
Registrations by SMEs 5 569 4 437

Medium-sized companies

3 059

2 398

Small-sized companies

1 878

1 501

Micro-sized companies

632 538
TOTAL 33 363 28 323


Breakdown by role in the supply chain

The table below shows a breakdown of the number of registrations according to the role of the registrant (manufacturer, manufacturer and importer, importer, only representative).

Non-EU companies that export to the EU/EEA can use two different registration mechanisms under REACH: they can either register through an importer or appoint an EU/EEA based only representative who acts on behalf of the non-EU customer. 

Role # Registrations completed # Substances (in completed registrations)
Importer 12 233 4 703
Only representative 8 126 3 490


6 477

4 393

Manufacturer and importer

1 486

1 224

Downstream user taking the registrant's role

1 1
TOTAL 28 323 9 955


Use of Directors' Contact Group solutions

Solutions were identified by  ECHA’s Directors’ Contact Group (DCG) to help companies that were facing exceptional situations preventing them from registering on time. Companies could apply for a ‘DCG solution’ if they were affected by any of the four scenarios identified by the DCG.

DCG issue # Companies # Applications #Accepted applications # Applications rejected or withdrawn # Applications still being processed
10. Completeness of dossiers 298 641 548 63 30

10.2. Difficulties for importers to obtain data on substances in mixtures

4 4 0 2 2

10.3. Data required in Annexes VII and VIII to REACH not yet available by the registration deadline



548 62 28

15. Legal entity change



0 2 0

15.1. Company split and one legal entity does not have a pre-registration

2 2 0 2 0

15.2 Transfer of assets

1 1 0 1 0
20. Dependency on the lead registrant 13 16 3 8 5

20.1 Lead registrant has submitted an incomplete registration and fails to correct it within the completeness check deadline

0 0 0 0 0

Dependency on the lead registrant – lead registrant fails to submit their registration dossier before the registration deadline

13 16 3 8 5
21. Substance information exchange forum (SIEF) without an EU manufacturer or importer 9 11 3 4 4

NB: Those applications that arrived very close to the 31 May deadline and are still being assessed by ECHA. 

Registrations and substances by EU/EEA country

The table below shows the number of registrations received from the 28 EU Member States and from the European Economic Area countries (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein). 

Country # Registrations submitted # Registrations completed # Substances (in completed registrations)
Germany 8 647 7595 4443
United Kingdom 4 515 3731 2020


3 586




2 972




2 827 2409 1462
Spain 2542 2071 1558
Belgium 2291 1998 1312
Ireland 1269 1126 773
Sweden 1159 1043 926
Hungary 835 808 637
Czech Republic 624 555 522
Poland 378 282 206
Austria 376 330 310
Finland 324 270 236
Luxembourg 203 140 125
Denmark 160 132 124
Bulgaria 126 109 51
Greece 106 81 53
Portugal 65 49 49
Latvia 64 55 55
Slovenia 51 50 50
Romania 50 45 42
Norway 48 26 25
Slovakia 43 34 34
Liechtenstein 33 30 30
Croatia 29 25 25
Estonia 18 7 7
Lithuania 10 10 10
Malta 7 5 5
Cyprus 4 1 1
Iceland 1 1 1
TOTAL 33 363 28 323 9 955


Most frequently registered substances, 1 - 100 tonnes

Substance name # Registrations completed
Ethanol 211
Propane-1,2-diol 166

Silicon dioxide


Titanium dioxide


Lavender, Lavandula hybrida, ext.

Propan-2-ol 105
Sodium hydroxide 103
Aluminium 103
Styrene 101
Ethane-1,2-diol 101
Calcium dihydroxide 93
Methanol 91
Lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, ext. 89
Ethylene 88
Aluminium oxide 84
Diiron trioxide 78
Methyl methacrylate 78
Butyl acrylate 75
Sodium sulphate 74
2,2'-oxydiethanol 71


Next steps


ECHA has until 31 August 2018 to check the completeness of all submitted registrations and either assign a registration number or inform companies if information is missing from their dossiers.

Assessing confidentiality claims

ECHA will assess the confidentiality claims made by companies, for example, on the IUPAC name, in due time. The parts of a dossier that have no claims will be published on ECHA’s website as soon as they are verified complete.

Making information publicly available

ECHA will make the non-confidential information from most of the 2018 deadline registrations publicly progressively, shortly after they receive a registration number. Most of the information will be online by the end of the year. Information will be added to the registered substances database. 


ECHA will evaluate a minimum of 5 % of dossiers in each tonnage band in due time. All dossiers for phase-in substances, which include testing proposals relevant to Annexes IX and X to REACH will be examined by 1 June 2022.

SME verification

The company size of those registrants that have indicated that they are small, medium or micro-sized companies (SMEs) will be verified in due time. As part of the verification process, companies may be asked to send supporting documentation to ECHA.

Keep registration up to date

Companies are responsible for the safe use of their chemicals, and must keep their registration up to date to reflect, for example, the correct production volume, new uses, and the most recent safe use advice. Help for how to do this and what companies need to consider will be available in November, when ECHA launches phase 7 of the REACH 2018 Roadmap – Keep your registration up to date. 

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