Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation / corrosion, other
Remarks:
skin irritation in vivo
Type of information:
other: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2008
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Hostapon SG and acylglycinate GCK-12H-T are structurally closely related UVCB substances, which differ predominantly in the counterion (sodium resp. potassium). According to the available experimental studies, both substances exhibit results in a comparable range. Therefore, it can be assumed that the results obtained with Hostapon SG for this specific endpoint also apply to acylglycinate GCK-12H-T.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2008
Report Date:
2008

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Netherlands BV
- Age at study initiation: 14 weeks (males, females)
- Weight at study initiation: 2.2 kg (male); 2.5 kg (females)
- Housing: individually in stainless steel cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: yes

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 17 - 23 °C
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70 %
- Air changes (per hr): 10 - 15 per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hour cycle dark / light

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 mL / animal
- Concentration (if solution): undiluted
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hour
Observation period:
14 days
Number of animals:
3
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: approx. 10 cm x 10 cm
- % coverage: 100
- Type of wrap if used: surgical gauze patch

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): yes
- Time after start of exposure: 4 hours

SCORING SYSTEM: Irritation scoring according to Council Regulation (EC) No 440/2008

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
all animals
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h/
Score:
1.67
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1.33
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1.67
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
2
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
all animals
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1.11
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1.33
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
mean
Time point:
other: 24h / 48h / 72h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Other effects:
Scaling noted

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Hostapon SG as applied is not irritating to skin
Executive summary:

The primary skin irritation potential of an aqueous solution of the registered UVCB substance (active content 25%) was investigated according to OECD test guideline no. 404. The test item was applied by topical semi-occlusive application of 0.5 mL to the intact left flank of each of three young adult New Zealand White rabbits. The duration of treatment was four hours. The scoring of skin reactions was performed 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours, as well as 7, 10 and 14 days after removal of the dressing. The mean score was calculated across 3 scoring times (24, 48 and 72 hours after patch removal) for each animal for erythema/eschar grades and for oedema grades, separately. The mean erythema/eschar score of the three animals was 1.33, 1.67 and 2.00, respectively and the mean oedema score was 1.00, 1.33 and 1.00, respectively. The application of Hostapon SG to the skin resulted in mild to moderate signs of irritation. These included erythema, oedema, scaling and dry / inelastic skin. In the male, these effects were reversible and were no longer evident 14 days after treatment. Both females were still observed with scaling of the skin on day 14 post treatment, the end of the observation period. The test item caused no staining of the treated skin. No corrosive effects were noted on the treated skin of any animal at any of the measuring intervals and no clinical signs were observed. Based on the results, the registered substance is not regarded a skin irritant according to EU classification criteria.